This headline covered two articles, both of which follow
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April 17, 1935, Pages 1, 3
4,000 IN BROOKLYN STRIKE AGAINST WAR;
150,000 STUDENTS IN U.S. DEMONSTRATE
Brooklyn, Seth Low and L.I.U.
March to City Park
In Heavy Drizzle
FRANK OLMSTEAD TALKS
Speakers Emphasize Necessity
For Student Activity
On Vital Issues
In spite of the heavy drizzle
Friday, four thousand representatives of Brooklyn College, Long Island
University, Seth Low Junior College, and Pratt Institute marched to
City Park as a protest against war and fascism. By far the largest
representation came from Brooklyn College.
Because of the rain
and the exposed condition of the meeting place, the speeches were
shortened, thus reducing the expected three hour strike to an hour and
a half. Students left the College at eleven a.m, and returned at 12:30
p.m. The same orderliness that prevailed in last year's strike was
apparent this year.
Speaking at City
Park were Frank Olmstead, national secretary of the Y.M.C.A., Dr.
Theodore Bremeld, instructor of philosophy at Long Island University;
Edward Billet and I. J. Selikoff of Seth Low Junior College; and Chris
Jonassen, Nelson Seitel, and Sylvia Wener of Brooklyn College.
"We students have
nothing to gain by war; we have our lives, limbs, and futures to lose,"
said Sol Modell, executive secretary of the Brooklyn chapter of the
National Student League, in presenting the speakers at City Park, Most
of these speakers urged student alliance with larger movements against
The World War, Mr.
Olmstead, guest speaker said, demonstrated the futility of war, leading
as it did to friction, dictatorships, and wasted men and women, instead
of preserving democracy. "Once patriotism and war were synonomous," Mr.
Olmstead said; "now there is a new patriotism." "Either we must destroy
war, or war will destroy civilization." As an active protest in case of
war, Mr. Olmstead urged the general strike, rather than violent means.
The brotherhood of man and the spiritual approach, he insisted, are the
important actors among men.
Bremeld. instructor at Long Island University, supported the
desirability of student opinion on war. "Students should no longer be
regarded as young children," he said, "but as young adults. As adults
they should be allowed to express their opinion on fighting."
stressed the importance of spreading anti-war efforts beyond the annual
peace strike. Nelson Seitel, editor of Pioneer, said, "We are
not going to stop war merely by coming together once a year. We must
talk pacifism, spread the message, build a great psychology against
president of the Student Christian Association, urged the spreading of
peace through a constant repetition of the phrase, "No war." He stated
that "War is against all principles of Christianity," and lauded the
demonstration as "a magnificent gesture against war."
representing Seth Low Junior College, maintained that it is important
to draw all elements into the anti-war movement, conservative and
liberal as well as radical. I. Selikoff, the other representative of
Seth Low, stressed opposition in the Hearst papers as the most
important force in America driving toward war.
Students left the
college al the end of the second hour, formed in line outside the
buildings, marched four abreast, and approached City Park from two
routes. Brooklyn College banners carried such inscriptions as Fight
Against Imperialist War, Schools, Not Battleships, Brooklyn College
Strikes Against War and Fascism.
April 17, 1935, pages 1, 3
15,000 New York High School
and College Students
4,000 MEET AT COLUMBIA
Many Out of Town Colleges
Hold Meetings With
One hundred fifty thousand
students from universities, colleges, and high schools throughout the
country left their classrooms Friday at 11 o'clock to participate in a
militant strike against war and fascism, in response to a call issued
by the National Student Strike committee.
conducted by thousands of students in New York City, despite the cold
and the steady rain. Most of the larger mass meetings were held
indoors, however. At Columbia University–more than 4,000 students
poured into the gymnasium at 11 o'clock for the mass meeting,
disregarding President Nicholas Murray Butler's disapproval. Heywood
Broun, Roger N. Baldwin, and Professor John Hammond Randall addressed
the assembled students
at Columbia terminated at 12:45 with the adoption of a resolution
authorizing the sending of two telegrams to President Roosevelt, one
demanding the allotment of more money for educational purposes and less
for military strength, the other requesting, as a means of guiding the
voters, that the President publicly explain why the appropriation for
the army and navy has been increased at all.
At City College
3,500 students gathered in the Great Hall, where they were addressed by
James W. Wise, former editor of Opinion.
After watching the
500 girls who walked out of the building at 11 o'clock, President
Eugene A. Colligan of Hunter College ordered the building
superintendent to heat several rooms to normal so that they could have
a place to dry in when they returned. Dr. Colligan said that he would
not discipline the girls, although he disapproved of the strike.
strikers from the Washington Square College of New York University
filled the Judson Memorial Church, and 600 more held an outdoor
demonstration in Washington Square.
Accordiug to the
Columbia .Spectator, the demonstration at that university had
the endorsement of seventy-seven faculty members , drawn from all
colleges and schools. The entire student body of Sarah Lawrence
College, 250 in all, left their classes and went to a meeting where
they were addressed by Miss Constance Warren, dean of the college, and
two members of the faulty.
Junior College all the seventy-seven students joined in the mass
demonstration against war.
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May 20, 2004