November 1, 1935, Pages 4, 5
College Editors Sound Warnings
In Editorials Denouncing War
War Has Been More Popular Subject for Editorials, Associate
Collegiate Press Says in Survey of College Paper;
Universal Campus Opposition
of War Shown
Armed with a
complete understanding of the origins of war. and of the methods used
to embroil the United! States in the last war, American college editors
are giving notice that they will not be so easily led into the rah-rah
jingoism in the event of future conflict.
Probably no news
event of the last few years has received the attention being given the
Italo-Ethiopian dispute by the college press, an account made by the
Associated Collegiate Press allows that denunciation of war has been
the No. I subject for editorial comment for the past several weeks.
Stress War's Insensibility
Italian-Ethiopian conflict well under way and war and devastation
following in the wake of the Italian advance," says The Brown Daily
Herald, "it is noticeable that as yet there has been little propaganda
in the way of pictures, feature articles and editorials which are aimed
at turning American opinion and emotions one way or the other.
early for such an affair, there are no posters showing mothers with
babes at their breasts being stabbed by bayonets or any of the similar
rot which was prevalent during the early stages of the World War. For
this we are thankful." At the same time there are . . . editorials and
radio programs devoted to instructing the populace to the insensibility
of the United States entangling itself in the conflict by careless
relations with the belligerent nations. The saneness of this policy is
not challenged by anyone but the militarists."
similar to that of the sinking of the Lusitania, says the Butler
Collegian, "might set off the highly inflammable powder keg which is
the United States ... citizens would become incensed and the agencies
that fan the fear spirit would get in their work. Into the army would
go the youth of the nation, many thousands of them college students . .
. The "cream of the crop" would go into service. not realizing that the
toll of war I in poverty and living torture."
We Know About War"
College Rambler poses a question: "Are you ready to go away to war, you
are willing to grab a flag, succumb to the hysteria of band-playing and
marching feet, and die on a distant battle field. a 'hero' who gave his
life for a 'glorious' cause?
"Neither am I.
"We know about War,
you and I. We have not been taught that war is glorious and that to die
for one's country should be the dream of every citizen. We have not
been led by a dictator who most show his power to keep his position. We
have not been imbued with a warlike spirit in our schools, in our
churches, and in our homes. We know about War, you and I.."
"You can't get
people to fight until you make them want to fight," says the Rice
Thresher, Rice Institute publication, "and you can't make them want to
fight until they are hypnotized with brass hands and oratory and
drugged with copious injections of propaganda . . behind a great war is
a great mesmerist."
From Sympathy to War
There is a tendency
for the American public to favor the under dog, the Cauldron, Fenn
College (Ohio) student paper points out, and from sympathy for Ethiopia
to hatred for Italy is only a little
(Continued on page 5)
step. "From righteous indignation to violent condemnation is but a
step! From violent. condemnation to war hysteria is still less!"
"II Duce has chosen
Ethiopia for the opening of his fascinating production entitled, 'Death
to All,' but like all fast moving productions this one will require a
change of scene,'"says the Drexel Triangle. "More than likely it will
envelop all of Europe"
Will Remember the U.S.
will recall the existence of the United States. This will be the signal
for the propagandist to take the stage and momentarily steal the show.
Having uttered a series of meaningless platitudes the propagandist will
drop them from view . . . this simple task will have been completed and
cannon fodder . . . will have been provided. Our excuse for entering
the war will be to make America safe for something or someone. The true
reason will be to protect large American interests."
"In 1911 our
relationship and attitude toward tire militarists of Central Europe did
not differ greatly from those of today," says the Middlebury Campus.
"It is true that munitions makers have been highly publicized in recent
months and that an embargo on the shipment of arms and munitions to
belligerent nations has been established . . But exporters are prepared
to continue shipments, crying that they MAY demand cash in payment.
Rankers are mumbling that MAYBE they will not lend much money abroad in
this crisis ... For meagre profits on goods exported to Italy which
annually are valued at only 65 million dollars, and for the, few
pennies of usury collected by our money-changers, the United States
must risk grave danger becoming embroiled in another destructive and
costly major war."
"Wait and see,"
counsels another student writer. "Wait and see. War will come again to
our country. War-crazed breasts will beat the drums of hale; profit:
mad capitalists will shriek for the blood of the enemy; damnable lies
and filth will he broadcast by organized propaganda agencies; the press
will join in the maniacal furor; special interests will seize upon the
radio to drench the air with outraged indignant demands; the wealthy
class will make a great show of patriotism as it forces the millions of
under-dogs to don uniforms and shoulder arms in the name of 'God, hone
and country', the. weak-willed millions will again succumb to the mad
hysteria of war, and, in a blazing crescendo of hate, another country
plunges forth on the headlong rush down the mad road to am and
Sounds Cheerful Note
Spectator, however, sounds a more cheerful note. "The American anti-war
movement was never stronger than it is today," says a Spectator
editorial. "And . . its pressure is being felt in Washington. Still, a
further revitalization of the student anti-war movement, around this
and other issues, forced upon the American people by the constant
threat of another world catastrophe, remains an urgent necessity."
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May 20, 2004