the transmission of genetic material from one cell to the next (mitosis) and one generation to the next (meiosis)

In eucaryotes the genetic material of a cell is located in the nucleus. some organelles such as mitochondria and chlorophast also have genetic material

Interphase cell

The genetic material of a cell is organized into chromosomes

Karyotype of human metaphase chromosomes

chromosomes are transmitted from parent somatic cell to two daughters cells by the process of mitosis