Lugdunum 2 BCE - 11 CE
TYPE: Bust of Augustus
TYPE: Gaius and Lucius togate and veiled with shields and spears; simpulum and lituus above and between the figures
LEGEND: C(aius) L(ucius) CAESARES AVGVSTI F(ilii) COS (consules) DESIG(nati) PRINC(ipes) IVVENT(utis)
Legend starts at about 5 on the clock and reads counter-clockwise: Caesar Augustus son of god [the deified Julius] father of the nation
In 2 BCE the Senate and people conferred on Augustus the title Pater Patriae, father of the nation, the last in a long list of honorific titles. It did not increase his powers, but honored him as father of the state; moreover, the title would surely recall the patria potestas, the power that a father exercised over the family.
Gaius and Lucius were Augustus' grandsons by Agrippa, whom Augustus adopted and hoped would succeed him.
Gaius and Lucius Caesar sons of Augustus consuls designate princes of the youth