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April 20, 1934, Pages 1, 3



            Students throughout the country participated in a nation-wide strike against war last Friday, and mass demonstrations were the order of the day. At City College, Harvard, and John Hopkins, disorders were rife while Columbia, New York University, Brooklyn College, and other institutions enjoyed peaceful meetings.

            In New York City alone, some 15,000 students walked out of their 11 o'clock classes, convened in campus demonstrations and listened to speakers. At City College, students were refused permission to hold their Anti-War meeting by Dean Morton D. Gottschall, and, gathering about the flagpole on the campus, were prevented by police interference from having speakers. Dean Gottschall and Dr. Frederick Woll, head of the Hygiene Department, went to the campus and urged the students to disperse After the meeting Dean Gottschall said that he had taken the names of half a dozen students, against whom he would bring disciplinary action for disobedience. He added that college regulations do not permit meetings on the campus, and it was announced later that those who cut classes would be marked .absent.

            At Columbia, two thousand students turned out for the pacifist demonstration, while some hundred listened to a counter demonstration in favor of war, held by Eugene S.Daniell, Jr. the young Boston lawyer recently convicted for putting tear-gas bombs in the New York Stock Exchange. Verbal disturbances resulted between the two groups.

            The anti-war meting proceeded without any opposition from the Columbia authorities, some classes being excused so that students could participate. Six members of the faculty addressed the students, and resolutions condemning the C.C.N.Y. and Hunter authorities for trying to prevent the anti-war demonstrations, were adopted.

            About 300 students of Hunter attended the demonstration in front of their building, adopting a resolution upbraiding president Eugene A. Colligan for his lack of cooperation and his attempt to call a halt to the demonstration.

            Harvard was the scene of a veritable barrage of eggs, oranges, lemons, grapefruits and onions, when, at 11 o'clock, Kellogg Phillbrick, a junior, and executive secretary of the National Student League, opened the meeting. A student, dressed as a Boy Scout and carrying a bugle, introduced the pro-war element and interrupted the speaker at every turn.

            Yale students heard Norman Thomas, Socialist Candidate for President in 1932, and Corliss Lamont. Mr. Thomas urged the students to adopt the motto "We will not again be herded into war."

            President Henry N. MacCracken, together with trustees, faculty and students of Vassar College, marched through the streets of Poughkeepsie in the first public demonstration since 1917, at which time they had favored war.

            Four hundred students of Williams College heard President Harry A. Garfield, Dr. Colston E. Warne of Amherst, and Carl Rogers, '34 speak against war.

            The students at Wellesley, because the administration and faculty arc in sympathy with their peace movement, held an anti-war meeting after classes and listened to both students and faculty members.

            Riot at Amherst was caused by a parade through the town of the R.O.T.C. of the Mass. State Regiment and the Amherst and Smith anti-war enthusiasts. State students seized placards and threw firecrackers and a general melee ensued.

            Syracuse students listened quietly to anti-war war speeches for an hour, while hundreds of non-sympathetic students at John Hopkins University turned on a fire hose and it hurled eggs and fruit at anti-war speakers.

          DECRY WAR

            More than 4,000 students of Brooklyn College, Seth Low Junior College and Long Island University left their classes shortly after 11 on Friday and marched to Tillary and Pearl Streets, where they were addressed by several students who urged the abolition of war. The Brooklyn demonstration was part of a nation wide movement by students of colleges and high schools throughout the country protesting against war.

            Deputy Chief Edward A. Bracken, in charge of the two hundred mounted patrolmen and police stationed along the line of march from Pearl and Willoughby streets and throughout the Bono Hall section, declared that the march and demonstration was "the most orderly and quietest demonstration I have ever seen."

            President William A. Boylan, who has consistently opposed the strike as being inimicable to the best interests of the college because of the unfavorable notoriety it might receive, would not comment on the strike, but he added that those students who had "cut" their third hour classes would be "simply marked absent until the faculty would take up the matter for further consideration."

            The march began about eleven o'clock when 100 students from Seth Low Junior College, led by Robert Burton, Irving Selinkoff, who are members of the Columbia University Committee against war, joined the groups leaving various buildings of Brooklyn College who were proceeding to the meeting. Sylvia Wener, chairman of the Peace Committee of the Women's Division and Henry Aron, president of the Student Council of the Men's division led the parade from the Willoughby street building. Esther Diamond and Joseph Cohen led the Lawrence street group; Abraham Weiss and Helen Pollack the Pearl Street branch; Mildred Solomon president of the upper senior class, and Alex Retzkin, vice-president of the Men's division Student Council, the Joralemon building, Helen Friedland president of Inter-Club Council, and Harold Draper the Court Street group.

            Most of the students were from Brooklyn College and classes here were practically empty, with skeleton groups present here and there throughout the five buildings.

            The line of march extended up Willoughby Street, right turn at Adams Street, through Myrtle Avenue, turned right on Washington Street and then turned right again at Tillary Street where it continued to Pearl Street where a platform had been set up by the anti-war group at Long Island University. Permission to hold the demonstration on the enclosed space adjoining Long Island University had met with refusal by Tristram, W. Metcalf, Dean of Long Island University.

            Student speakers from that institution addressed the 150 men, and women assembled at the corner and denounced war as a dastardly crime. Abraham Averbach, Theodore Miller, and Wolf G Weber


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May 20, 2004