Discusses League of Nations
At Anti-War Rally
Speaker Stresses Necessity Of
United Peace Action
By Working Class
Declaring that the
lengthy debates to determine the cause of war have been answered by the
present Italo-Ethiopian conflict, Joseph Cohen, Brooklyn College
graduate and editor of the Young Worker, called for concrete
action for peace by the student body at the meeting of the Anti-War
Mr. Cohen discussed
the various powers, and interests in Ethiopia, emphasizing those of
British imperialism, which need the waters of Ethiopia to irrigate its
cotton plantations in Africa, and Ethiopian ports as a route to the
East. "We are dealing with a conflict of imperialist nations, all
fighting for ends which will bring profit to their own ruling classes,'
unfortunate;" said Mr. Cohen, "that the call to the student
mobilization or November 5 asks for complete neutrality in the United
States, with no shipment of war material to the belligerent nations.
Neutrality can mean one of two things," continued the speaker, "either
we do nothing against Italian fascism or for Ethiopian independence; or
we oppose both countries on the same basis as warring nations."
Mr Cohen likened
the Italian slogan "localize the present war" to a stand of complete
neutrality. He showed how anyone opposed to fascism, and believing in
the struggle of colonial peoples for independence could not be neutral.
On the other hand, the American bankers, with $400,000,000 invested in
Italy ,will make every effort to protect their interests.
In answer to those
who state that sanctions will lead to war, Mr. Cohen declared that it
is in the present advance of Italian fascism on Ethiopia that the basis
of a new world war can be found. "By all means keep the United States
out of war," insisted the speaker, "Keep the United States out of war
by fighting Italian fascism, since the present conflict, if not
stopped, will eventually lead to a new world war."
Mr. Cohen, "and unity of action is the key to the way to meet the war
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May 20, 2004