The active site of an enzyme

The active site of the enzyme is the place where the substrate binds and at which catalysis occurs.

Lock and key model of the active site



Induced fit model of the active site

In the induced fit model of enzyme-substrate binding, the shape of the active site of the unbound enzyme is not the exact complement of the shape of the substrate. However, the enzyme does bind to the substrate. After binding of the enzyme to the substrate is initiated, a conformational change in the shape of the active site which results in a new shape of the active site that is complementary to the shape of the substrate.




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