February 15, 1935, Page 1
"RACIAL PREJUDICE IS CAUSE OF WAR,"
SAYS DR. T.J. JONES AT SENIOR CHAPEL
"Race prejudice is extremely
general and insidious; it is a part of the whole economy of the human
race and one of the fundamental and most potent causes of war," said
Dr. Thomas Jesse Jones, Educational director of the Phelps-Stokes Fund
and author of several books on the Negro question. Dr. Jones addressed
the upper class assembly on Inter-racial Cooperation and
Self-Determination Wednesday, February 13, at the Church of the
"Negroes constitute one tenth of our
population," added Dr. Jones. "They are an integral part of our lives,
therefore, and we dare not overlook them. The American people, however,
are not as much interested in this problem as they should be."
According to Dr. Jones, the Negroes have
achieved progress because of perseverance and their own inherent
qualities. The American people, too, have contributed, for under the
stimulus of American ideals, the Negro has realized his own capacities.
In describing the
progress made by the Negro during the last seventy years, the speaker
noted that the number of colored high school and college students has
increased ten times within the past seventeen years." And although
Negro artists, sculptors, dramatists, writers, and doctors are
contributing their share to the progress of the colored race," declared
Dr. Jones, "I wish to point out that the most real, fundamental, and
important progress made by the Negro is shown by land tenure."
"At the end of the
Civil War," Dr. Jones continued, "all Negroes were laborers. Gradually
they became renters, and now seventy per cent of the Negro farmers own
their own pieces of land. I consider this increase in land tenure more
important than cultural progress because it deals with that most
permanent and precious of the physical resources necessary for the
preservation of life–the soil."
"Africans have not,
as a whole, attained a high civilization; they are somewhere back in
the primitive. But this is no disgrace, for where were our ancestors a
few hundred years ago? They, like all people of the world, have
undergone and are undergoing evolution," asserted Dr. Jones, who has
been studying inter-racial cooperation in both the United States and
Africa for the last thirty years. "There must be integration and
cooperation between the black and white races," he concluded.
The Choral Club, under the direction of
the Music department, opened the program by singing Negro spirituals.
The speaker was introduced by Dean Adele Bildersee.
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