History 65

Nixon and World Affairs

‹oÚð!class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="text-align: center"> March 7, 2005  

 

I. 1968

 

1. Johnson’s Decline (rights-related liberalism and its political effects: fracturing of civil rights coalition, emergence of crime issue)?/font>

 

2. The Democratic Race (importance of RFK; McCarthy surge; RFK entry and LBJ withdrawal)

 

3. The Campaign (from California to Chicago; “New Nixon” and “Southern Strategy”; rise and fall of Wallace; @hennault and outcome)

 

II. The Nixon Agenda

 

            1. Domestic Affairs (goals and management style; appeasing the “frontlash”: women’s rights and environmentalism; appeasing the Democrats: welfare-state funding and tke Family Action Plan; civil rights as wedge issue: Philadelphia Plan, “strict constructionists” and Haynsworth/Carswell fiasco; busing as political issue)

 

            2. Grand Strategy (Nixon and realism, Kissinger and Metternich; view of world affairs—dismissiveness toward Europe; Chinese enigma; opening to China; European realignmenw—from Hallstein Doctrine to Ostpolitik; détente and Cold War status quo; Kissinger uncertainties: behavior of PRC/USSR, selling policy to public)

 

            3. Beyond the Great Powers (Nixon vision; exceptions: consolidating spheres of influence—Chile, Philippines; Vietnam, “secret plan,” Americanization, and “peace with honor—)

 

            4. Confronting Congress (nature of congressional power—subcommittees, appropriations, framing public opinion; Symington Subcommittee and investigation of US commitments, role of Symington in ABM fight, transformation of congressional attitude toward military affairs; Cambodia and Cooper-Church, constitutional crisis?, McGovern-Hatfield and end-the-war amendment)

 

Midterm is one week from today, and will feature the following two essays, of which you’ll have to do one:

 

1.) Did the United States pursue a “Cold War” foreign policy, or did the U.S. approach to international affairs between 1953 and 1973 vary depending on the administration? Discuss, making reference to at least three of the administrations (Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon) during this time period.

 

2.) Between 1954 and 1968, the battle for civil rights occurred in the judicial arena, in the realm of national politics, in attempts to pass legislation in Congress, and through grassroots protests. To what extent did the relationship between these four elements change over time; and which is the most significant in understanding the way in which civil rights issues were considered in the United States during the late 1950s and 1960s?