March 23, 1934, Pages 1, 3
DISSCUSS REASONS AND APOLOGIES FOR WAR;
DR. WOLFSON EXPLAINS ECONOMIC ASPECTS;
DR. SLOCHOWER STRESSES
Faculty at Soph Chap Say
War Can Be Avoided;
That war is
not inevitable, and that public opinion and the opinion of college
students must be aroused to the issues which mean life or death to
civilization, was emphasized by Dr. Theresa Wolfson-Goldston of the
Economics Department and Dr. Harry A. Slochower of the German
Department in their respective addresses on Economic Factors to Be
Considered in Averting War and Cultural Apologies for War at the
middle class chapel Wednesday.
Bildersee first pointed out that hatred of war and love of peace are
not enough–we must have an understanding of the factors involved in
war; to accomplish this enlightenment, she said, the assembly program
had been planned.
discussing the economic factors that cause war, said, "One of the first
factors responsible for war is the economic structure of a society. In
an industrial society the economic structure depends upon mass
production, markets and profits. The need for markets, for the sinews
of industrialism: coal, iron, steel, may be responsible for war." Dr.
Wolfson explained that since the economic needs of our society make for
internationalism, the political needs make for disunion. The economic
interests of all employers and capitalists are not alike: some have
much to lose by war, others much to gain; it is to the interest of some
to foster political loyalties, for others to foster international
By means of
illustration, Dr. Wolfson discussed the International Steel Entente.
This, one of the most powerful steel cartels in the world, is so
organized that in the event of war it will stand to gain, no matter
where the war occurs.
information brought to light in the March issue of the Fortune
Magazine, stating that it costs $25,000 to kill a man in wartime.
Germany at present has an $80,000,000 armament bill, though Germany is
not supposed to arm. The Krupp people, leading munitions manufacturers
of Germany, are powerful in the International Steel Entente.
The United States'
annual armament hill is $200,000,000, that of England is $100,000,000,
and that of France is $300,000,000. All these firms have direct
negotiations with the Entente. Since the International Steel Entente
gains as a result of war regardless of the political lineups, it makes
Continued on page 3
it its business too so officiate that seeds of distrust and a state of
nerves are created at peace meetings.
In Germany, the
Nazi's regime and the Hitler election were brought about by an alliance
between the armament groups of Germany, France and Czechoslovakia; they
contributed to the election funds of Hitler because they were concerned
with the economic and political crises that might result from the
creation of a state of nerves about war. Such a state of nerves is
being deliberately created by; newspaper propaganda.
concluded: "If you can control your economic structure you will perhaps
be able to avert war. If you make industries that profit from war
unprofitable, you are in a position to avert war."
emphasized the inapplicability of physical and metaphysical reasons to
causes of war. "Causes of war lie in the social and economic conditions
about us," he said. He mocked the new racial theory that war is good
because it eliminates the inferior race in the struggle for existence,
saying, "If war is good, whom is it good for? For those who are killed,
for those who are maimed and wounded? Does the bullet say, ‘I must not
kill a man who is healthy and of a good race?' The reverse is true, for
the young and healthy are killed, while those who return are brutalized
and morally debased."
Dr. Slochower said
in conclusion, "The opinion of college students has at last been
awakened to a thinking about problems confronting them, to a thinking
about the vital present-day issues, which usually mean nothing less
than life and death to all of us."
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