The CIA and the Chilean Coup
La Moneda, Chile's presidential palace, under fire during the 1973 coup that toppled the Marxist government of Salvador Allende. The military junta that succeeded Allende, headed by Augusto Pinochet, established a record for human rights abuses that continues to haunt Chilean society, and also helped bring human rights matters to the fore in the United States.
The 1970 election of Marxist Salvador Allende (with 38% of the vote in a three-way contest) dominated the Nixon administration's approach to South America until Allende's overthrow in a US-supported 1973 coup. Tonight's class--where the reading is mostly documents--focuses on CIA involvement in two separate coup efforts. We'll also be looking at some raw intelligence the agency provided US policymakers. Please print out all primary documents and bring them to class.
|Andrew, For the Presidentís Eyes Only, pp. 350-397.|
|Thomas Powers, "Inside the Department of Dirty Tricks"|
|The CIA originates a coup plan, 1970|
|State Department-embassy cables on a Chilean coup, 1970 (read all)|
|Nixon's order for a Chilean coup|
|Henry Kissinger's Track II plan, 1970, followed by the formal implementation|
|NSC options on Chile, 1970, with firmer options desired by Kissinger|
|DCI Richard Helms on Allende, 1970|
|State Department: the junta and executions|
For more: US-Chile, more declassified documents