The New Look

Josť Manuel Fortuny, leader of the Guatemalan communist party. The Eisenhower administration was convinced that his relationship with Jacobo Arbenz proved the communist inclinations of the Guatemalan regime. The resulting covert operation toppled the Arbenz government and provided a good look at how Eisenhower looked to use covert operations to wage the Cold War.
Dwight Eisenhower was an old-fashioned Republican in many respects: he believed in the dangers of deficit spending of all types, including on the military. And so his New Look doctrine aimed for a decrease in appropriations for conventional arms and a subsequent increase in funds for nuclear weapons and covert operations. We'll be looking at the effects of one of those operations--in Guatemala--in today's class.


bullet Paterson, Major Problems, pp. 338-380.


bullet Guatemala: CIA Assassination Manual (1952)
bullet Summaries (1, 2) of PBSUCCESS
bullet CIA analysis: Guatemala