Brooklyn CollegePolitical Flyers & Papers
President William A. Boylan filed some materials distributed on the campus or at the gates of the campus.  President Harry D. Gideonse maintained Boylan's files and extended the practice to include files on individual faculty, staff, and students.  These files were not included in files sent to the Archive and Special Collection, despite the requests of  librarians.  In response to requests from Professor Tony Cucchiera and me,  President Christoph Kimmick agreed to review the files contained in Gideonse's file cabinet and to make available files relevant to this project.  To give some idea of presidential activity and interest during this period, I have presented these materials together as one collection.  But because these materials are also related to publications and organizations referred to elsewhere in this site, I also include links to them in relevant units; that is, publications of the ASU are included in the appropriate year, as are publications distributed by other groups.

Note: a caption under an image indicates that a note was clipped to the materials, presumably by someone in the President's Office.


"Act Against War! Collective Security? No.  Independent Action? Yes.  Isolation? No."  Young People's Socialist League
     Wednesday's debate falsely poses the question, "Do you support the A.S.U. program?"  Wars are fought for economic and material reasons, not noble ideals; therefore, all wars must be opposed, including those of  the U.S and other "democracies."   By taking the Oxford Pledge, students unite to oppose imperialist war.
"All Out Picket Line," Federal, Local CPC Writers Union
    A demand that members picket; attendance will be taken.  No apparent connection betweenpecifics  this union and Brooklyn College.  This flyer was probably distributed by students to show solidarity with workers.
Bylaws, Board of Higher Education
     This page lists the four charges for suspending or firing faculty and staff of the municipal colleges.
"Democratic Government with Democratic Procedure, Progressive Students Party
     Poetic appeal for votes for Student Council .
"Fight Against R.O.T.C.," American Student Union
    Invitation to meeting on the evils of R.O.T.C.  Speakers: Mr. Klein (faculty) and George Perkel (student).
"Hear Lt.-Col. Steven Nelson of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade," American Student Union
     Meeting announcement.
"Klein Must Stay," Klein Defense Committee
     Call for a picket at City College, where the Administrative Board is considering  his case.
"Life or Death!" American Student Union
     The ASU attacks President Roosevelt for promoting America's involvement in war.
"Logic," The Anti-War League
     The League uses syllogisms to refute charges of being fascist by the American Student Union.  The text is faded, being the end of a run, and hard to read.
Official Instructions for Strike for Peace, United Peace Committee, Evening Session
     The title explains the content.  Though the year is not indicated, the month is clearly April, when all annual peace strikes were held.
One-Way to Representative Student Government, Kingsmen Fusion
     List of KF candidates running for Student Government for upper freshmen, sophomore, and junior classes.
Student petition supporting elevator operator strike, 5 students signed it
     Petition asks the president and the dean to  pressure the building owners to end the strike.  Signers:  Asa Don Dickinson, Frederick E. Brithart, Millicent Ellis, George S. Tullich, Seymour S. Leikind; two signatures are illegible.
"Students' Party:  The Platform, the Candidates," Students' Party
     Campaign literature for Student Council elections.
"The Brooklyn Collge Declaration of Independence," Kingsmen-Fusion
     The issue is electing a council "of, the student body, KF, or one representing the views of a small clique.
"Vote Student's Party," Student Party
    Defends the Student's Party connection with the ASUand its platform, then attacks the Fusion Party.
"Why Strike?" Young People's Socialist League
     YPSL offers 7 reasons why students should joint the anti-war strikes, for "Action Now"   and concludes with the warning that war will end only when capitalism is overthrown.
April, "Salud, Bob Raven," American Student Union
     Announcement of Peace Stoppage.  The speaker is Bob Raven, Abraham Lincoln Brigade veteran blinded and crippled in combat.
April, "Oxford Peace Pledge," The Fact-Finding Friends of Peace
     This satiric flyer uses irony to show the follow of supporting the Oxford Pledge.  It was crumpled and, presumably, thrown away and retrieved for President Boylan's files.
May 31, "Against Boss War!" Young Workers League
     The bosses are manipuilating the workers for war.  Young workers and students must resist.  Attend rally.


Fall, "Boom! You're Dead!" Louis Partnow, Potpourri
     This anti-war story won first prize in the short story category of the Potpourri Literary Contest..
October 24, Note to Dr. B, M.M.E.
     The note describes a demonstration, which the police broke up; the students reassembled; one speaker identified the Students League for Industrial Democracy as the organizer of the demonstration.
October 25, "Students Support of Boycott of Sorrils Cafeteria," M.M.E.
     The continuation of October 24 memo summarizes the statements of four speakers on the Sorrills Cafeteria strike and identifies one student speaker, Isidore Seeger.  A reference is made to the case of two students arrested for assault.


Undated, "Skeleton Constitution," The Union Against Reaction
     The structure of the organization is set forth.
April, Teacher and Worker
     A four-page newsletter published by the Communist Party Unit of City College.
April 8, Student News, National Student League
     The two-page issue prints the week's plan for all strike activities in New York City, the news concerning the general April 12 strike, an anti-war editorial, and the "Strike Committee Manifesto."
April 15, "B'klyn College Supplement," National Student League
     A two-page newsletter including a lead article on the peace strike and other articles focusing on BC issues.
April 30, Note to Dr. Boylan, from M.M. Effrige
     A visit to the address of "The Staff" reveals a loft, a young woman, and two young men, all dirty.
May 1, "Mass Meeting," National Student League
     Joe Cohen will speak on student support of the May Day demonstration.
May 1, Student Action,  Student League for Industrial Democracy
     Four-page newsletter, with lead articles on the May Day parade and expelled students at Hunter College.
May 1, Letter to Dr. William Boylan, from Frank P. Fitzsimons
     The writer offers to bring a libel action against "The Staff" to lead perhaps to a criminal action for using the mails fraudulently.
May 1, Resolution, Association of Instructors, Tutors, and Fellows
     The Association rejects the Communist Staff and asserts it has no connection with the paper.
May 2, Memo for Administrative Committee Meeting,  Unsigned
     The memo raised questions for treating demonstrating students.  Originally names of students tried or dismissed for picketing were attached, but the list seems to have been lost.
May 6, Note to Dr. Boylan, from M.M.E.
     Dr. Max Luria wants The Staff stopped; it has no right to use the college name.
May 24, "Call to the First Brooklyn College Conference on Student Economic Problems," No organization named
     Announcement of conference.  Back of form asks for delegate, one to be elected from each class.
May-June, Preamble and Resolutions, First Brooklyn College Conference on Student Economic Problems
     Three page document sets forth 8 resolutions.  The conference was sponsored by the Social Science and Current Problems Clubs.
June 11, Letter to Administrative Committee, from President William A. Boylan
     Letter comments on the resolultions adopted by the Conference on Student Economic Problems.  The resolutions were presented to the President by a freshman, Walter Feldmesser.
June 18, "What Is Communism?  How the Communist Party Works," Earl Browder, New Masses, pages 11-2
     Browder addresses questions about the CP, like does it take orders from Moscow?  A useful introduction to the Communist Party, though disingenuous in places.
June 18, "The Timid Profession," New Masses, pages 14-5
     Granville Hicks discusses his firing from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, his colleagues' responses, and the supineness of college professors in general.
July, "A National Solution for a National Problem," Committee on Militarism in Education
     The pamphlet describes the Nye and Kvale Bills, quotes the explanations of Senator Nye and Congressman Kvale and the comments of other luminaries, and lists actions the public can take.
September, The Power Worker, Communist Party, Brooklyn Edison Unit
     A four-page newsletter focuses on Edison workers specifically and the labor movement in general.
September 13, Socialist Appeal
      This four-page newspaper was too fragile to open and scan, so only the first page appears here to give a sense of what Socialists were saying and to insure that the Socialist presence on campus is reflected.
September 20, Draft Letter to Staffs, from Francis Kilcoyne and Georgia Hamilton
     The Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows distributes the new salary schedule and quotes the Bylaws, passed by the Board of Higher Education in June, listing the qualifications for fellows (temporary), tutors (provisional), assistant professors, and associate professors and the criteria for promotion.
September 26, Letter to President Boylan, from Francis Kilcoyne
     The Association of Instructors thanks Kilcoyne for his prompt distribution of the rules on appointment and promotion and acknowledges the completion of the plant and difficulty in attending a meeting.
October 9, "Preamble to Constitution," The Union Against Reaction
     The Union is being organized on campus to resist limitation of civil rights, academic freedom, and fascism.
October 11, Letter to President Boylan, from Dean Adele Bildersee
     Bildersee offers a carefully reasoned argument for not recognizing the Union Against Reaction.
October 22, Letter to Teaching and Clerical Staffs, from The Union Against Reaction
     The Union appeals to the staffs to join and participate.   
November, The UAR Record, The Union Against Reaction
     This six-page newsletter explains why the UAR formed and what its principles are.  The newsletter includes the Preamble to the UAR Constitution, articles on the Olympics and the October meeting, a book review by Bernard Grebanier, and a bibliography on fascism.
November 1, Note to Dr. Boylan, from M.M.E.
     Concerned that some of the "inspired Communist students" will try to take over, Mr. Kilcoyne wants to know whether the Association of Instructors should send a representative to the Peace Mobilization of November 8.
November 8, Note to Dr. Boylan, from M.M.E.
      The covering note for the speech Francis Kilcoyne read at the student mobilization; his purpose was to thwart the radicals and prevent their appointing David McK. White as advisor to an anti-war group.
November 8, Speech, Francis Kilcoyne
      Kilcoyne, speaking for the Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows, supports a decorous, moderate demonstration free from "isms."  This then makes several observations on world peace, which he
November 21, Resolution, The Union Against Reaction
     The organization thanks President Boylan for supporting the Student Peace Mobilization on November 8.
December, The UAR Record, The Union Against Reaction
     The ten-page newsletter includes an editorial on academic freedom; articles on violations of academic freedom, the November meeting, and the Olympics; a book review; and a letter from Italy.
December 2, Letter to President Boylan, from David McK. White
      This cover letter transmits a resolution passed on November 21 by The Union Against Reaction.
December 10, Note to Dr. Boylan, from M.E.
     Summary of inquiry by Brooklyn Eagle reporter about the distribution of The Staff on campus.
December 13, Letter to President William Boylan, from Francis Kilcoyne and Georgia Hamilton
     The Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows requests a meeting to discuss its resolution asking for faculty rank and voting rights for instructors. Attached are a survey of the status of instructors at 77 colleges and universities and a handwritten note concerning the meeting.
December 13, Survey, Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows
     A survey of 77 colleges and universities establishes that the most give faculty status to instructors.
December 13, "A Call to an Intercollegiate Conference on Student Economic Problems," Brooklyn College, Seth Low College, Long Island University Arrangements Committee
     A four page pamphlet.  The seminar on "Retrenchment in Education" is led by Dr. Bernard D.N. Grebanier (faculty) and Eli Jaffe (student) from Brooklyn College. 
December 16, Handwritten note, ME and WB
     The note refers to a meeting requested by Kilcoyne and Hamilton in a letter dated December 13 and is attached to that letter.
December 19, Resolution, The Union Against Reaction
     The UAR condemns City College for refusing to allow students to use the Great Hall for a meeting to protest the invasion of Ethiopia and asks the Board of Higher Education to intervene.
December 28, "Recommendations of Presiding Committee for Friday Session," American Student Union
     This flyer outlines the proceedings of the first day's meeting of the ASU convention in Columbus, Ohio.


Undated, "A New Radical Drive on the School, College and University," National Republic Lettergram
      The lead article traces the origin of the American Student Union to the founding of the Socialist Party and the New York Student League; a second article discusses the Communist John Reed Clubs.  Conservative two page newsletter for members.
January 2, Letter to Hon. Mark Eisner, from David McK. White
      White transmits a Union Against Reaction resolution which condemned a City College action. The UAR requests a response from Eisner, Chairman of the Board of Higher Education.
January 7, Note of telephone call, Unsigned
     Mr. Sciutto, connected with the Communist Party, inquires about the delivery of The Staff.
January 8, Letter to President William Boylan, from Francis Kilcoyne
     The Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows elected 4 officers, to replace instructors who were promoted to assistant professor.
