READING NOTES--9/20 class
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Martinez-Fernandez (sourcebook, pp.
- 109-111: read closely--good summary of the complicated
effects of the US Civil War on Caribbean politics and society.
- 111-112: skim; 113-114: how important was the ending of the slave trade?
what was its most immediate effect? should we view it as primarily a
domestic (Cuban) event or primarily an international matter?
- 115-119: skim, discusses growing political tensions with Cuba, outbreak of
- 119 (p. 206 in text): begin reading closely with pp. starting
"Meanwhile, Cuba's Ten Years' War . . ."--how do we understand the
precise role of the US in the conflict?
- 120-124: you can skim this, but you should come away from this section
with an appreciation of the bizarre nature of Dominican politics and the
reasons for the Spanish reannexation.
- 125- : read closely. Note the continuing effect of
race and the Haitian revolution; you can skim the section describing
the events of the War of Restoration until top of p. 127
- 127-129: read closely. What exactly were the "new
geopolitical realities" of which M-F speaks?
Smith (sourcebook, pp. 130-146)
|The Smith book is a general survey
of US-British relations in Latin America, from the US Civil War until
the turn of the century. The title, Illusions of Conflict,
illuminates the thesis: that while there were some heated words between
the US and the UK, in fact they had similar interests in the Western
Hemisphere. Do you agree?
First of all, how do the events in the Smith reading differ from those
that were covered in class in Thursday? What's you general take on South
American international relations in the 19th century?
- Read first three paragraphs closely--this provides a concise summary of
Smith's main points.
- 131-134--summary of Spanish-Chilean war; you can skim, but this conflict
was the first sign of Chile's brief emergence
as a hemispheric power of considerable importance.
- 134 (pg# at top is 56); PP starting with "United States mediation . .
."--read closely. Exactly what was the US role in South America at this
- 135-146: pay more attention. The War of the Pacific
is a very important war in South American history, and its effects will
linger in hemispheric international relations all the way through the 1970s.
- 136: role of Blaine (denounced in the 1884 presidential
campaign as "the continental liar from the state of Maine," surely
a scandalous attack on my home state)--how to evaluate his performance? what
was his agenda? He is a critical figure in hemispheric relations, so read
closely pp. 138-139.
- 139-141: actions of Hurlbut
and Kilpatrick--can we speak of a
"US" policy at all during this period? what do we, as historians,
do in terms of analyzing and explaining the significance of such erratic
- 141-146: can be skimmed more, provided you have a sense
of Smith's point on why British diplomacy wasn't more effective.
- by the way, what precisely did the concept of
"mediation" mean during this period?
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