March 1, 1935, Pages 1, 5
War Appropriations Increase
House Votes $343,603 Increase
For ROTC, CMTC After
Five Day Debate
DECRY WAR TRAINING
Supreme Court Decision Makes
Training of Youth Correct,
Rep. McCormack Holds
In spite of the vigorous
efforts by the opposition, the War department appropriations bill
passed the House of Representatives with extensive provisions for
endowment of military training institutions.
The appropriations bill, calling for one
of the largest annual expenditures for strictly military purposes in
America's peace-time history, was passed by the Lower House on February
22. The bill, was adopted by the House after five days of debate,
appropriated $375,734,449 for the department for the fiscal year 1936.
according to the New York Times of February 23. Of this amount,
$315,699,495 are to he used strictly for military purposes according to
the Appropriations Committee.
Representative Marcantonio of New York, who proposed to strike from the
bill an appropriation of $3,45.3,600 for grants to colleges for
military training. It was proposed that no aid be made available to
institutions where such training was compulsory.
The amendment was voted down by a vote
of 119 to 31 after two hours of debate that followed a stirring address
by Mr. Marcantonio. The issue, he told the House was "whether the
liberties of youth are to be abolished." The amendment was described as
"an attempt to prevent goose-stepping" in institutions of higher
Knute Hill of Washington came to the aid of the New Yorker and won
applause from the floor and gallery by his assertion that compulsory
military training in schools and colleges was an intolerable
interference with religious scruples.
It simply put the
world on notice that we're preparing for war," the Times quotes
him as saying. "When a man goes out without a fishing pole under his
arm, we know he's not going to church, even if it happens to be Sunday
military training is such good discipline for our young men, why don't
they give it to the young girls?" Several members sprang to their feet
to answer him, but he refused to yield.
Representative O'Malley of Wisconsin
demanded that Congress protest against inducing compulsory military
training by employing government financial aid as "bait."
Ramspeck of Georgia and McCormack of Massachusetts attacked the
proposed amendment, the former asserting that the availability of
Federal aid did not compel any school to adopt compulsory military
Mr. McCormack pointed out that the
justice of compulsory military training had .already been established
by the Supreme Court and that there was no room for the theoretical
when the practical question of equipping the young for defense of their
country was involved.
Mr. Ramspeck later
offered an amendment to increase from $1,000,000 to $2,600,000 the
appropriation for Citizens: Military Training Camps. The proposal,
however, was defeated by a vole of 68 to 22.
The bill proposed
an expenditure of $4,401.204, for citizens' military training,
including ROTC, schools and colleges and CMTC. This is $343,603 more
than was :appropriated this year.
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