||New Mexico senator Albert Fall, the
most outspoken advocate of US military intervention in post-World War I
Mexico. As Warren Harding's secretary of the interior, he was forced to
resign as part of the Teapot Dome scandal.
|In September 1919, while touring
the country in a futile effort to increase public support for the League
of Nations, Woodrow Wilson suffered a serious stroke that left him
incapacitated for the remainder of his presidency. At the same
time, controversy flared anew between the United States and Mexico, and
conservatives led by Albert Fall opened a congressional investigation
that attempted to trigger a military intervention. A small group of
anti-imperialists checked them, a story we read about in the Woods
article, and a pattern that replicated itself, with somewhat less
promising results, in Haiti during the early 1920s.
Calder, Impact of Intervention, 236-267. Here
Ernest Gruening, "Haiti and Santo Domingo
|Gruening was a Harvard-trained M.D. who
abandoned medicine for a career as a political activist. He was at the
vanguard of the anti-imperialist movement during the 1920s; we'll
encounter him again in this course as a key player in the Good Neighbor
Policy and then as a critic of the Alliance for Progress.