TAJ MAHAL - INDIA
|Location:||Geographic coordinates:||Area:||Area - comparative:|
|Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan||20 00 N, 77 00 E||total: 3,287,590 sq km||slightly more than one-third the size of the US|
|1,029,991,145 (July 2001 est.)||English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication, Hindi the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Sanskrit, Hindustani (a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India||New Delhi||Indian rupee (INR)|
|Types of rocks used on the monument:||
White Marble (metamorphic rock). Grey, Red and Yellow Sandstone (sedimentary rocks). Semiprecious stones such as agate, turquoise, lapis-azuli, coral, onyx, cat's eye, jade and blood stone. Minerals such as magnetite.
Three types of stones have been used in the Taj Mahal :
(1) Semi-precious stones as Aqiq (agate), Yemeni, Firoza (turquoise), Lajwad (Lapis- lazuli); moonga (coral), Sulaimani (onyx), Lahsunia (catís eye), Yasheb (jade) and Pitunia (blood stone) which were used for inlaying.
(2) Rare and uncommon stones as Tilai (goldstone), Zahar-mohra, Ajuba, Abri, Khathu, Nakhod and Maknatis (magnet stone) which were used in bold inlay and mosaic chiefly on floors, exterior dados and turrets and
(3) Common stones: sang-i-Gwaliari (grey and yellow sandstone) sang-i-Surkh (red sandstone), sang-i-moosa (black slate) and sang-i-Rukhan (sang-i-marmar; white marble) which were used in foundations, masonary and for finishing the external surfaces.
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© Guillermo Rocha, P. G. / Brooklyn College Geology Department