January 10, Letter to Francis Kilcoyne, from Secretary to the President
     The President thanks Kilcoyne for the names of newly elected officers in the Association (letter, Jan. 8).
January 10, Letter to President William Boylan, from Georgia Hamilton
     The Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows is concerned about the personality reports of students and ask that the Faculty reconsider using them.
January 12, Letter to Colleague, from the Brooklyn College Unit of the Community Party
     The CP protests the college's not delivering The Staff to evening session staff members and refers vaguely to calling this illegal action to the attention of "the proper authorities."
January 16,  Memo to Professor Camera, from President William Boylan
     The President refers the letter from the Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows on personality reports to Professor Camera, Secretary of the Faculty.  The files also contain a handwritten duplicate of this letter.
January 29, Handwritten invitation, Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows
     The Association is holding its annual luncheon on February 19 at the Hotel Touraine.
January 31, Letter to President William Boylan, from A.U.N.Camera,
     As Secretary of the Faculty, Camera replies to the letter which Boylan forwarded to him from the Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows requesting a re-consideration of the personality reports.
February, The Student Advocate, American Student Union
      The first issue by the newly-formed American Student Union is 32 pages. "New Beginning" sets forth the purpose of the ASU and the Advocate.  These articles/editorials are featured:
      "Morgan: Wanted for Murder,"
      "Athletes Aren't so Dumb,"
      "Academic Napoleons No. 1: Ruthven of Michigan,
      "Onward Christian Students," "Guns Over Ohio," 
      "Gagging the High Schools,"
      the editorials "American Storm Troops" and "Are Student 'Leaders' Leading?,"
      "Three Documents on Repression,"
      The photo essay "'Suffer Little Children...'--The Unmentionables of American Education,"   
      "Still Sweetness and Light,"
       "Are Liberals Immune?,"
       "Action Notes,"
        Political cartoon attacking William Randolph Hearst.
February, URA Record, The Union Against Reaction
     The seven-page newsletter includes articles on science and the Nazis, Naziism and education, the December and January meetings, music and Naziism, and an editorial and cartoon against compulsory ROTC.
February 7, Letter to Georgia Hamilton, from Secretary to the President
     The President forwarded Dr. Hamilton's letter of January 20 to Professor Camera. His reply is enclosed.
February 8, Letter to Marian Nugent, from Secretary to the President
     President Boylan is unable to attend the Association's luncheon because of a bad cold.
February 14, "American Student Union," The Campus (editorial)
     The American Student Union must advocate the Oxford Oath.
February 24, "American Student Union," Beacon
     Typed carbon copy of article describing the Evening Session students voting to adopt the Constitution of the American Student Union and summarizing the ASU's four basic principles .
February 28, Untitled, Vanguard
     Typed carbon copy of article describing the founding of the American Student Union.
March, The UAR Record, The Union Against Reaction
     This six-page newsletter contains articles on protests against reprsesion by professional organizations, Lewis Mumford, a celebration at Heidelberg University, five German anti-Fascists sentenced to death, the February meeting, John McNaboe, loyalty and oaths.
March 12, Letter to President Boylan, from Thomas E. Coulton
     As secretary of the Faculty Committee on Student Activities, Coulton passes along the recommendation that the ASU be recognized.  Six reasons are offered; note particularly reasons #5 and 6.  Although the letter refers to a constitution for "chapters" of  Day and Evening Session, only one Constitution is attached, and it refers only to the Day Session.
March 12, Proposed Constitution of the Chapter of the American Student Union, Brooklyn College, Day Session
      This 4-page document was attached to Coulton letter to Gideonse dated March 12, 1936.  That letter is immediately above this entry.
March 12, Letter to All Teachers and Clerical Employees, the Brooklyn College Unit of the Communist Party
     If all staff members send their discontents with the revised By-laws to the Board of Higher Education, asit requested, reprisals against individuals will be impossible.  The original is smeared and somewhat illegible.
March 19, Letter to Professor Americo U. H. Camera, from David McK.White
       The Union Against Reaction requests permission to distribute a petition (enclosed) opposing the U.S. participation in the Olympic Games being held in Germany.  
March 20, Note to President William Boylan, from A.U.N. Camera
     Camera is forwarding a letter from the Union Against Reaction.
March 21, Note to Miss Doris McElroy, from Secretary to the President
     The secretary asks for the enclosed letter, which was not sent on March 20.
March 31, Board of Higher Education Resolution on the American Student Union
     The BHE  resolution asking the presidents of City College, Hunter College, and Brooklyn College to survey the attitude and practices of other colleges and universities toward the A.S.U. and setting a special meeting to discuss policy on the A.S.U.  It is certified as a true copy by the BHE Secretary. 
March 31, Letter to Miss Effugi, in the President's Office, from Thomas E. Coulton
     Coulton's letter is attached to the Constitution of the national American Student Union.  Also attached are the next two notes.
March 31-April, Unsigned, undated typed note
    The note, clipped to Coulton's letter and the next note, raises a question about the relationship of the national and local constitutions.
March 31-April, Unsigned, undated typed note
      This note, clipped to Coulton's letter and the previous note, indicates the recipient of the correspondence, President Boylan.
March 31, Constitution, the national American Student Union
     This three-page document was attached to Coulton's note and the two unsigned notes (see the entries immediately preceding)..
March 31, Note from M.M.E. to Dr.
     The note points out sources of information about the American Student Union and reasons why it should not be recognized.
April 2, Note to Dr. Boylan, Unsigned
     The writer explains that David White's letter of January 2 was just forwarded by Miss Luria.
April 7, Results of survey on American Student Union sent to college deans, unsigned
    A carbon copy.
April 8, Note to Dr. Boylan, from M.M.E.
     The note explains where the attached fundraising letter of The Union Against Reaction came from.
April 8, Fundraising letter, The Union Against Reaction
     The UAR invites staffs and friends to a theater party to see Bitter Stream by Ignazio Silone.
April 9, List of universities and colleges with chapters of the American Student Union, unsigned
     The list, "returned, with thanks, to Dean Cosenza," was obtained by the Faculty Committee on Student Activities of Brooklyn College from the national A.S.U.
April 10, "Peace Strike Sweeps  U.S.; 350,000 Will Answer Call; Anti-War move stirs Support in All Areas," Student Union  Bulletin, page 1
April 10, "Peace Strike Sweeps  U.S.; 350,000 Will Answer Call; Student Heads, Faculty to Join in Walkout," Student Union  Bulletin, page 1
April 10, "Strike Against War! April 22nd, 11 A.M.," Student Union Bulletin, page 1
April 10, Peace Leaders Seek Hearing on Nye-Kvale Bill," Student Union Bulletin, page 1
April 10, Membership form to join the American Student Union, Student Union Bulletin, page 1
April 10, "National Hook-up Plans Broadcast on Strike," Student Union Bulletin, page 1
April 10, "American Student Union Program," Student Union Bulletin, page 2
     This statement was drafted at the first convention, when the ASU was founded, December 28-29, 1935.  It sets forth the basic principles of the ASU.
April 19,  Note attached to clipping of New York Times article "The Student and Peace"
     The note identifies the source of the article, which is no longer attached or in the files.  It suggests the interest in the American Student Union by the Catholic Church.
May, Bulletin of the Research Committee of the U.A.R., The Union Against Reaction
     The footnoted essays are "Art and Fascism" by Harry Slochower, "History under Hitlerism" by Herbert Morais, "Science under Hitlerism" by S. Bradford Stone"; also included, a brief bibliography on fascism.
May 1, Form letter to other colleges, from Eugene A. Colligan, President, Hunter College
     The Board of Higher Education has asked President Colligan to conduct a survey of other colleges' attitude toward and practices in regard to the American Student Union.  The questionnaire, dated May 1 and originally an attachment, and the final report, dated June 11, are stapled to the letter.
May 1, Form letter to other deans at Brooklyn College, from Dean Mario E. Cosenza
     Cosenza asks two questions about the A.S.U. at the other college.
May 1, Letter to President William A. Boylan, from Martin Meyer
     Martin returns a pamphlet Boylan lent him, with his objections to the attached pamphlet, Where There Is No Peace.  His comments prefigure his testifying before the Dies Committee.
May 6,  Note to Dr. Boylan, from M.M.E.
     The note is attached to the minutes of a meeting that day of the Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows.  The note summarizes highlights of today's meeting.
May 6, Minutes, Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows
     At the previous meeting, date not indicated, a tea for the new Association president and departmental representatives was discussed.
May 6, Resolution and Notes of Meeting, Association of Instructors, Tutors and Fellows
     The Association passed a resolution supporting Morris U. Schappes of City College.  On the reverse side are handwritten notes of election of officers and decisions made; the ink from page 1 has bled through.
May 12, Letter, John R. Turner, Dean of Men, to President F.B. Robinson, City College
     This 7-page letter reports the result of a survey of 85 or so colleges on their policy on and experience of the American Student Union; it replaces the earlier report of May 2nd, presented to the Board of Higher Education.
May 12, "Academic Freedom and the Right to Organize," The Union Against Reaction of Brooklyn College and The Anti-Fascist Association of City College
     Meeting announcement.  The speaker is Joseph Schlossberg, a member of the Board of Higher Education.
May 14, Letter to President William Boylan, from Walter S. Steele,
      This brief letter acknowledges an order for Bulletins Nos. 25 and 26, which are not in the file.
May 18, Handwritten note to President William Boylan, from M.E.
     M.E. suggests getting materials on the American Student Union from newspapers and the Chamber of Commerce in Columbus, Ohio.
May 19, Opinion, President William A. Boylan
      The recipient of President Boylan's recommendation not to recognize the A.S.U. is not indicated.
May 19, "Summary of Study of the Status of the A.S.U.," Unsigned
     A summary of responses to Dean Cosenza's letter of May 1 is supported by a two-page list of responses by college and by two pages of extracts from those responses.
May 21, Letter to President William A. Boylan, from Allen J. Loeb
     Loeb argues for allowing the  Brooklyn College chapter of the American Student  Union to hold its meetings on campus, even though it has not yet been recognized by the Board of Higher Education.
May 25, Letter to Allen J. Loeb, from President William A. Boylan
     Boylan denies Loeb's request of May 21 that the American Student Union be allowed to hold meetings on campus.
May 25, Letter to President William Boylan, from C.T. Jonassen, Secretary to Student Council
     Jonassen requests that the American Student Union be allowed to meet on campus.
May 25, Letter to C.T. Jonassen, from President William Boylan
     President Boylan denies Jonassen's request.  Carbon copy.
May 28, Letter to Dean Mario Cosenza, from J.C. Seegers, Temple University
     Seegers summarizes both the results of a survey Dean Cosenza participated in about the American Student Union and a discussion at the National Association of Deans. The survey form with the number of responses to each question is attached.
May 28,  Unsigned memo, Recipient not named
     Higher Education Board member Professor McGoldrick wants to meet with a representative of the Instructors, Tutors and Fellows to discuss tenure.  Dr. Harrington is asked to pick someone.
June 11, "Report on Chapters of A.S. U. in Other Colleges," Hunter College
      This seven-page report summarizes the responses and then lists the responses, by college.  It is stapled to President Colligan's letter of May 1.
June 12, Letter from Dean John R. Turner to President William Boylan
     The Dean from City College announces a summary of the results of the survey on the American Student Union.  However, the summary itself is not included in the file.
June 15, Letter to President William Boylan, from Dean Mario Cosenza
     The Dean passes on information about the American Student Union.  The letter is not attached to any other document, so it is impossible to tell what specific information is referred to.
October 3, "New Headquarters! Celebration," Young Communist League of Brooklyn College
     Invitation to a party, with a chorus, refreshments, movies.  Admission, 25¢.
October 19, "Vote Communist," Young Communist League
     A four-page pamphlet appeals to college and high school students to vote Communist.  Three student-conversations identify main issues; an analysis of more issues follows.  The last page lists Communist candidates, radio broadcasts on which they will speak, and the Youth Program.
