Classics 0.11. Quiz #1
[in square brackets bold face are the answers; also note the method of presenting material to make it easier to read]

Introduction: Name the branch of the Indo-European family to which each of the following languages belongs:

      1. Bulgarian[Slavic] 3. Spanish [Romance]
2. Sanskrit [Indic] 4. English [Germanic]

Lesson II & III. In each of the following examples, underline any words that look to you like derivatives from Latin or Greek & identify their part of speech.

Then analyze the word in bold italic type, which requires five steps:

      a)    identify the part of speech.
b) identify & mark off the various components: Prefix(es), BASE, & Suffix(es).
c) give the meaning for each component.
d) string the components together into a phrase (rough etymological meaning=REM).
e) define the word as used in the sentence or phrase.

      SAMPLE showing method: “endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights.”

endowed [lt,v] by their Creator [Lt., n] with certain [Lt, adj] unalienable [: lt, adj] rights.”

      un- “not”

alien “other, strange”

-able “can become, can get”

            REM: “cannot become other”
DEF: “cannot be taken or given away“

SENTENCES TO ANALYZE:

      Religion [lt,n] by force [lt,n], especially [lt,adv] of the state [lt,n], is a moral
[lt,adj] travesty [lt,n&v] and a contradiction [lt,n]in terms [lt,n]for modern [lt,n] man.

        tra- <trans- “across”

        vest- “garment”

        ty < -tas “quality or state of”

            REM: “state of across dressing”

            DEF: (n) debased imitation, often with sacriligious or satirical intent

      Even ill-health, though it annihilated [lt,n] several [lt,adj] years of my life, has
saved [lt,v] me from the distractions o[lt,n] of society [lt,n] and amusement [lt,n].

an- < ad- “to, towards”

nihil “nothing”

-at- “to make/made”

REM: to make to nothing

      Synonymns  [gr,n] in English often result f[lt,v] from borrowing both a Greek
[lt,a&n] word and the translation [lt,n] of it into Latin [lt,n&a] made by the
Romans--[lt,n&a] for example [lt,n], periphrasis [gr,n] and circumlocution. lt,n]

        circum- “around” cf. circle

        locut- “speak”

        -ion “process of”

                REM: “process of speaking around”

                DEF: “use of needlessly wordy or evasive speech; beating around the bush”

For extra credit you may analyze any of the other words you have identified as probably deriving from Greek or Latin.

contradiction

        contra- “against”

        dict- “say/said”

        -ion “process”

                REM: “process of saying against”

                DEF: “expression of the opposite; denial”