Perú Mexico



Location: Geographic coordinates: Area: Area - comparative:
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. 13 00 N, 105 00 E total: 181,035 sq km slightly smaller than Oklahoma
Population: Languages: Capital: Currency:
14,494,293 Khmer (official) 95%, French, English Phnom Penh Rriel (KHR)



Types of rocks: Sandstone (sedimentary rock) and laterite soil from which bricks and/or tiles are made. Laterite is a type of soil that is enriched in iron and aluminium that develops by intensive and long lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock.

Angkor is one of the most important archaeological sites in South-East Asia. Stretching over some 400 km2, including forested area, Angkor Archaeological Park contains the magnificent remains of the different capitals of the Khmer Empire, from the 9th to the 15th century. They include the famous Temple of Angkor Wat and, at Angkor Thom, the Bayon Temple with its countless sculptural decorations.

Back to rocks of Famous Monuments


© Guillermo Rocha, P. G. / Brooklyn College Geology Department