|PASSATO PROSSIMO FILES
1) Formation of PASSATO PROSSIMO - ARE VERBS youtube lesson
2) PASSATO PROSSIMO -- ERE, IRE VERBS youtube lesson
This tense is used to describe or narrate events that took place in the past.
Present tense of AVERE + past participle of the main verb
IO HO + LAVATO
(I WASHED MY CAR: io ho lavato la mia macchina)
|THE PAST IN ENGLISH
I EAT is present tense
I ATE preterit
I HAVE EATEN present perfect
|The present perfect is composed of:
PRESENT TENSE OF "TO HAVE" + the PAST PARTICIPLE of the verb
The STRUCTURE of PASSATO PROSSIMO is similar to the PRESENT PERFECT in English.
MANGIARE = IO HO
MANGIATO is the PAST PARTICIPLE of MANGIARE
|HO is the present tense of AVERE*
MANGIATO is the Past Participle of MANGIARE
FORMATION OF PASSATO PROSSIMO
In a nutshell, the PASSATO PROSSIMO is formed with the
Present tense of AVERE + the Past Participle of the main VERB.
io ho mangiato
tu hai mangiato
lui / lei ha mangiato
noi abbiamo mangiato
voi avete mangiato
loro hanno mangiato
WIth verbs that require "AVERE" the past participle DOES NOT CHANGE
What is the past participle?
In English it is the form of the verb in COMPOUND TENSES (tenses that are composed of TO HAVE and Past Participle):
I have touched, you have pushed, we have gone, they have made, you have bought etc.
Also: I HAD + past participle
FORMATION OF PAST PARTICIPLE IN ITALIAN
ARE verbs =>
potere > potuto,
* We are dealing for the moment only with verbs
that take AVERE as
auxiliary. These verbs are called TRANSITIVE VERBS.
We will see later a second class of verbs that require ESSERE.
They are called INTRANSITIVE verbs
Translate with the Passato Prossimo
|You bought a green book. COMPRARE|
|We lived in Rome. ABITARE|
|They have eaten pizza. MANGIARE|
|She brought home her fiance'. PORTARE|
|They have seen that movie three times. VEDERE|
|Did you talk to Luisa? PARLARE|
|What did you think? PENSARE|
|He did not answered my question . RISPONDERE - DIRE|
|Did you finish your work? FINIRE|
|Questa mattina io MANGIARE yogurt e granola.|
|Ieri sera mia figlia non FINIRE il compito|
|In dicembre la mia famiglia PASSARE una vacanza in Italia|
|Hanno COMPRARE un'auto nuova|
|Ieri gli studenti STUDIARE in biblioteca.|
|Voi IMPARARE il passato prossimo?|
|Tu CAPIRE la grammatica?|
|Chi SCRIVERE "La Divina Commedia?"|