November, UAR Record, The Union Against Reaction
     The six-page newsletter contains an editorial and a resolution protesting Yale's firing of Professor Jerome Davis  (Elton Gustafson), articles on the October meeting (David W.White), cooperatives for colleges, and Carl von Ossietzky's Nobel Peace Prize (Harry Slochower), a book review of Spain in Revolt (Bernard Grebanier) and a letter praising a speech of the National Commander of the American Legion.
November, "Interest Commission on High Schools," Youth Committee Against War
     This flyer deals with organizing YCAW groups in the high schools.
November, "Report of Co-operative and Farm Commission," Youth Committee Against War
      This flyer deals with organizing farm workers.
November, "Report of Commission G; Aid to Anti-War and Anti-Imperialist Movements in Other Countries," Youth Committee Against War
       The explicit title identifies the content.
November 5, Letter to the Board of Higher Education, from the Brooklyn College Unit of the Communist Party
     The CP asks the BHE to investigate President Boylan's appointments; several department chairpersonships are becoming vacant, and some of his past appointments have not been based on merit.
November 11, Letter to Joe Lidonicci, from Leo Kent
     The secretary of the Youth Committee Against War of the Keep America out of War Congress invites Lidonicci's group to join and sets forth requirements, including quickly selling pamphlets.  Attached are a description of the Youth Committee and an application form.
December 1, Proposed Amendment to the By-Laws of the Board of Higher Education, Board of Higher Education
     The amendment liberalizing the recognition of student organizations, which then have the right to use college facilities, fails.  Tie votes are regarded as a negative vote.
December 5, "An Issue of Personal Interest in Our City," Arthur Knowles, Brooklyn Tablet
     This article attacks the Board of Higher Education as increasingly liberal and the American Student Union as radical/Communist.  The Tablet is a Catholic paper, and this article is juxtaposed to an article announcing the publication of Father Coughlin's Facts about Communism.   Attached to the clipping of this article is an envelope, addressed to Dr. William A. Boylan, from the Office of the President, Hunter College.
December 7, Letter to Colleague, from Forum Committee
     Faculty and staff are invited to an anti-Fascist presentation by Gaetano Salvemini, "Self exiled professor from University of Florence."
December 24, "Do We Exist?" American Student Union
     Invitation to second annual ASU Christmas Eve Ball.  Orchestra, free cigarettes.  60¢--10% off for ASU members.
December 28, "Red Students Merge, Singing Soviet Anthem," The Washington Herald
     Two-sided flyer, distributed by The Washington Herald, describes in hostile terms the formation of  the American Student Union and, on the reverse side, excerpts highlights from the A.S.U. platform.


Undated, "How?" National Student League
    A four-page pamphlet.  The cover asks three questions: How does Spain affect you? Can America keep out of war? How can students contribute to Peace?  The remaining three pages answer these questions, present the NSL platform, and support the anti-war strike.
Undated, "Presenting the American Student Union," American Student Union
     Four-page brochure describing the ASU's activities.  Photographs.
Undated, Fundraising Form, Committee on Spanish Aid
     A form for contributing clothes or cash.
Undated, All American College Ambulance Fleet for Spain, Faculty and Students Committee for Medical Aid to Loyalist Spain
     This four-page pamphlet explains why ambulances are needed now in Spain, how colleges are  fundraising  to buy ambulances and medical supplies, and what other colleges can do to help. Numerous photographs.
Undated, The Truth about the Communists, I. Amter
     Clearly written for the "common man," this sixteen-page pamphlet extols communism and its promise for workers.  Topics covered:  unionism, unemployment, peace, civil rights, rights for Negroes, the People's Front, socialism, the fight against fascism, Communists as builders, and Pete Cacchione's platform.
Undated, P.R. Explained, A. W. Cohen
     This sixteen-page pamphlet is a radical voter's guide to the new system of proportional voting, the City Council, which replaces the Board of Aldermen on January 1, 1938, and the election process for it and seeks support for the new system, which Tammany Hall is opposing.
Undated, "Young Men and Women, Meet a Friend. .  I. Amter," Young Communist League
     Four-page campaign flyer explains why young people should elect Israel Amter to Congress.
January, UAR Record, Union Against Reaction
     Contents of 6-page newsletter:  editorial supporting aid to Spanish anti-Fascists (Elton Gustafson), report of December meeting (David M. White), letter from anti-Fascist priest,  review of Science and Society: A Marxian Quarterly (Howard Selsam), article on the American Labor Party (Elton Gustafson), resolution supporting the BHE McGoldrick amendment, and spoof article on the McNaboe Committee.
February 17, "Mass Meeting on the Child Labor Amendment," Women's Division, American Labor Party
     Meeting announcement.  Speakers: Rose Schneiderman, Dorothy Bellanca, Therese Wolfson, Felice Louria.
February 18,"For Peace, Freedom, Security, Equality," American Student Union
     Announcement of election for Executive Committee.
February 19, "Pass the American Youth Act: On to Washington!" American Youth Congress
     A double-sided flyer inviting students to a three-day convention, which includes presenting President Roosevelt with a petition signed by over one million Americans in support of the American Youth Act.
March, May Day 1937: What It Means to You, Louis F.s Budenz
     Budenz begins his sixteen-page pamphlet with the origins of May Day in the United States, sings the achievements of the labor movement, lists the forces of reaction, describes what American workers can achieve, and ends with a paean to the Communism Party.
March 22, "Fascism is War!" Communist Party and Young Communist League
        The invasion of one country after another necessitates a response to stop the "fascist warmaker"; support the O'Connell Peace Bill H.R. 527 and attend the rally Thursday.
Spring, Constitution, Karl Marx Society
     The one-page Constitution lists the original members.
April 6, "Dear Colleagues," Committee for Aid to the Spanish People
     Letter signed by 24 faculty members asks for clothing, money, etc. to help non-military  victims of the Spanish Civil War.
April 7, "A Symposium on Science and War," Psychology Club
      Meeting announcement.  Speakers: Mr. A.B. Novikoff, Professors A.B. Wood, S.B. Stone; chairman: Prof. Selsam.
April 7, "Science & War," Psychology Club
     Meeting announcement.
April 9, "Spain: Hear the News Behind the Headlines," American Student Union
     Announcement of meeting/party. Abe Eisenberg, just returned from Spain, is speaking. 
April 9, Questionnaire confiscated by Dean Cosenza
     A five-question survey, with no organizational identification, was seized to teach students "they must secure permission to distribute things of this kind."  Does the President approve?
April 12,  "Do you like it? War. Strike Against it!"
     One of two unsigned anti-war drawings supporting the annual  April Peace Strike; this one is a drawing of death with a scythe.
April 12, "Strike Against It!"
     One of two unsigned anti-war drawings supporting the annual  April Peace Strike; this one is a drawing on a soldier with a crutch and an amputated leg .
April 13, "The Strange Case of Mr. Klein," Student Council Klein Defense Committee
     The meeting announcement lists the case against Prof. Clarkson and for Mr.Klein, who was fired.  Speakers:  Prof. Selsam, union representative, and Bea Gomberg, Vanguard editor.
April 13, "Why? Must We Die on the Wire" American Student Union
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Leon Horowitz.
April 19, "Student Council Anti-War Rally," Student Council
     Notice of rally at Church of the Pilgrims on April 21 at 12:15.  Speaker:  Dr. John Haynes Holmes.
April 20, "Peace Conference Tonight,"  Student Council Peace Committee
     Invitation to meeting on peace strike resolutions.  Speaker, Joseph Lash.
April 20, "Students Strike Against War!" No organization identified
     Notice of  anti-war rally on April 21, the anti-war strike on April 22, and anti-war show on April 25.  Parents' contingent  meets at 11:00 at the Edison Building.
April 22, "Strike Against War," United Student Peace Committee
     A call to students, faculty, and college administrators to strike for peace today.  This flyer also espouses a range of stands from reappointing Professor Klein to defending Spain.
April 22, "Fast," American Student Union
     The ASU urges students to fast on the day of the April Peace Strike and to contribute their food money for aid for the Spanish people.
April 22, "Why Strike?" Young People's Socialist League
     "Action Now" to end war and defeat Fascism; attend the strike and join YPSL.
April 22, "Today's the Day--to Strike for Peace," No organization name indicated
     Directions where various groups, including parents, are to assemble.  List of 9 slogans for the peace strike.  This flyer was retrieved from the floor; it has footprints front and back.
April 22, "Students Strike Against War," No organization named
     Invitation to anti-war strike.  Speaker: Dr. Holmes; anti-war show.  Bring parents to parents' contingent.
April 22, Note to President William Boylan, Unsigned
     A note to Dr. B[oylan] refers to proof that the American Student Union is connected to the Communists.  An undated but signed note from President Boylan is stapled to the dated note.
April 27, "Tear Off the Mask! Out with the Truth!" Young Workers League
     The YWL attacks the Young Communist League for a fight that broke out at the between the two organizations at the Anti-war Strike of April 22.  The issues seem to be who is really communist and whose ideology is correct.  The flyer is not clearly written and is badly crumpled.  A handwritten note is attached to this flyer reads, "Is a fight going on in the ranks?"
April 29, "No Pasaran," Evening Young Communist League
    Announcement of party to support the fight for Spanish democracy.  Dancing, games, fun.  Admission, 25¢ "No Pasaran" refers to a Spanish song expressing determination that Franco's forces will not pass, i.e., break through.  Front and back are covered with footprints.
April 29, "Klein Student Defense Bulletin," Student Klein Defense Committee
     This one page newsletter describes a 150-student picket line dispersed by police which then transformed into a sitdown strike; the power of student action is apparent in President Boylan's recognizing the Student Klein Defense Committee.  Join today's picket line to support Klein and academic freedom.
April 29, "Batter Up," Young Communist League
     The eighth national YCL convention will be chaired by Angelo Herndon (brief biography); Earl Browder, William Z. Foster, Gil Green, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, and international delegates will speak. 
April 29, Letter to Colleague, from Brooklyn College Committee for Aid to the Spanish People
     Fund-raising appeal to support Spanish democracy, with list of members.
April 30, "May Day," American Student Union
     Invitation to March with the ASU.  Make Brooklyn College a union school.
May, "Klein to Stay," Vanguard Extra
     Henry Klein is reappointed without an increment.  A student mass picket line and other actions are detailed, as are the responses of the chairman of the Board of Higher Education and the Teachers Union.
May 1, "Demonstrate May 1st," Communist Party and Young Communist League
     The four-page pamphlet details the history of May Day, political victories over "reaction," dangers facing America, the virtues of the Soviet Union, and May Day slogans and announces a YCL Convention.
May 5, "Unity Against Reaction!" Young Peoples Socialist League
     Students must attend a rally to support Klein and so defend academic freedom and the right to organize. YPSL rejects the behavior of the Young Workers League and the Young Communist League. 
May 5, "For a New Deal in Student Gov't," Fusion Party
     For an unbiased school newspaper and an end to machine politics, join the Fusion Party.  Note: the handwritten date of May 13 may be when the President's Office got the flyer, but the meeting is for May 5.
May 6, "All Aid to China," Young Communist League, Brooklyn College
     The Chinese army has been defeating the Japanese army for three reasons (listed); stopping Japanese imperialism requires an embargo and sending China material aid.
May 6, "Klein Student Defense Bulletin," Student Klein Defense Committee
     Newsletter attacks Boylan for not conferring with students and announces a picket line before the Board of Higher Education, which is hearing Klein's case.
May 6, "Picket Today for Klein," Young Workers League
     The YWL analysis of the Klein Case:  the case involves more than academic freedom; Prof. Clarkson's behavior illustrates the limits capitalism imposes on workers' rights (workers and students are connected); the Young Communist League's sabotaging YWL support caused 3 YCL members to be expelled.  A student strike may be necessary.  Students see YWL militant activism on behalf of the working class (and students).
May 9, "What Happened at the Trotsky Hearings in Mexico?" American Committee for the Defense of  Leon Trotsky
     Announcement of  meeting.  Speakers are members of the Preliminary Commission of Inquiry, including John Dewey, Commission Chairman, and John Finerty, attorney for Mooney and Sacco and Vanzetti
May 10, "Socialism in Our Time Announces Weekly Forums," Young People's Socialist League
     Small 4-page pamphlet announces a series of meetings, with topics and speakers:  "The French People's Front, " Harold Draper; "Twenty Years of Russian Revolution," A.S. Weiss; "Socialism and War," A. S. Weiss; "The Chinese Revolution," Harold J. Isaacs.
