PART I. STATEMENT OF PREDICTION: For an area in which the landforms are the result of deformation, I predict that I will find folded (arched or tilted) rock layers that:|
PART II. FOR EACH RECTANGLE (A TO E), SUPPLY THE INDICATED INFORMATION IN THE TABLE BELOW USING THE ABBREVIATIONS OR SYMBOLS PROVIDED IN PARENTHESES: (Some have been done for you as examples.)
- LOCATION: adjacent N.J. (NJ); Manhattan-Bronx (MB); northern Brooklyn (NB); southern Brooklyn (SB)
- REGIONAL LANDFORM: straight, asymmetric ridge (AR); parallel ridges and valleys (PR); belt of irregular hills (BH); gently sloping plain (GP). Note: to review what these landforms look like, refer to the Maps exercise on 'Describing the Topography of NYC.
- MATERIAL IMMEDIATELY BENEATH THE SURFACE: sediment (S); bedrock (B)
- STRUCTURE OF MATERIAL IMMEDIATELY BENEATH THE SURFACE (WITHIN RECTANGLE): up-arched layers (UA); down-arched layers (DA); tilted layers (TL); essentially horizontal layers (HL); no layers (NL)
- PREDOMINANT LOCAL LANDFORM (WITHIN BLACK RECTANGLE): a hill (HILL); a valley (VAL); several hills and valleys (SHV); horizontal plain (HP); tilted plain (TP)
- YELLOW RECTANGLE WITH MOST SIMILAR STRUCTURE IMMEDIATELY BENEATH THE SURFACE: rectangle 1 (R1); rectangle 2 (R2); neither - no layers (RN)
- FULFILLMENT OF PREDICTION: For the location in question, is your 'deformation' prediction fulfilled? Yes (Y); No (N); Unclear (U)
NOTE: *Failure of a prediction weakens the hypothesis but does not prove it is wrong. **Fulfillment of a prediction strengthens a hypothesis but does not prove it is right.