Classics 0.11. Quiz #1
[in square brackets bold face are the answers; also note the method of presenting material to make it easier to read]
Introduction: Name the branch of the Indo-European family to which each of the following languages belongs:
1. Bulgarian[Slavic] 3. Spanish [Romance]
2. Sanskrit [Indic] 4. English [Germanic]
Lesson II & III. In each of the following examples, underline any words that look to you like derivatives from Latin or Greek & identify their part of speech.
Then analyze the word in bold italic type, which requires five steps:
a) identify the part of speech.
b) identify & mark off the various components: Prefix(es), BASE, & Suffix(es).
c) give the meaning for each component.
d) string the components together into a phrase (rough etymological meaning=REM).
e) define the word as used in the sentence or phrase.
SAMPLE showing method: “endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights.”
“endowed [lt,v] by their Creator [Lt., n] with certain [Lt, adj] unalienable [: lt, adj] rights.”
alien “other, strange”
-able “can become, can get”
REM: “cannot become other”
DEF: “cannot be taken or given away“
SENTENCES TO ANALYZE:
Religion [lt,n] by force [lt,n], especially [lt,adv] of the state [lt,n], is a moral [lt,adj] travesty [lt,n&v] and a contradiction [lt,n]in terms [lt,n]for modern [lt,n] man.
tra- <trans- “across”
ty < -tas “quality or state of”
REM: “state of across dressing”
DEF: (n) debased imitation, often with sacriligious or satirical intent
Even ill-health, though it annihilated [lt,n] several [lt,adj] years of my life, has
saved [lt,v] me from the distractions o[lt,n] of society [lt,n] and amusement [lt,n].
an- < ad- “to, towards”
-at- “to make/made”
REM: to make to nothing
Synonymns [gr,n] in English often result f[lt,v] from borrowing both a Greek [lt,a&n] word and the translation [lt,n] of it into Latin [lt,n&a] made by the
Romans--[lt,n&a] for example [lt,n], periphrasis [gr,n] and circumlocution. lt,n]
circum- “around” cf. circle
-ion “process of”
REM: “process of speaking around”
DEF: “use of needlessly wordy or evasive speech; beating around the bush”
For extra credit you may analyze any of the other words you have identified as probably deriving from Greek or Latin.
REM: “process of saying against”
DEF: “expression of the opposite; denial”