Chile's presidential palace, under fire during the 1973 coup that
toppled the Marxist government of Salvador Allende. The
military junta that succeeded Allende, headed by Augusto Pinochet,
established a record for human rights abuses that continues to
haunt Chilean society.
|Inter-American relations during the 1970s
functioned on two levels. First, in Latin America itself, the
period witnessed the emergence of brutal dictatorships in not only
Chile but also in Uruguay and Argentina--and the continuation of
previously installed dictatorships in Guatemala, Brazil, Paraguay,
Meanwhile, in the United States, sharp clashes between the
President and Congress for control of the conduct of US foreign
policy were occurring. One primary area in which
congressional activists challenged the executive came on human
rights, and Latin America's dictators became a target.
|For this virtual session,
please begin with this CNN site, which provides commentary from
the time on the Chilean coup, with Time's
cover story, Salvador Allende's
career, the CIA's
intentions, and Izvestia's--one
of the Soviet government's official journals--take on events.
Massachusetts senator Ted Kennedy
sponsored the amendment that cut off funding to Allende's regime.
Meanwhile, Ed Koch, then a fairly obscure congressman from the
Upper East Side, first attracted national attention when he
successfully pushed through an amendment to terminate assistance
to the dictatorship in Uruguay.
Schoultz, Human Rights and
U.S. Policy toward Latin America
to course schedule