May 10, "Beds Full--Ether Gone--Gangrene Sets in: Save This Boy," Medical Bureau to Aid Spanish Democracy
      Full page ad in the New York Times for contributions for medical supplies for Spain.
May 13, ""Are You Looking for the Facts Behind the Klein Case?" American Student Union
     Meeting announcement: "the Klein case is not dead!!" Speakers: Dr. Hewan [Ewen?] and George Watt.

May 13, "Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Unity!" Young Communist League
     A double-sided flyer praises student unity in the Klein case and the peace strike, attacks the Young Workers League and the Trotskyites as divisive, and defends ejecting Troskyites from the Spanish government.
May 13, "Does Your Student Council Represent You?" American Student Union
     The current small clique dominating Student Council attacks progressive activities as "red" and calls a separate Peace Forum to compete with the National Student Anti-War Strike.  Vote Progressive.
May 13, "Meeting," Evening Young Communist League
     Meeting announcement.  Program report on the national convention, skits, dancing.  Free.
May 13, "A New Deal in School Politics," Fusion Party
     The Fusion Party holds similar principles and policies to the dominant party in Student Council; it disagrees with student parties being affiliated with outside organizations.  Chief planks are a non-profit lunch room, proportional representation in Student Council, and a newspaper against all war.
May 14, "Unity with Whom?" Young Workers League
     A two-sided flyer attacks Trotskyists,  accuses the Young Communist League of not aligning itself with Marxist groups, and sets forth the YWL position and actions in the Anti-War Strike, the Klein case, the efforts for unity.  The YWL appeals to students to join with workers to overthrow capitalism.
May 14, "Students' Party Rejects the Oxford Pledge," Young Peoples Socialist League
     The YPSL supports the Student Party but objects to its rejecting the Oxford Pledge, which hitherto has been part of its platform.  The Oxford Pledge is crucial in resisting imperialist war, and the U.S. is imperialist.
May 14, "Do We Have Academic Freedom?" Student Council
     Announcement of  meeting to discuss student rights and faculty control.  Speakers: representative of student clubs.  Members of the Faculty Committee on Student activities were invited to speak
May 16, "To All Working Class Youth or Organizations," Young Workers League
     The bosses use Memorial Day to support their war machine.  YWL is reclaiming it for workers and opposing imperialist war.  Youth must march against imperialist war.  Contact YWL to form a united front.
May 19, "Do Not Attend This Garden Meeting," Friends of Spain, Washington Heights Section
     This small leaflet warns that the rally in progress is Fascist.  On the back side is the handwritten notation, "Distributed by Communists outside ` Square Garden when meeting under auspices of 'Commonweal' (Michael Williams) named the American Com. for Spanish Relief, was in progress."
May 19, "The Truth About the American Committee for Spanish Relief," North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy
     The American Committee for Spanish Relief is aiding the Fascists; don't contribute to it.  Support Spanish democracy by contributing to the North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy.  The following note is handwritten on the back:  "Distributed by Communists outside Madison Square Garden when Meeting under auspices of "Commonweal" (Michael Williams) was in progress".
May 20, "Spring Cleaning," Young Communist League, Brooklyn College
    Joe Cohen speaks on "Trotskyism."  Admission, 10¢.

May 21, "Upper Frosh Who Support the Students' Party," Students' Party
     Announcement of meeting, with 7 platform items listed, including support for the A.S.U.
May 24, "Students' Party," Students' Party
     Student Party platform and candidates and slogans.
May 26, Postcard to President William A. Boylan, from Robert S. Shaw
     One of three postcards protesting a faculty vote condemning the Brooklyn College Chapter of the Teachers Union; they differ widely in tone and approach.
May 26, Postcard to President William A. Boylan, from S. Eisenberger
       One of three postcards protesting a faculty vote condemning the Brooklyn College Chapter of the Teachers Union; they differ widely in tone and approach.
May 27, Postcard to President William A. Boylan, from Harry Rudman
     One of three postcards protesting a faculty vote condemning the Brooklyn College Chapter of the Teachers Union; they differ widely in tone and approach.
May 27, "... and I'm also voting," Students' Party
     Meeting announcement.
June 3, "We Don't Want Scabs!" Young Workers League
     The U.S. Army has a high ratio of officers to men, useful for imperialist war and for attacking labor.   The ROTC can also be used against  labor and students.  Keep the ROTC out of Brooklyn College.  Students must  follow the leadership of the working class to overthrow capitalism.
September, "Defend China!" Socialist Party and Young People's Socialist League
     This flyer urges a boycott of Japanese goods, suggests 6 other actions to defend China, and reprints a newspaper article, "In Defence of China."
September 27, Memo from Acting President Mario Cosenza to the Teaching Staff
     Faculty are asked to announce that all students who have no fifth hour class are urged to attend a Peace Meeting on Czechoslovakia on September 30.
November, Wisdom: The Catholic Front
     The articles which are have checkmarks are listed below; presumably these articles are the reason the paper was saved and filed with flyers put out by the American Student Union.
° "Communists and Their Work Among Young Catholics," pages 1 and 8
° "True Color of American Student Union is Red," page 3
° "Radical Organizations: Young Pioneer Assn. A Communist-Atheist Combine to Smash the Boy Scouts, Reds Clutch at G.P.O. Mail Bags, Jewish Workers Clubs," page 3
October 10, "Join  the ASU Now," American Student Union
     Fold-over flyer invittes students to attend the A.S.U. National Convention and lists its platform.
October 21, "3 in 1!!!" Young Communist League
     Announcement of galag party and dance, forum on "Youth and Elections," and radio broadcast ofJohn Little.  Admission: 20¢.
October 27, "Communists and the 1938 Elections," Karl Marx Society
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Michael Saunder.
November, "Brooklyn College Spark," Brooklyn College Student Fraction, Young Workers League, U.S.
     A two-page newsletter, with four articles, three political cartoons, and two quotations.  "National Youth Acrobatics" attacks the red-tape application process under the National Youth Act.  "Young Workers League vs. A.S.U." promotes itself as a Marxist organization with The Answer.  "A Realm of Fantasy" describes the beautiful new campus, then contrasts it with the poverty of the students under capitalism.  "The Physiologist on ROTC" attacks a Vanguard editorial for opposing ROTC, "an arm of the U.S. boss war machine," for the wrong reasons.  A handwritten note is attached: "Selling papers Outside Brooklyn College Spark Gathering on Campus on Wednesday." 
November 9, "College Section Bulletin," Teachers Union Local 5
     Citing the Feld-McGrath Law, the Union offered a settlement in the tenure case of Miss Miriam Becker, Hunter College to the Board of Higher Education.
November 10, "Armistice Day and Spain," Student Council
     David McKelvy White will speak at the SC Armistice Meeting.  Flash: ROTC was rejected.
November 10, "Armistice Day," Evening Student Council
     Attending the peace rally will forward world peace.  Student protest caused the Faculty Committee on Student Affairs to reject ROTC on campus.  Rally speaker: Joseph Cadden, returned from Spain.
November 10, "Halt Japanese Aggression," American Student Union
      The ASU protests the Japanese invasion of China with a boycott and picket line at the Japanese Consulate.
November 12, "D.M. White Attacks Soviets," Young Workers League
     This detailed, closely reasoned attack on David McKelvy White's speech reflects an ideological split in the Communist Party.
November 18, Letter to Colleagues, from Federation of Faculty Committees for Aid to the Spanish People
       The Federation lists how much local colleges have contributed, appeals for additional contributions, defends the Spanish Loyalist government and troops, and lists committee names and members.
November 20, Letter to Colleague, from Brooklyn College Committee for Aid to the Spanish People
      Invitation to meeting.  Speaker: Ralph Bates.
November 21, "A Double Victory," American Student Union
     The ASU claims responsibility for getting three students with voting privileges on the Faculty Committee on Student Activities and for the Curriculum Committee's did not approve establishing an ROTC unit at BC.  The ASU promises to continue to fight for student rights and appeals for student support.
December, "ASU WEEK," American Student Union
     Touting ASU activities at Brooklyn College, this flyer explains the ASU Peace Program and invites students to join the ASU and to discuss the Oxford Pledge, collective security, neutrality, and isolation in preparation for the ASU convention at Vassar.
December, "The Truth About the American Student Union," American Student Union
     A four-page pre-convention bulletin discusses the history of the ASU, the wounding in Spain of ASU activist George Watt (former Brooklyn College student), and other articles.  Note the emphasis on the ASU as an organization made up of progressive students.
December, Letter to Joseph Lash,
from President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
     The American Student Union reproduces and distributes a positive letter from FDR about the ASU.
December, The High Cost of Living: How to Bring It Down, Margaret Cowl
     Cowl's discussion of the economic problems and their solution, Communism, is presented as a conversation supposed to sound like the everyday speech of the common man or the people. This was a common prose technique in the 1930s.  The conversation ends not only with Sue's joining the Party but with her promising to bring her husband to join too.
December 31, "Busman's Holiday at Vassar," New York Times (editorial)
     The American Student Union reproduces and distributes a favorable editorial about itself.


Undated, Constitution, American Student Union, Brooklyn College Chapter
     Two-page Constitution sets forth the structure and officers for 1938-39 for the ASU.
Undated, "How to Keep America out of War," Norman Thomas, Socialist Party of New York
    Campaign flyer by Thomas, who is running for governor for the Socialist Party.
Undated, "Lift the Embargo!" Young Communist League
     Students' peace policy have affected Congress; a majority now favor lifting the arms embargo on Spain. Congress must be flooded with demands to lift the embargo.  The crumpled flyer looks as if it was retrieved from the trash.
January, "A New Year--A New Life," Young Communist League
     Students' anxiety about their future is tied to the class struggle (1% of the population own over 59% of the wealth).  The solution is socialism as practiced in the Soviet Union, where there is no unemployment and students are paid to attend college.
  January 5, "Now! You Greet the Delegates...," American Student Union
     Meeting on report of ASU convention.  Speakers are A. Novikoff, J. Lidonnicci, N. Pittluck, and H. Margolies.
  January 7, "Back from Vassar," Marxist Workers League
     After praising the American Student Union conference at Vassar, the MWL attacks those who supported Collective Security or the Oxford Pledge, then attacks the ASU stand on war, and urges the "good elements" to leave the ASU and join the MWL and workers to overthrow capitalism, the cause of imperialist war.
  January 14, "Japanese Planes Dropped Bombs on American Ships," Young Communist League
     A four-page pamphlet announces a variety-radio show, contains articles on the sinking of the Panay, Fascist aggressor nations, need for quarantine, neutrality aiding Fascism, and a tribute to Lenin, Liebknecht, and Luxemburg, and finally announces a rally honoring them (admission: 10¢).  Political cartoons.
January 20, "Don't Let It Happen Here!!" Young Communist League
     Citing three fascistic actions in the U.S., the YCL argues for its plataform and activities as the way to maintain U.S. democracy.
January 20, "Open Letter to the Brooklyn College Student," Kingsmen Fusion Party
     As a liberal party, the Kingsmen Fusion Party does not support ROTC.  It supports and focuses on what interests students to make their stay at Brooklyn College "most enjoyable," that is, on local issues not political and economic issues.
January 20, "Victory!" American Student Union
     Announcement of Victory celebration at the passage of the McGoldrick Resolution by the Board of Higher Education.  It allows the ASU to function openly and legally on campus.  Speakers: Joseph Lash and Joseph Lidonnicci.
March, "Town Hall Tonight!" Evening American Student Union
      Announcement of meeting to support the Pilgrimage to Washington, by attending and by contributing money.
March 4, "ROTC Defeated at Brooklyn College!!!" American Student Union
     Meeting announcement.  Speakers:  Prof. Austin B. Wood and Gerson Goodman.
March 9, "Youth of America! On to Washington," American Youth Congress
     Announcement of annual pilgrimage, with a  rally, a faculty speaker, and an election of delegates.
