November 22, 1935, Page 4
Young Germans Learn Obedience
To Fuehrer in Militarized Camps
Editor of Yale News Finds Dull Spirit Among Hitler Youth;
Bodies Made Srong and Healtahy in Order That
There May Be Cannon Fodder,
Editor's Note: Written for the Spotlight and the
Associated Collegiate Press by Jonathan B. Bingham, chairman of the
Yale, Daily News.
Nearly ten years
ago, in the hey-day of the German youth movements, a small organization
was started devoted to Hitler's brown-shirt Fascist party. Today every
other movement is suppressed, and the Hitler Jugend claims 5,000,000
members who are being trained in mind, spirit and body to follow the
Fuehrer unquestioningly and to have the strength to do his will.
headquarters in Berlin, under the directions of Baldur von Shirach, who
has been the leader since the beginning; the organization descends in a
perfect regional hierarchy to the local village and town groups. As in
Italy, the units are organized along military lines, and the whole
movement is divided into four parts, the Hitler-Jugend proper, boys
from 14-18, the Young Folk, boys from 10-14, and girls of the same
ages. Smart as soldiers in their brown shirts, black ties and little
Sam Brown belts, they are to be seen everywhere, marching through
towns, bicycling along highways, and drilling by the thousand in the
big summer camps.
makes no attempt to offer artistic or technical training. Its sole
expressed purpose is the teaching Nazi Philosophy, of discipline, of
obedience, and the building up of good strong bodies.
To the first of
these ends alone is devoted the principal activity of the
Hitler-Jugend, the nation-wide weekly meeting. On Wednesday night, at
two different hours for the younger and older children, the local
groups assemble all over the country in !their various club-rooms or
The meeting starts
off with a broadcast from headquarters and then proceeds according to
directions sent to each leader from the "spiritual department" in
Berlin. There will be Nazi songs to learn (the words of which the
authorities are reluctant to release), some history studied, something
read aloud, a discussion, and the inevitable teaching of Nazi
To accomplish the
same purpose and to give a certain amount of physical training, the
young Nazis are sent to camps for two weeks perhaps every other summer.
and at least once to one of the big camps, where it is considered the
youngsters can be really taught what Nazism means.
At the Hocland
Lager, which we visited, in Southern Bavaria, there were 4,000 boys,
besides 1,200 German boys from foreign countries in Germany for two
months at the invitation of the Nazi government. Everything in the camp
was, of course, carried on like a military encampment, with rows of
tents, rolling kitchens, a huge drill-ground, sentries, and a great
deal of saluting. Although the Hitler-Jugend have as yet no arms of any
kind, a considerable part of their daily activities is concerned with
military training or drill, and while we were there demonstration of
erecting a war telephone line was given lay a Reichswehr unit.
The spirit of the
camp was one of rigorous discipline with no friendliness between boys
and leaders, and a certain dull apathy or weariness, the result of
strenuous organized exercise. In the midst of the beautiful Bavarian
mountains, nothing could he more depressing than this evident return to
the old Prussian ideal and the developing of these healthy, sun-tanned
boys into perfect cannon-fodder.
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