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DISPENSA ARTICOLI DETERMINATIVI

 

SINGOLARE E PLURALE

 

Standard rule:   words ending with O => I (usually masculine)

 

                        Words ending with A => E (usually feminine)

 

                        Words ending with E => I (either masculine or feminine)

 

 

 

ARTICOLI  DETERMINATIVI (definite articles) = THE

 

 Maschile
 

SINGOLARE IL LO / L'

 

 

IL: used in front of masculine nouns beginning with CONSONANT(S).

 

IL RAGAZZO, IL PROFESSORE, IL TRENO, IL CREDITO, IL CARDINALE

 

 

LO: used in front of masculine nouns that begin with a

·         Z

·         S+consonant

 

(Also in front of words beginning with  PS – PN – GN)

 

·        LO ZUCCHERO, LO ZERO, LO STADIO, LO SGARBO, LO SPAZIO,

(LO PSICOLOGO, LO PNEUMATICO, LO GNOMO)

 

In front of words that begin with a vowel, > LO < drops the  > O <  and becomes  > L' <
 

·        L’ AMICO – L’UOMO – L’ITALIANO – L’OROLOGIO – L’ESPERTO

(originally the article is LO but in front of the vowel we have the usual contraction)



 

 

PLURALE

 

I

GLI



Scroll back up, make plural of masculine words and use the correct article.

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Femminile

  SINGOLARE

LA /  L’

 

 

 

LA :     in front of feminine words beginning with CONSONANT

LA MAMMA, LA FAMIGLIA, LA CLASSE, LA LEZIONE, LA STRADA, LA ZEBRA
LA CLASSE, LA STAZIONE, LA ZUCCHERIERA, LA PSICOLOGA.

 


In front of words that begin with a vowel, >LA< drops the  >  A<  and becomes  > L' <

L’IDEA, L’AMICA, L’ORA, L’UVA, L’ELEZIONE

 


 

  PLURALE

LE

 
Scroll back up, make plural of masculine words and use the correct article.

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HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

DO NOT COPY & PASTE.

Re-write each word with the singular article in front.
 

Rewrite the list with the article and word in the PLURAL FORM

Finally, rewrite the list with the TRANSLATION (see course webpage: register with the GARZANTI online dictionary)

 

The plural form of IL is I.

 

The plural form of LO is GLI

 

The plural form of LA is LE.

 

 

Complete with the definite article

 

SINGULAR

PLURALE

 

Chiesa

Ufficio

Stazione

Universita'

Affresco

Parco

Caffe'

Zoo

Automobile

Amico

Amica

Studio

Treno

Banca

Negozio

Ristorante

Scuola

Studente

Zucchero

Zaino

Zero