March 10, "Student Council Must Act!" Young People's Socialist League (Fourth International)
     The decision by the Board of Higher Education to uphold a law excluding alien students from the free city universities violates the rights of alien students and is part of Roosevelt's war plans. Because of student activism, the BHE asked the State Legislature to repeal the law.   YPSL proposes a 4 point campaign.
March 18, "The Advance," Anti-War League
     Newsletter attacks the policy of collective security and lists the League's anti-war program.
March 21, "Act for Spain Now!" Theatre Arts Committee
     Meeting to defend Spanish democracy.  Speakers: Bill Mangold and Capt. Carl Bradley.  Free admission.
March 21, "Flatbush People's Forum," Flatbush Friends of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade
     Rabbi Harry Halpern speaks on "Peace, How Can We Acquire It?"  Future forum topics: "The People's Front in Spain," "Back to Barbarism, the Road of Fascism," and "The Story of the Lincoln Brigade."
March 21, "Stop, Defend, Halt!" Brooklyn College Unit of a communist group
     The name of the group was cut off  when the flyer was mimeographed.  The Devaney-McNaboe Bill must be stopped; the Communist Party is democratic and  is not seeking to overthrow our government.
March 21, "Peace: How to Keep It," Peace Committee, Evening Student Council
     America cannot pursue an isolationist policy but must act to stop the aggressor nations, Germany, Italy, and Japan, with economic and diplomatic action.  One action is aiding Spain.  Specific bills before Congress are discussed.  Students must support the April peace strike.
March 22, "Fascism Is War!" Brooklyn College Communist Party and Young Communist League
     The aggressions of Japan, Italy, and Germany must be stopped.  Write Congressmen, Senators, etc.
March 23, "Boycott Pro-War Stoppage--Strike vs. Imperialist War April 27!" Young Workers League, BC
     The YWL, a self-styled Leninist group, rejects the Oxford Pledge, urges students to boycott the anti-war strike, and calls for the "military defeat" of the U.S. government.  A handwritten memorandum is attached to this flyer: "This handbill was thrust at me this morning, as I crossed the campus."
March 23, "Trotskyite Rats Have no Place in the Student Movement!!" Young Communist League
     The YCL viciously attacks another faction as Fascist.  Accusations include trying to destroy the ASU and interrupting  David McKelvy White's speech.
March 23, "Stop the Fascist War Makers!" Young Communist League, Evening College
     To avoid war, readers must support specified policies and actions.
March 23, "Is Vanguard 'Impartial'?" Young Peoples Socialist League
     YPSL accuses Vanguard of misrepresenting the United Student Peace Committee meeting, corrects the misrepresentations, and asserts the determination of students to oppose war.
March 23, Daily Worker, Communist Party
      This four-page special edition is dedicated to and justifies the last of the Soviet show trials, in which early leaders of the Communist Revolution were tried for treason and executed. 
March 24, "Stop Fascist Assassins!"  American Student Union
     Four page anti-war pamphlet issued in 1938, no date indicated.  An attack on Hitler and Nazism, Mussolini and Fascism, and the Japanese and appeal to students to join the ASU to work for peace.  Photo of ambulance to Spain raised by 7 New York colleges; notice Brooklyn College's name on the side.
March 24, "Capitalism Is War," Young Peoples Socialist League (Fourth Internationalist)
     This Marxist analysis of war, capitalism, and socialism denounces the supporters of collective security and "confused pacifists" and affirms a workers' revolution which will built a socialist society, "a workers world."
March 28, Letter to Students, Student Council Peace Committee
    Announcement of anti-Fascist conference and invitation to every class and club to elect two delegates to attend.
March 29, "American Workers, Beware of Communism: Russia Hates America," International Catholic Truth Society
     Two-page flyer.  Russia has state capitalism; workers have no freedom and are dominated by 4 classes created by Communists.  Communism destroys the family.  American workers are paid more for less work
April, Young Men and Women of America, Young Communist League
      Emotional appeal to strike on April 27, to support peace and civil rights.  The slogans are "Lift the Arms Embargo on Republican Spain" and "Apply the Arms Embargo to Germany, Italy, and Japan." 
April, "Stop the Fascist War Makers!" Young Communist League
      Hitler's terrorism can be stopped; a world war can be avoided by democracies uniting, as President and Roosevelt urges.  The YCL called an emergency stoppage of evening classes and suggests other actions.
April, "Join Our Activities!!" American Student Union Peace Committee
     Meeting announcement on the ASU Peace Program.  Speaker: Bert Witt.
April, "Strike Issue: Sentinel-Guide," American Student Union
     A twelve-page paper covers the April 25-27 peace strike.
April, "Why Two Strikes," Anti War Strike Committee
     U.S. political and industrial rulers are gearing up for war; the student anti-war movement has been split by one faction's demand for "Collective Security."  It is imperative that a peace strike be held of a platform of 10 demands, which are listed.
April, "An Open Letter from the Anti-War Club," Evening Anti-War Club
     The intransigence of the Continuations Committee of the Peace Conference is splitting the anti-war movement.  In order to have one peace strike, both sides must compromise and adopt a minimal platform everyone can accept.  The Anti-War Club is willing to drop support of the Ludlow Amendment.
April, "To the Student Body," Evening Committee for Strike Unity
     The Continuations Committee of the Peace Conference refuses to include speakers who oppose collective security.  Therefore, a strike is being called which supports the Ludlow amendment and opposes "the dictatorial methods of this Committee."  Students are asked to join the strike.
April, "The Fight Has Just Begun," The Anti-War League
     The League cites 5 Congressional bills and Administration policies that show the movement toward war.  Students are asked ato send delegates tot he Anti-War Congress in Washington in May.
April 3, "Little Trotsky Cowboys," Young Communist League
     Two-page flyer viciously attacks Trotskyites/Fourth Internationalists and affirms YCL position and activities.
April 4, Handwritten note to Miss Effrige,from J. I. White
     The note, no longer attached to a flyer, shows how some flyers were collected for the President's files.
April 6, "United We Stand," American Student Union
     The ASU is part of a united student effort to plan a Peace Strike, even though one group which sought to dominate withdrew.  The ASU strives for unity, as illustrated by 3,000 students rallying to stop fascist aggression and to support the O'Connell Peace Bill.  The ASU asks the delegates of the dissident group to reconsider and invites all students to the meeting of the United Student Peace Committee and the Peace Strike.
April 11, "United for Peace," United Student Peace Committee
     Plans are under way to make this year's Peace Strike the largest ever.  The Young People's Socialist League 2nd and the Trotzkyites have withdrawn, red-baiting the United Student Peace Committee; they returned, speaking compromise while trying to impose their agenda.  The USPC is conducting a referendum.. 
April 18, Untitled, Young Workers League
     The Socialist Party and the Trotsky-socialists, who are ideologically "an aid to imperialism," seized control of the last anti-war strike conference.  The YWL supports the strike but not the slogans adopted.
April 22, "U.S.P.C. Bulletin," United Student Peace Committee
     The USPC is defending its behavior in planning the Peace Demonstration, charges an opposing group raised disruptive objections, and announces a referendum on disputed issues.
April 22, "Collective Security Leads to War," Anti-War League
     Invitation to a debate between the Rev. Bradford Young and Mr. Aaron, League of Nations Association.
April 22, "Call to Fifth Annual Peace Strike," United Student Peace Committee
     David Watt, a Brooklyn College student fighting in Spain, writes his support of the strike, as do "the defenders of Barcelona."  Ten slogans are listed for the peace strike.  A tear-off for a referendum asks students whether to support the O'Connell Peace Bill and U.S. attendance at an international anti-fascist conference in the peace strike.
April 22, "Culture Unites for Peace!" International Relations Club
     Meeting notice.  Professors Grebanier and Selsam speak on "Collective Action for Peace."
April 23, "Strike for Peace, Classes Called Off," Evening United Peace Committee
     Classes have been called off because of student interest, as expressed in the Peace Poll and the Peace Conference.  For unity, the O'Connell Peace Act is dropped; 4 slogans are listed for the strike.
April 25, "United Student Peace Strike," Evening United Peace Committee
     The peace strike supports Spain and China in their struggle against Fascist forces.  This coalition includes faculty and student groups.  To identify its flyers from those of other groups, it has adopted a logo.
April 25,  "Strike for Peace," Evening United Peace Committee
     Spain and China are valiantly resisting Fascist armies.  A million students striking for peace would help lift the embargo on Loyalist Spain, pass the O'Connell Peace Act, and Defeat the Shepard-Hill and May Bills for mobilization.  Send a Brooklyn College ambulance to Spain.
April 25, "What is the Difference Between the 'Anti-War Strike Committee' and the 'United Student Peace Committee'?" Anti-War Strike Committee
     After listing 4 stands the two groups have in common, the AWSC contrasts their stands on 5 issues, then asserts that the USPC  is Communist dominated and is not really anti-war.  Support the AWSC strike.
April 27, "Against Patriotic 'Anti-War' Strike," Marxist Workers League
     This attack on the United Student Peace Committee is filled with ideological statements and ends with cliched slogans.
May 3, "Politics Club Presents Harry Milton," Politics Club
     Harry Milton--former Communist, current Socialist, first volunteer of the "Debs Column" to arrive in Spain, participant in street fighting in Barcelona--speaks on Spain.
May 18, "Unite Against Hitlerism" Vote for the American Jewish Congress," American Jewish Congress
     On the front page, the slogan to register floats on a collage of newspaper articles about persecutions of Jews worldwide.  On the back is the announcement of a rally at Brooklyn College on defending Jewish rights.  The front page has bled through to the back.  Speakers: Louis Grebitz, Warsoff, S. Firth, Morris Dershowitz, and Morrison Bial.
May 18, "For the Defense of Jewish Rights," Menorah Society / auspices of American Jewish Congress
     Rally announcement.  Speakers: Louis Gribetz, Louis Warsoff, Maurice Firth.
May 19, "Brooklyn College Faculty 'Captured' by the Communists," Brooklyn College Unit of the Communist Party
     Using the Brooklyn Eagle articles based on information provided by Professor Earl A. Martin, the CP attacks him as a reactionary tyrant, denies that the Teachers Union is Communist, asserts its own democratic belief and practices, and expresses concern that he has harmed the College.
May 28, "Youth Marches: Memorial Day Youth Peace Parade," Evening Young Communist League
     Fascist victory in Spain and China threaten every country.  Peace requires us to give economic support to Spain and withhold it from aggressor nations.  Write political leaders.
May 28,"Lift the Embargo on Spain," United Student Peace Committee
      Announcement for Youth Parade for Peace, with trade unions and other organizations.  This crumpled flyer was probably retrieved from the floor or a trash can.
June, "Keep the R.O.T.C. off the Campus," Organization not identified
     The Board of Higher Education approved establishing an R.O.T.C. Club on campus, which is a first step to establishing R.O.T.C. on campus.  Protest to the BHE, which heard arguments from only one side.
July 30, "Save World Peace," All College Peace Union
     The Student Christian Ass'n, Observer, Vanguard, Student Council, American Student Union, and the Teachers Union join to advertise a rally to support President Roosevelt's peace message and ato suppoart Czechoslovakia.  Speakers: R. Keefe, K. Rosenfled, B. Kirsch, Rev. Spofford, Union representative.
August 11, "Stop McNaboe's Circus.  It Isn't Funny," American Student Union
     Letter to New York City student attacks Senator John McNaboe for his bill to investigate the ASU, attacks his supporter William Randolph Hearst, and defends its own beliefs and actions.
August 29, Memorandum to the Board of Higher Education, Earl A. Martin
      Professor Martin explains why and how he testified before the House on Un-American Activities Committee, chaired by Congressman Dies, about Communism at Brooklyn College.  Attached is the 8-page statement, dated August 18, which replaced the August 16 statement he actually read at the hearing.
September, Where to, Americans? Beware! Anonymous
     The author of this 15-page pamphlet, who describes himself as belonging to no political party or religious sect, asserts private property and money are dead; not accepting this fact is causing economic hardship and war and threatens human and national life. Nature and God want nationalization.  Readers are asked to fill in the attached petition and return to the President and Congressmen.  The only identification is a box number in Ontario, Canada.
