March 8, 1935, Pages 1, 4
Says NEA Meeting
Has Not Hindered
Professor Counts Of Columbia
Refers To Liberality Of
SCORES COCHRAN BILL
Points Out Significance In Defeat
Of Resolution Favoring
"The recent conference of the
Department of Superintendence of the National Education Association at
Atlantic City has certainly not hindered the fight for academic freedom
or the anti-Hearst campaign;' said Dr. George S. Counts of Teachers
College, Columbia University, in an interview with a Spotlight
reporter Wednesday. Professor Counts was styled by the Hearst press as
the "foremost communistic propagandist in the country."
"In fact," he continued,
"this group, which is the most reactionary group of educators in the
country has never been so liberal. It reaffirmed its belief in the
principle of academic freedom for all workers in education," and
favored "study of the problems of academic freedom."
J. Chester Cochran of San
Antonio, Texas introduced a resolution in favor of the Hearst press
which was defeated in the resolutions committee. "Mr. Hearst
undoubtedly expected that resolution to be passed," said Dr. Counts,
"and although anti-Hearst censure was abandoned by the militant group,
the fact that no pro-Hearst motion was passed is significant."
Mr. Cochran. who said there
was a Hearst newspaper in his town, declared that there had been
academic freedom as long as they were not radical.
Senator Gerald P. Nye,
chairman of the Senate munitions Investigating Committee, announced
last Friday that his committee would make no inquiry into the
activities of the Hearst press, as requested by the educators in
session at Atlantic City.
There is no reason to
question the motives of Mr. Hearst just because he advocates
preparedness," Senator Nye declared, according to the World Telegram
of February 28. Dr. Counts said, however, that it is probable that some
evidence will be placed before Senator Nye which will compel him to
The Social Frontier
group, headed by Professor Counts and Dr. Charles A. Beard, attempted
to commit the convention to a resolution to give financial and legal
support to teaches "inquiring into the causes of national distress."
The defeat of the resolution caused Heywood Broun to say, "I was
shocked to the end of my toes as I sat here this morning and heard the
superintendents refuse to go on record in favor of fighting for
Dr. A.J. Stoddard, new
president of the Department of Superintendence of the National
Education Association, spoke against indoctrination of pupils. He said,
"We want the boys of America to be able to tell the boys and girls the
facts in connection with the problems of society as far as it is
humanly possible to determine these problems. We want the teachers
protected in the presentation of those facts. But I don't believe any
educator directly connected with learning on the part of children
should be allowed deliberately to indoctrinate those children in
accordance with his own peculiar opinions of some subject."
The convention adopted
resolutions requesting an appropriation for the PWA to provide work and
education for unemployed youth, continuance of Federal emergency help
to distressed school districts, and a national survey to establish the
need of permanent Federal aid to schools.
Abolition of child labor,
an end to profits in war, and better motion pictures were also urged at
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May 20, 2004