anaerobic metabolism of pyruvate

glycolysis is the metabolic conversion of glucose to pyruvate. It occurs in the cytosol and yields a net production of 2 NADHs and 2ATPs per molecule of glucose. Furthermore, the glycolytic reactions can occur in the absence of oxygen (anaerobic conditions).

In some eucaryotic cells and in some eucaryotic and procaryotic organisms, pyruvate can be further metabolized under anaerobic conditions. For example in human muscle cells pyruvate can be converted to lactic acid under anaerobic conditions. In yeast cells pyruvate can be converted to carbon dioxide and ethanol under anaerobic conditions.

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