September 18, "Welcome Back to School," Brooklyn College Fraction of theYoung Workers League
     This flyer asserts the Fraction's activism, defends itself against the attacks of other political groups, and analyzes the European political situation.
September 23, "Make America a Force for Peace: Invoke the Kellogg-Briand Pact," American Student Union
     Announcement of rally.  After listing the suppressions executed by Fascists and Japanese forces, the ASU asserts American students must mobilize to protect their academic freedom and opportunity to continue their studies.  Speakers: Emil F. Prantner and Joseph P. Lash.  Handwritten on one copy of this flyer, "Permission was not asked to meet on athletic field.  Told Pres. A.S.U. no mtg. in quadrange; no parade; must enter bldg. as indiv."
September 23, "Save Cezchoslovakia," Save Czechoslovakia Committee
    Rally.  Speakers: Sen. Vojta Benes, Dorothy Thompson, and others.
September 28, "Freshmen, Act Now for World Peace," American Student Union
     Citing European protests of Nazi aggression against Czechoslovakia, the ASU asks students to join by sending postcards to President Roosevelt.
September 30, "Hitler Can Be Halted," Young Communist League
     The betrayal by Chamberlain and other diplomats at Munich allows for future fascist conquest.  The Soviet Union stands for peace.  THe U.S. should impose an economic embargo on German to stop Hitler.
October 3, "The Historical Background of the Czechoslavakian [sic] Crisis," Young Workers' League
     The YWL blames Stalin and Anglo-French imperialism for the Czechoslovakian/Sudetenland crisis.  Stalin's non-revolutionary policy is leading to the defeat of Russian workers.  European workers must rebel against the capitalist class as Russian workers did in 1917.  The flyer is crumpled, as if thrown away.
October 3, Letter from Lawrence D. O'Connell to the Director of Evening Session,
     Identifying  himself as committed to peace, the evening student satirizes the previous Friday evening's peace rally as pro-war and pro-Soviet Union and wonders why the Director supported it.
     Attached to this letter is a note, dated October 4, 1938, signed J.C., which reads, "Prof. Park reports that there were less than 100 people at the Rally meeting last Friday evening."
October 3, "Attention! Calling all Students," Anti-War League
     Notice of  anti-war meeting.  The original flyer is cut on the diagonal.
October 6, "Keep America out of War!" Anti-War League
     An embargo on Germany would bring the U.S. closer to war.  The League supports an embargo on all belligerents if war breaks out, as it would necessarily be an imperialist.war.
October 13, "Vote Socialist," Younng People's Socialist League
     YPSL deplores the ASU's actions in endorsing the fragmented American Labor Party and its united front, minimalist stands and invites progressive students to vote for the Socialist slate to support labor.
October 14, Petition to Nationalize Resources and Properties, Anonymous
     The solution to widespread privation and suffering, which are caused by capitalism, is for the government to own and control "all things."  The petition asks the President and Congress to implement nationalization.  Attached to the petition is a pamphlet Where to, Americans?  Beware!
October 17, "Non-Partisan-League: Our History," Non-Partisan League
     The NPL, which formed last semester to oppose the steam-roller underrepresentative majority on Student Council, successfully elected officers.  Come to our Nominating Caucus on Monday.
October 19,"Two Blue-Ribbon Candidates," Non-Partisan Committee
     Meeting announcement.  Speakers: American Labor Party candidates Dorothy Bellanca and I.C. Velson.
October 19, "Which Party Shall I Support?" Current Problems Club
      Meeting notice.  Speakers: Ben Wyle, American Labor Party; Peter Cacchione, Communist Party; Harry Peyser, Democratic Party; representative, Republican Party; Joseph Glass, Socialist Party.
October 21,"We Throw Our Hat into the Ring," American Student Union
     Vote for progressive candidates in the upcoming city, state, and federal elections, to insure expansion of W.P.A., a foreign policy favoring Spain, China, and Cezchoslovakia, opposition to the Dies Committee, etc.
October 21, "Student and Working Youth under Capitalism," Young Workers League
     Young people "starve in peace-time, die in war-time."  The cause is capitalism.  The solution is uniting with exploited workers to form the "Workers' State, the proletarian dictatorship, not as it is run in the Soviet Union, but as it should be."   The flyer is dated 9/21/38, though apparently distributed around 10/21/38.
October 25, "Hungry Children in Spain," American Student Union
     Students are asked to donate food, clothing, or medical supplies for the relief ship leaving for Spain.
October 26, "Official Student Council Forum," Student Council
     Meeting announcement.  Speakers: Emanuel Celler, Democrat; representative, Republican; Irving C. Velson, American Labor Party; Joseph Glass, Socialist; Timothy Holmes, Communist.
October 27, "'Democracy' and Fascism Head for War," Young Peoples Socialist League
      The socalled democracies sold out Czechoslovakia; The Soviet Union mistakenly supports bourgeois governments.  YPSL repeats, "only the workers of the world can defend the Soviet Union."  Only socialism can end war.  Hear Leon Trotsky speak tonight at a mass rally.
October 31, "We Have the Answer," American Student Union
     Youth's problems, which are partly the nation's problems, can be solved by the American Labor Party.
November, "Students of Brooklyn College," United Student Peace Committee
    Appeal to join the Peace Meeting on November 9th.  The day for the flyer is not indicated.
November, "Rally Against War," Young People's Socialist League
     Events in Czechoslovakia show how close war is and why we need to rally for peace. The American Student Union and the Young Communist League are ineffective.  Join the Socialist Revolution and the YPSL.
November, "Against the War Mongers!" Young Peoples Socialist League
     The Czechoslovakian crisis has made plain that fascist and "democratic" nations are all imperialistic.  The survival of the Soviet Union depends on the workers.  All organizations are invited to join the November rally against war and to support the Oxford Pledge.
November, "After the Elections--" Young Communist League
     Though reactionaries made inroads in the last election, the victories in New York and California show that labor united is powerful.  The Communist Party contributed to these victories. Join the YCL for the unity necessary for peace and progressive policies.
November 1, "Radio Listeners in Panic Taking War Drama s Fact," American Student Union
      The American public's flight in response to a Well's War of the World shows how frightened Americans are over the imminence of war.  Peace means the suppresion of fascism.  The supporters of isolationism must be defeated in the next election.
November 3, "Why Vote for the Socialist Party Tues.?" Young People's Socialist League
     Meeting notice.  Speaker: Norman Thomas.
November 3, "Act Now to Save Peace," Young Communist League
     The YCL rebuts Norman Thomas's position that the Munich pact is preferable to war; it details the strength of anti-fascist activities, encouraged by the Soviet Union's defense of Czechoslovakia.  Working together, Americans can stop fascism.
November 9, "Rally for Peace Today," United Student Peace Committee
    Slogans (issues supported) are listed, and speakers include Loh Tsei, Haru Matsui, and Dean Bildersee.
November 9, "Armistice Day," Evening Student Council
     The Second World War has started.  Rally to celebrate Armistice Day and preserve peace.  Speaker: Joseph Cadden. returned from Spain.
November 10, "Armistice Day Anti-War Rally," Swimming Team, History Club, Politics Club, Young Peoples Socialist League, Current Problems Club, Modern Poetry Club, Anti-War Club
     Announcement of rally.  Speakers, Sam Romer, Professor Burnham, and Professor Hartman.
November 10, "Rally Against Imperialist War!" Young Peoples Socialist League
     Yesterday's "piddling excuse" of a rally will be rectified by today's rally, sponsored by the anti-war mobilization committee.
November 30, "First Convention of the Student Party, Report to Student Body of Brooklyn College," Student Party
     The SP preens itself on being the first undergraduate party to hold an open convention at Brooklyn College. It announces the party officers elected and the next convention.
December 7, "Non-Partisan League," Non-Partisan League
     The NPL announces its candidates for student elections and its platform, which consists of  the usual global and national issues as well as Brooklyn College concerns.
December 8, Letter from Herbert Witt to "Dear Friend"
     The American Student Union invites students to attend its fourth annual convention, which is being held at City College.  Attached is the program.
December 8, "Brooklyn College Must Keep 'Going Places,'" Student Party
     The SP appeals for student votes by identifying  itself with the liberals President Roosevelt and BHE chairman Ordway Tead.
December 8, Program for Fourth Annual Convention of the American Student Union
     The motto for this convention, held December 26-30 in New York City, is "Keep Democracy Working By Keeping It Moving Forward!"
December 8, "21 Years of Soviet Progress," Karl Marx Society
     Meeting notice.  Speaker:  "Mother" Ella Reeve Bloor.
December 9, "Education for Democracy," American Student Union
     Meeting notice of discussion.  The graphics exrpess the message of oppression.
     As President of the evening American Student Union, Mozesson thanks the dean for allowing the use of College rooms for pre-Convention meetings.
December 14, "Anti-Semitism and Reaction in the R.O.T.C.?"  R.O.T.C. Club
     Meeting announcement.  Speakers include Rabbi Tinter, Father Burant, Reverend Pennell.  The flyer seems to have been recovered from the floor; note the footprint.
December 15, "I want More Democracy Here in Brooklyn College," Non-Partisan
     Announcement of meeting on Student Council election.
Dec16, "Annual Registration Meeting," Young Communist League
     The meeting includes Mass Singing and a "Swell time--Entertainment, refreshments, and dancing."
December 17, "Concert and Party," Young Communist League
      The winners of the annual contest sponsored by the Society for Advancement of Young Musicians and a four-piece band  will be playing.  Games, refreshments.  Admission, 25¢.
December 21, "The Anti-Fascist Students of New York to the General Public: Lift the Spanish Embargo," Spanish Youth of America
     Dr. Herman Reissig will address a rally supporting the Spanish struggle for democracy.  Able to buy needed equipment, the Republicans, with whom Americans are in sympathy, will win.  The flyer is crumpled, as if  thrown away.


Undated, "Educational Meeting on the Dies Committee," Civil Liberties Committee
     Meeting announcement.  Speakers: P. Earle Harris, American League for Peace and Democracy; Professors Francis C. Lathrop and Erwin Bard; Herbert Lansen, Menorah Society.
February 7, Unsigned memo
     Miss Johnson informs Dean Cosenza (?) that Dr. Spagnoli has given the American Student Union permission to hold a meeting on campus about lifting the embargo on Spain.
February 7, ""A.S.U. and Spain," Unsigned memo for Dean Cosenza
      Miss Johnson wants Dr. Cosenza's response to the American Student Union's request to distribute information about the embargo on Spain at its booth, for which it had permission.
February 15, "The Challenge to the Youth of America," Young People's Socialist League
       At its Fourth International meeting, the YPSL adopted "a fighting program for youth."  Its main headings are listed as "YPSL Fights Boss War and Militarization of Youth," "Smash Fascist Gangs," and "YPSL Leads the Fight."
February 16, "Spain's Valley Forge," Committee of One Thousand to Lift the Embargo on Spain
      Quotations from Thomas Paine are used to structure the appeal to end the embargo
February 17, "Lift the Embargo," Young Communist League
     Reprint of February 8 editorial from the Daily Worker.  Its "accurate stand" that the Republicans were successfully resisting Franco is contrasted with the false reporting of the capitalist press.
February 17, ""Lift the Embargo," Committee of 1000 to Lift the Embargo
     Meeting announcement.  Speakers: Shaemus O'Sheel and Dr. Henry Pike.
February 24, "Absolve the Conscience of America," American Student Union
     Announcement of nation-wide demonstration to lift the embargo on Spain.  Speakers: Captain Leonard Land, BC student returned from Spain, Constance Kyle, Maia Turchin, and Thomas Robinson.
February 24, "How Much Were You 'Clipped' on Books?" American Student Union
     After listing some student problems, the ASU offers to help solve these problems and others.  Attend a meeting of the Freshman Chapter.
March 3, "Students Answer the Nazi Bund," American Student Union
     Meeting and social announcement.  Speaker: Bert Witt.  Dancing, refreshments, and "a big surprise."
