November 15, 1935, pages 1, 3
4,000 BROOKLYN STUDENTS AND TEACHERS JOIN
PEACE MOBILIZATION IN BOROUGH HALL PARK:
HALF MILLION THROUGHOUT U.S. DEMONSTRATE
This headline covered two articles. The
first of the two articles appears below.
Assemblage Adopts Resolution
Expressing Opposition To
All Imperialistic War
MR. F. KILCOYNE SPEAKS
Precedent Broken As President
Of Association Announces
students and faculty members proclaimed their opposition to war at
Borough Hall last Friday in the first peace mobilization in Brooklyn
College ever to receive the sanction of President William A. Boylan.
All classes were called off from 11 to 12 o'clock while the
mobilization, sponsored by the broadest united front ever established
in the College, took place.
resolution was unanimously adopted at the demonstration:
in the cause of peace, to hereby resolve that we are unalterably
opposed to imperialist war and that we will devote our energies and
united strength to prevent war."
Led by a radio
police car and a fifteen foot banner declaring "Scholarships, not
battleships," the 4,000 students left the college buildings at the end
of the second hour and marched to Borough Hall, carrying placards and
chanting slogans. In the park the bugle call of taps was sounded in
memory of those who died in the World War while the assembly bowed
From a speaker's
stand, which had been erected on the steps of the Municipal building,
Eli Jaffe, editor of Pioneer and chairman of the Peace
Mobilization spoke to the assemblage on the necessity of uniting every
sincere friend of peace in the anti-war movement.
president of Men's Student Council, reviewed some of the horrors of
(Continued on page 3)
the last war. Herbert Aptheker, representative of the Student
Council of Seth Low, cautioned students against believing various sham
explanations for war, saying that "the fundamental cause of war is
economic, and everything else is but a superficial result of the profit
Mr. Francis P.
Kilcoyne, representative of the Association of Instructors, Tutors and
Fellows, stated that he was present to attend "what the President of
the College has approved, a demonstration in 'a becoming manner in
favor of world peace.'"
"If justice and
charity are more than inert words," said Mr. Kilcoyne, "we may say that
justice demands that a state promote peace for the sake of its own
constituents, and charity obliges it to work for the same end for the
welfare both of itself and of other nations."
Mr. Kilcoyne stated
that he did not countenance the controversial. issues of the
mobilization, the submission of the assemblage to the Oxford Pledge, or
the furtherance of any of the "isms." Rather he hoped that the cause of
peace would be furthered by education and restrained patriotism.
"If the majority of
people are educated to overcome the lazy assumption that peace can not
be established and secured; and will act on that belief, peace will be
established and secured."
President Roosevelt in his neutrality legislation was urged by Mr.
Kilcoyne. "Let its work intelligently and calmly to the end that
neither we nor other peoples be plunged into slaughter, ruin and
extermination," he concluded.
The headline above the preceding article
covered two articles. The second of the two articles appears below.
Dr. Robinson Officiates At City
College Assembly; Students
Cheer Oxford Pledge
20,000 MOBILIZE IN CITY
500 Boston University R.O.T.C.
Members join in Nation-
college and high school students throughout the country joined in the
nationwide mobilization for Peace on November 8. This peace
demonstration was the first to gain official recognition as well as
actual faculty support.
suspended for one hour, 20,000 college students in New York City
assembled to hear prominent student and faculty .speakers voice their
sentiments against war. With one exception occurring at City College
where students, contrary to the order of President Frederick B.
Robinson, cheered in support of the Oxford Oath, the meetings in the
city were thoroughly controlled..
When Dr. Robinson,
acting as chairman of the City College meeting, attended by 3,500
students, called the Oxford Pledge "unconstitutional and illegal," he
was greeted by a concert of boos and hisses.
student president, disregarded Dr. Robinson's warning that his time was
up and introduced the Oxford Pledge by saying, "While we are not at the
present time offering a resolution (on the pledge) I believe it should
be pondered in the hearts of all the students here." He then read the
pledge: "We will refuse to support the government of the United !States
in any war it may undertake." The statement was followed by five
minutes of cheering by the students.
(Continued on page 3)
Because the speakers,
among whom were Charles H. Tuttle of the Board of Higher Education, and
Dean Paul Mapper, had not completed their addresses, Dr. Robinson
extended the time set for the mobiliza
n. On the South Field
of Columbia University, more than 2,000 students massed to hear Dean
Herbert E. Hawker of Columbia College and Professor Harry J Carmer,
head of the History department.
Both urged that the
anti-war gospel be spread and that each individual of social, personal,
or political influence should try to stem the tide toward war.
An earlier meeting at
Columbia took place at Teachers' College where Dean William F. Russell
declared before an audience of 700 students, "I see no conflict between
red hot patriotism for our own country and the program for
international peace. What I do address you as opposing is international
war for the sake of munitions makers and politicians."
At Hunter College
President Eugene A Colligan opened a meeting attended by about 1,500
students by asking them to approach the maintenance of peace with
tolerance and a determination to find the, truth.
The speech of
Chancellor Harry Woodburn Chase, who was unable to address the group,
was read to about 4,200 students at the Washington Square branch of New
York University. In it Dr. Chase declared that "peace is not effective
when it attempts to bind youth not to support their Country in war."
About 500 Boston
University students in R O.T.C. uniforms joined the 2,000 students who
participated in the mobilization there, Lieut. Col. William A. Ganoe,
head of the department of Military Science an Tactics, took
responsibility for the appearance of the battalion which carried a
placard stating: "The soldier, the outstanding pacifist of Untied
Chapel Hlls, North
Carolina, Dana College, New Jersey, and Ohio State University were
among the schools that took part in the nation-wide mobilization for
N.S.L. Delegate Speaks
executive secretary of the National Student League of Brooklyn College,
hailed the mobilization because "the National Student League realizes
that the united front is the most potent force in the struggle for
peace." Although the N.S.L. does not favor neutrality, believing that
Italy is definitely the aggressor in Ethiopia, and does favor the
Oxford Pledge, they have not allowed these to be splitting issues in
the mobilization," the speaker said. Calling official recognition of
the demonstration an evidence of the strength of united action;. Mr.
Rifken urged the students to continue to work with the united front
committee for the establishment of a National Student Congress Against
Jonassen Speaks for S.C.A.
former president of the Student Christian Association, declared that no
Christian can condone the violence of war. "Let those who would lead us
to war remember the 52,000 Americans who died in vain in the World War.
Let the cry of ‘No war!' pound in the ears of our people," concluded
member of the New York City Executive committee of the Student League
for Industrial Democracy, declared that since the united States is a
capitalist country, all wars that she may participate in would be
imperialistic ones. "I am not opposed to war as such," concluded Mr.
Retzkin, "but to the furtherance of imperialistic interests at the
expense of the lives of millions of workers."
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