History 416

The Election of 1924

October 17, 2005


I. The 1920s Economic Order

            1. The Constitution according to William Howard Taft (professionalization and celebration of judiciary; federal rules of procedure)

            2. The Court and Economics (child labor; minimum wage; regulation)

3. New Economic Structures (corporatism; labor and agriculture)


II. The Demise of Progressivism

            1. The Reorientation of the GOP (1920: Wood, Johnson, Lowden; Harding as compromise choice; cabinet government; holding cos. and economic organization; scandals)

            2. The Peace Progressives (La Follette and Midwestern radicalism; Norris and public power; Borah and GOP independence; 1922 elections; Wheeler and Teapot Dome)

            3. The Collapse of the Democrats (regional and ideological splits; the emergence of cultural issues—Prohibition, organized crime, and “Alcohol Al”; McAdoo and cultural conservatism; religion, race, and ethnicity)

            4. Nativism (labor and nativism; 1921 and 1924 Immigration Acts; re-emergence of Ku Klux Klan; national appeal and cultural conservatism)


III. The Election of 1924

            1. Republicans (Harding death and Coolidge elevation; maneuvering around Teapot Dome; business of America is business; Borah and Johnson decisions)

            2. The Progressive Challenge (La Follette and bipartisan progressive coalition; role of AFL; Wheeler nomination; “consumer” class and regulation)

            3. Democratic Divisions (the MSG convention and legacy of 2/3rds rule; KKK resolution; Davis compromise)

            4. Course of the Contest (demonizing La Follette; Progressive campaign difficulties; Davis and the inert campaign; Coolidge victory)

            5. Effects (progressivism and national politics—death of La Follette; Scopes trial—decline of cultural conservatism; William Vare, Frank Smith, and revolt against political corruption; 1926 elections and shift to the left)


Possible IDs for midterm—10 will appear; you’ll have to do 7.


Venustiano Carranza

Peace without Victory speech


Bailey v. Drexel Furniture


Espionage Act

Schenck v. U.S.

Dollar Diplomacy

Victoriano Huerta

James McReynolds

Article XI

Canadian free trade agreement

Jane Addams

Lochner v. New York

Fourteen Points Address

Clayton Anti-Trust Act

Roosevelt Corollary


Gitlow v. New York

A. Mitchell Palmer

Teapot Dome

Eugene Debs

Constitutional Government

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Bull Moose Party

FTC v. Gratz

Balkan Wars

Article X

Robert La Follette

2/3rds rule

Customs receivership


16th amendment

Norman Angell

James Hessin Clarke

Polish Corridor


Henry Cabot Lodge

2nd Venezuelan crisis