March 14, "Report of the Committee on Higher Education," Brooklyn Citizens' League
     After an overview of the committee's charge and academic freedom, the College's history, and its current state, the committee dismisses charges of widespread radicalism among the students, deplores the Communist publication The Staff, and makes 5 recommendations.  A handwritten note on the back page asks for the report to be returned to Edward I. Fenelon.  The maker of the question marks in the margin is not identified.
March 23, "Amalgamation," American Student Union
     Meeting announcement on amalgamating the football teams of Brooklyn College and CCNY.  Speakers:  BC's Lou Oshins opposes it; CCNY's Benny Friedman supports it.
March 23, "The Ides of March," American Student Union
     The United States has ignored disastrous events over the past 6 Marches.  But now it is taking actions that Brooklyn College students and the peace movement have demanded.  Attend the Stop Hitler Parade.
March 24, "Community Chest Presents," Community Chest
     Notice of dance, with drinks, hot dogs, etc.  10¢.  All proceeds to refugees from Spain, China, Central Europe.
March 24, "Stop Hitler!" American Student Union
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Edwin Berry Burgum.  Attend Stop Hitler Parade.
April 3, "The Path is Clear," Young Communist League
      In contrast to France and England, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. protested Nazi aggression against Czechoslovakia.  The U.S. must work closely with the Soviet Union and support Rooselt's foreign policy.
April 24, "Strike Tonight for Peace and Democracy," Model Student Congress
     Evening students meet at 9:30 PM on the athletic field.  Speakers: William Hinchley,avid McKelvy White, two student refuges, Dr. N.P. Clough, Perry Rosenberg.
April 24, "Now or Never: Keep America Out of War," Joint Anti-War Strike Committee
     Evening students meet at 9:30 PM in the athletic field to support the Oxford Pledge.  Speakers: James Burnham, Al Hamilton, and several students.
April 27 "Save Our College," American Student Union
     Announcement of rally.  Speakers: Dr. Morais, Prof. J.G. Cohen, Irv Elsier, and Blanche Kirsch.
May 1, "For Labor Unity, Recovery, Democracy and Peace!" United May Day Committee
    Two-page invitation to join the May Day parade, brief analysis of 8 topics (labor unity, New Deal gains, organizing the unorganized, freeing Warren K. Billings, quarantining Fascists, stopping Hitler and Mussolini, American enemies of  democracy, the "Neutrality" Act) and list of 8 slogans.
May 1, "Demonstrate May First! All Out to Columbus on May Day," Socialist Workers party
     Exhortation to attend the May Day demonstration to protest the listed grievances and the control of "America's 60 families, the real rulers and representatives of American capitalism."    Speakers:  Max Shachtman, E.R. McKinney, William Morgan, Bert Cochran, Ben Herman.
May 5, "Fight the Budget Cuts," Young People's Socialist League
     Militant action is needed to resist budget cuts.  Students should join with YPSL to pack the City Council budget meeting.
May 9, "Politicians at Work," Young People's Socialist League
     Politicans from the entire political spectrum are cutting education, at the beheast of capitalists.  The bootlicking of the American Student Union and the Young Communist League failed.  Direct action is needed.
May 9, "Student Party Caucus," Student Party
     Notice of meeting to nominate candidates.
May 18, "We all Want," Student Party
     Listing both local issues (more benches on campus) and global issues (no budget cuts in education), the SP urges that unity is necessary to resist the Dies Committee.  SP stands for student unity.
June 9, Letter to Harry D. Gideonse, from Herb Witt
      The Executive Secretary of the American Student Union congratulates Gideonse on being appointed president of Brooklyn College and looks forward to working with "a highly respected leader of liberal thought."
July, "Here Are the Facts: Is the American Youth Congress a Communist Front," Murray Plavner
     A flyer advertising Plavner's 93-page pamphlet attacking the AYC as a communist front.
July, "Here Are the Facts: Is the American Youth Congress a Communist Front," Murray Plavner
     An oversize flyer reprodouces excerpts from articles, quotations, and headlines on the AYC and his book.
July 31, Letter to Herb Witt, from Harry D. Gideonse
     Gideonse's response is ironic, looked at in retrospect; referring to an interesting discussion with ASU members at a camp in Westchester County, he comments, "I am not sure they all liked what I had to say, but it was a good meeting with a very representative group of students."
August 2, Letter to Prrofessor H. Gideonse, from Victor Teich
     The Administrative Secretary if the American Student Union invites Gideonse to participate in its Leadership Institute at the Blue Mountain Trail Lodge, wose purpose is to strengthen the ASU on campuses.
August 4, Letter to Victor Teich, from Harry D. Gideonse
     Gracious refusal of the invitation to attend the American Student Union Leadership Institute.
August 31, Letter to President Gideonse, from Louise Rishin
     American Student Vice President Riskin asks for rooms on campus to hold a second training school to inform some Brooklyn College students of "the function, purpose, and organization" of the ASU.
September 4, Letter to President Gideonse, from Evelyn Krasnow
       The American Student Union asks for a room to hold an executive committee meeting.
September 5?, Letter to Louise Rishin, from Harry D. Gideonse
      This letter, misdated August 5, turns down Rishin's request of August 31 for on-campus space.
September 5?, Letter to Evelyn Krasnow, from Harry D. Gideonse
     This letter, misdated August 5, turns down Krasnow's request of September 4 for on-campus space.
September 27, "Where to America," American Student Union
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Bert Witt. 
Fall, "List of Clubs under the Jurisdiction of the Faculty Student Committee on Student Activities"
     List of student clubs and faculty advisers.
September 9, "Peace Program for Campus Unity: To Keep America out of War," Anti-War League
     The League offers a program of 5 demands which can unite anti-war students on campus.
October, "Attend!!!" Non-Partisan League
     Meeting announcement for Nominating Caucus for Student Council candidates.
October 4, "Minutes," Administrative Committee
     Professsor Edward I. Fenlon's letter protesting criticsm in Vanguard was discussed and placed on file; the Committee voted its "disfavor" of this kind of action as "injudicious and detrimental" to the College.
October 4, "Roosevelt's Road to War," Politics Club
     Notice of meeting, which will answer 3 questions.  Speaker: Ernest Erber.
October 5, "Keep America out of War," Young People's Socialist League
     The European war is an imperialist war which represents the interests of England and France, and their victory will not solve Europe's problems.  It is the people who will create peace by establishing a Socialist world.  America must not join the European war.
October 5, "'Cooperate for Consolidation'," Student Party
     Meeting to nominate candidates for Student Council.
October 9, "3 Threats to Democracy," Non-Partisan League
     Democracy and academic freedom are undermined by the proposed elimination of parties, the "All College" G.O. Plan, and the "UnityPlan" proposed by the Unity Party.  Attend the NPL Nominating Caucus.
October 10, Handwritten note from E.M. to Dean Mario Cosenza, with Reply
       Elaine Garfinkel asked for permission to set up a membership table for the American Student Union.  Dean Cosenza denied the request.  A membership card is attached to the note.
October 10, Membership card for the American Student Union
     The card is double-sided.
October 10, "Register Now," American Student Union
    Students should register to vote for the City Council elections and remind their parents and other relatives also to register.  The heading was cut off in the original.
October 11, "Solve: The Refugee Problem," Avukah-Menorah Conference
     Meeting announcement. Topics include British policy in Palestine, Arab-Jewish cooperation, and the future of the Jews.  Speaker:  Yechiel Greenberg.
October 24, Letter to President Harry D. Gideonse, from Earl A. Martin
     This cover letter,  a response to attacks by the Communist Party,  enclosed Martin's statement to the Dies Committee on August 29, 1938.
October 25, "War," Avukah
     Invitation to open forum.
October 26, "The Only Room," Young People's Socialist League
     YPSL identifies itself as the only true anti-war group; the pro-Allied supporters of  President Roosevelt and the pro-Stalin-Hitler camp are merely taking opposite sides in an imperialist war fought for profits.
November 3, "By Their Deeds Shall Ye Know Them," Young Communist League
     The YCL attacks the Trotskyites for their past stands on Spain, the Soviet Union, and China and their present stands on campus issues, which would split student unity.  The YSL fights for peace and freedom.
November 8, "Open Letter to the Young Communist League," Young People's Socialist League
     YPSl contrasts its consistent characterization of the European war as imperialistic with the Communist Party and YCL's changed stand because of the Hiler-Stalin Pact and welcomes sincere Communists back into their fold. 
November 22, Letter to President's Office, from the American Student Union
     Invitation to Pens and Pencils of 1939, with two complementary tickets enclosed.
November 29, "How to Fight Coughlinism," Politics Club
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Max Shachtman.
December, "Student Party Defends Civil Liberties," Student Party
      Citing suppressions of freedoms, like the College's refusal to let Earl Browder speak on campus,  the SP asks for student votes in the Student Council election.
December 13, "The Jew and the World Crisis," Menorah
     Professor Arthur Rosenberg and Dr. Abraham Halkin discuss the fate both of Jews in Europe and of Jewish culture.
December 13, "What do you think of Finland, America, and the War?" American Student Union
     Announcement of meeting to decide ASU foreign policy and elect convention delegates.
December 13, "Politics Club Calls for Civil Liberties Committee!" Politics Club
      Citing recent events which violate student rights, the Politics Club calls on other clubs to replace the current Civil Liberties Committee, which is dominated by Stalinists, with one representing all students.
December 20, "Don't Forget!!!"  Student Party
      Student Party defends itself against an attack by President Gideonse by listing its achievements and policy, all based on campus issues, and asks for student votes in Student Council elections.
December 21, "Keep Your Fighting Spirit!"  Student Party
     R.O.T.C. cannot be allowed on campus, if students want to maintain their anti-war stance.  Vote for SP.  And, yes, the text on the original is as crooked as it appears here.


Undated, "B.A.'s in Flanders Field," American Student Union
     Four-page brochure sets out the ASU political and social agenda.  Bert Witt is speaking on "The Yanks Are Not Coming!"
Undated, "Questions from Students, Answers by Gideonse," American Student Union
     In anticipation of President Gideonse's speech to the students, the ASU reviews his stand on free education, involvement in the European war, trade unions, and free speech by students and faculty.  His views and actions show disregard for students' problems and reveal him to be a "war-monger."
Undated, "Announcement of A. Cloyd Gill's Chart of the American Youth Congress," The Publishers
     The postcard explains that the AYC Chart is being distributed before the publication of  America's Other 60 Families, because of his interest in the AYC.  The chart seems to associate the groups involved with the AYC and Communism.  He calls the AYC "Russia's first line of defense in the U.S.A."
Undated, "'Student Party is not the stooge of the Administration,'" Kingsmen-Fusion
      This flyer goes on to say that KF is not the stooge of the administration--or any other group, thereby implying that the SP is the stooge of another group, the Communist Party.
Undated, "You Can't Pull a Wilson on Us," American Student Union
      President Roosevelt's statements and actions are compared to happenings in World War I to support a policy of no aid to imperialist Britain and of alliance with China and the Soviet Union.
Undated, "An Unbroken Record," Young Communist League
     President Gideonse is denying Communist students their rights because they are the most effective opponents of his pro-war policiy.  To defend student rights and to support peace, vote Student Party.
Undated, "Oh No You Won't! If You're Sworn to the 'Party Line'--to the Finnish--You Won't Read This!"
Anti-War League
     Appealing to Liberals, the AWL points out the Stalinist subservience of the American Student and identifies itself as the only true pacifist organization.
January, "Ban the A.S.U.!" American Student Union
      The ASU implies that the movement to ban it is the result of its opposition to ROTC on campus, not its stand on the Soviet invasion of Finland.  It asks for student support and calls an emergency meeting.
January 6, Note from Arthur J. Hillary
     Arthur J. Hillary (custodian engineer) reports that 25 students attended a meeting of the American Student Union involving a rally.
January 22, Letter to Dr. Gideonse, from Christopher T. Emmet, Jr.
     Letter requesting Dr. Gideonse  to sign a telegram requesting that Senator Dies be replaced as chair of the Dies Committee.  Telegram is attached.
January 23, Telegram to Congressman Sabbath, from William Schieffelin, Guy Emery Shipler, Christopher Emmet, Jr., Frank Kingdon
     This form letter asks that new members and chairperson (Congressman Voorhees) be appointed to the Dis Committee, which has done valuable work.
