Senate Open Meeting Rules (1973 and 1975, respectively), which
opened all congressional committee meetings to the public absent a
recorded vote to close them.
Campaign Act Amendments (1974 and later), which established
limitations on campaign contributions, a public financing system
for presidential elections, and an independent agency to
administer and enforce the election laws. Some provisions of this
law were invalidated by the Supreme Court in Buckley v. Valeo
(1976), which we're also reading for today.
Information Act Amendments (1974 and later), which
strengthened the Freedom of Information Act, increasing public
access to government papers.
in the Sunshine Act (1976), which mandated opening meetings of
all multi-member government agencies to the public.
Security Investigation Guidelines (1976 and later), which
restricted political intelligence-gathering activities of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Corrupt Practices Act (1977), which prohibited American
companies from bribing foreign officials, politicians, or
Ethics Code (1977 and later), which set standards of conduct
and limited congressional outside earned income, honoraria fees,
and gifts, and led to the formation of House and Senate Ethics
Government Act (1978) which required financial disclosure by
high government officials in all three branches of the federal
government, restricted contacts between former high level
executive branch employees and their former agencies, and
established a government office to monitor compliance with the
Prosecutor Provision of the Ethics in Government Act (1978 and
later), which established a mechanism for appointing independent
counsel to investigate and prosecute wrongdoing by high government
Intelligence Surveillance Act, (FISA) (1978), which regulated
electronic surveillance conducted within the United States for
foreign intelligence purposes. The interpretation of this law has
been at the heart of the dispute regarding the Bush
administration's policy of authorizing National Security Agency
wiretaps without obtaining a warrant from the special court
created by FISA.
Intelligence Authorization Act (1980), which required the
Executive Branch to keep the House and Senate Intelligence
Committees "fully and currently informed" of all U.S. intelligence
activities. This law actually was a weakening of an earlier
reform, the Hughes-Ryan amendment of 1974, which required the
Executive Branch to keep seven congressional committees informed
of all US intelligence activities. The measure's key sponsor, Iowa
senator Harold Hughes (Democrat) intended that this notification
provision would make it far less likely that the executive branch
would risk authorizing covert activities.