January 31, Letter to President Gideonse, from The American Defense Society, Inc.
     The American Defense Society and four other organizations urge that the Communist American Student Union not be allowed to use college facilities.  This letter has four attachments:
     °  January 22, 1940, Resolution, Leaders from circa one hundred organizations
             The Board of Higher Education should outlaw the ASU and the colleges rescind its charter.
     °  January 4, 1940, "American Student Union Shows Its Colors" Murray Plavner, NY Herald Tribune
              Plavner argues that the ASU is dead because of its slavish adherence to the Soviet Union line.
     °  January 4, 1940, Collage of newspaper clippings
              The articles report opposition to the continuation of the ASU.
February 16, Statement, President Harry Gideonse
     Though "youth" and "student" groups have proven to be Communist "transmission belts," efforts to suppress the American Student Union are misguided and weaken democracy and strengthen them.
February 21, Untitled speech given to Tangs, by President Gideonse
     Educational administration must use both means and ends to nurture democracy; "autocratic supervision or selfish pressure groups" will not produce democratic attitudes.
February 21, Letter to Dr. Harry B. Gideonse, from Alice D. Butterfield
     The National Society New England Women asks Gideonse not to sanction the American Student Union or to let it meet on campus.  Enclosed is an anti-ASU resolution passed by the Women's Patriotic Conference on National Defense.
February 23, Press Release, F. P. Kilcoyne
     President Gideonse reiterates his February 16 and 21stand against suppressing the American Student Union.
February 26, "By Their Deeds. . ." American Student Union
     Seven employees at Paul's Clam Bar are on strike.  The ASU joined the picket line.  President Gideonse crosses the picket line every day.  He spoke at meeting of  the Progressive Students League, which claims to be anti-war and pro-labor.  We need unity; the ASU has fought for progressive causes.  Join the ASU. Come to a meeting.  Speaker: Maia Turchin.  Topic: "One Third of a College."
March 9, "Un-historical Grandeur," American  Student Union
     Gone with the Wind, by slandering Negroes, causes disunity in the peace movement.  Boycott the movie.  A sorority at Brooklyn College having a Gone with the Wind Dance should apologize to Negro students.
March 9, "A Series of Four Classes," American Student Union
    Four lecturers are Rajni Patel ("The Nature of the War"), Dr. Joseph ("Public Health in War"), Prof. Herbert Morais (:The Role of the U.S.A."), and Dr. Helen Lewis ("The Psychology of War Hysteria").
March 14, "For Members Only: ASU Referendum on Policy," American Student Union
     Meeting announcement.
March 14, "Let Bertrand Russell Teach," Progressive Students' League
     Meeting to assert academic freedom.  Speaker: Dean Bridgman.
March 15, "They Must Not Die!" American Student Union
     Spanish Republican fighters who fled to France must decide whether to fight in the French colonial army or return to Spain and death.  Demonstrate before the French Embassy.
March 19, "The Brooklyn College Yanks Are Not Coming!" American Youth Congress Committee and Student Council
     After listing some issues discussed at the AYC Conference in Washington, the flyer announces a meeting at which Bob McElroy, Jack Kalish, George Hangtan, and Sam Fox will report on the conference.
March 20, "In Memoriam," American Student Union
     Imperialist Britain, France, and the U.S. and fascist Italy and Germany caused the downfall of the Spanish Republic and reduced the Spanish people to misery.  Protest Daladier's ultimatum to Spanish refuges of returning to Spain or joining the French Foreign Legion; attend the Spain Memorial meeting.  Speakers: Bob Raven and Henry Hart.
April 2, "An Enemy We Have Made!" American Student Union
     Quoting Benjamin Franklin's statement, "I am proud of the enemies I have made," the ASU asserts pride in having President Gideonse as an enemy and sees this enmity as a  force binding students to the ASU.
April 2, "Peace Ball," American Student Union
     Announcement of Peace Ball and performance of Clifford Odets' play Waiting for Lefty.  Though this flyer is one sheet, it seems to be two separate announcements which have not yet been cut.
April 2, "A Call to All Jews: An Appeal to the Followers of Zionism," National Council of Jewish Communists
     Chamberlain's Palestine policy of accommodating Hitler policy has betrayed Jews and encourages Arab hostility.  Socialists and Zionists have also betrayed Jewish interests.  Only the Soviet Union has supported the Jews consistently.  This triple-fold pamphlet ends with a series of exhorations to "fight."
April 5, "Program for Peace Strike: (Passed by all College Peace Congress by Vote of 220-45)," All-College Peace Conference
     Regarding England, France, and Germany as imperialists fighting for markets and colonies, the A-CPC presents its program for averting U.S. involvement in war and protecting democracy at home, including a peace demonstration on April 19.
April 5, "Understanding Force for Peace," American Student Union
      The Peace Congress defeated a resolution condemning all totalitarianism, including Russian, by a 2-1 vote.  Concern over Finland isbeing used as a move toward war, as was "poor little Belgium" in World War I.
April 5, "The Story of the 'Grapes of Wrath' Country," Young Communist League
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Bob Wood, State organizer of Oklahoma Communist Party.
April 5, "Our Victory," American Student Union
     The ASU takes credit for the House of Representatives' rescinding cuts to the National Youth Act budget; now it proposes a drive to increase NYA funding.
April 6, "Demonstrate for Peace," American Youth Congress
     A rally at Madison Square Park.  Speakers: Jack McMichael and prominent labor, religious speakers.
April 6, "Don't Be an April Fool! "Honor" Martin Dies with the A.S.U." American Student Union
     Notice of party, with games, food, dancing.  Admission: 25¢.  This 3"x4" invitation was torn by hand.
April 8, "Magnificent Fraud," Direct Student Protest Committee
      Rigged to adopt the program of the American Student Union, the Peace Congress was "undemocratic, illegal," and unrepresentative.  Students are asked to protest. and their representatives invited to a meeting.
April 8, Petition, Direct Student Protest Committee
     The signers protest the Peace Congress, April 3, as "illegal, undemocratic, and unrepresentative."
April 9, "Kingsmen Fusion Defies the Student Body," Student Party
      SP attacks the Kingsmen Fusion Party for advocating classroom discussion of the Peace Conference and supports the strike against war called by the All College Peace Congress.
April 9, "Banned!! Banned!! 1917-1940," American Student Union
     Suppressions of student political expression in 1917 and 1940 are paired.  Protest City College's suppressing student activism by attending a rally, writing, sending post cards.
April 9, "A Personal Message," Henry Mozessor, Chairman, Committee for the Boosting United Peace Strike
      Mozessor narrates the happenings at the meeting of the Peace Conference, attacks the Progressive Students League as a strike-splitter, and  supports the Continuations Committee of the Peace Conference.
April 10, "Truth about P.S.L.," Progressive Student League
     A question-and-answer format is used to define liberalism, assert is the PSL's stand on the ASU, and invite students to an informational meeting.
April 10, "Congress Draws up Anti-War Program, K F Leaders Move to Split Strike," Peace Congress
     The Congress summarizes the chronology of the peace strike planning, connects their opponents to war-mongers, and urges students to attend the united Peace Congress Strike.
April 10, "Peace and Peanut Politicians," no organization named
     The rhetoric and stance suggest the Student Party or the Peace Congress as the authors, who defend the Peace Congress and Student Party and attack the Progressive Club, the Politics Club, and Arnold Rivkin for splitting the peace strike over the issue of condemning Russia.
April 15, "Between Scylla and Charybdis," Politics Club
     Students are warned not to be taken in by the Stalinists with their "collective security" and the reactionary "red baiters" (Kingsmen-Fusion, Progressive Student League, and the Newman Society), who support the Allies.  Turn to the "third camp" (Politics Club) to oppose imperialist war.
April 15, "A Representative Program," Kingsmen-Fusion Party
     The Kingsmen-Fusion Party claims to be democratic in opposing the ASU "Peace" Conference, which was condemned by clubs, other groups, and Student Council.  All these are supporting Student Council's peace demonstration.  Barely legible flyer.
April 15, "Louder Than Ever: American Youth Demands 'Keep U.S. Out' Of the War," Young Communist League,
     This one-sheet newspaper analyzes the war situation in Europe: the Allies are violating the neutrality of Scandanavia, , Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania to drag them into the war on the Allied side.  Only Russian policy and action prevented this outcome.  Both the Allies and the Nazis are imperialist.  Americans must protest Roosevelt's involving the U.S. in war on the Allied side.
April 16,"'We're Going places'--Over Here," United Peace Congress
     Strike Bulletin #5 attacks President Roosevelt of  leading the country into war, accuses Kingsman Fusion,  the Progresive Student League, and the Student Faculty Committee for splitting the Peace Conference.
April 16, "Say Son! Once Was Enough," United Peace Congress
    Four-page invitation for a parent-student forum on "How to Keep U.S. out of War."  Play: Johnny Got His Gun.
April 16, "Our Lives Are at Stake! Strike for Peace," Peace Conference Continuations Committee
     Instructions for the Peace Strike.  Six speakers listed.
April 16, "Student Council Wants Unity," Special Peace Committee, Student Council and Majority of Vanguard Executive Board (5 names listed)
     Students must attend the peace Strike to protest the U.S.'s entering the war with Hitler. The flyer details the creating of a bi-partisan board to direct the strike and the continuation of the divisive infighting.   
April 16, "On Guard Against the Warmakers," United Committee for a Genuine Anti-War Strike
     This group, supported by the Political Science Club, Student Workers Party, and Young Peoples Socialist League 4th International, claims to be the true anti-war group; it supports the Oxford Pledge.
April 16, "Warning," Student Party
      The SP accuses Kingsmen-Fusion Party, Progressive League, and President Gideonse of interfering with the Peace Strike of the All College Peace Congress.
April 16, "Wake up! Students," Progressive Student Party
     The PSP urges students to attend the strike for "peace," at which the effigy of reason will be burned and Hitler be tacitly supported. The PSP denies being pro-war, asks for students' votes as the true peace party, and lists several planks from its platform.
April 16
     Instructions for tonight's strike for peace.  Speakers include Michael J. Quill, Prof. Edwin B. Burgum, Dr. Harry B. Smith, Sam Fox, Priscilla Caesar, and Maia Turchin.
April 16, "Student Council Wants Unity," Student Council and Majority of Vanguard Executive Board
     Acknowledging the threat of war, the groups will support the April 19th strike provided certain conditions are met.
April 16, "Stop Lynching!!!!" Committee for the Anti-lynch Bill
     After quoting the Constitutuion and citing statistics on lynching, the Committee concludes the reader must support the Federal Anti-lynching Bill and announces a meeting.  Speaker: Louis Burnham, on the bill.
April 17, "Victory--thru Exhaustion," Progressive Student League
      Though 400 students attended the Peace Congress Wednesday night, 95 students imposed their policy of not condemning the Soviet Union as a dictatorship on the College's 6,000 students, simply by refusing to adjourn at 11:30 PM and taking a vote at 1:15 AM..  Support the PSL's "fight against controlled politics."
April 17, "Rep. Coffee to Address Peace Congress Strike Tomorrow at 11," Continuations Committee of the All-College Peace Congress
     A two-page newsletter supporting the Peace Strike and attacking war-mongers:  "Keep America Out of the Imperialist War!," "Parent-Student Forum on War Tonight," "Roosevelt Now Follows War-Road of Wilson," "2000 Sign Petitions Supporting All-College Peace Strike," "A Negro Looks at Imperialist War."
April 17, "Don't Be a Slacker in the Fight Against War," American Student Union
     Instructions for Peace Congress stoppage on that day.  This flyer also appears in the fiiles dated May 24.
April 18, "No Compromise with Imperialism," Peace Congress
     Students should unite against imperialist war by supporting the Peace Congress strike of April 19.  International manifestations of imperialism are echoed on campus.
April 18, "What Have You to Gain from this War?" Karl Marx Society
     Mac Weiss will discuss why Communist deputies are jailed in France, communists are persecuted here, and Marxism is being "reconsidered" and attacked.
April 18, "Put up or Shut up," Affiliated Young Democrats
     After comparing Vanguard to a prostitute, the AYD challenges the American Student Union/Vanguard to debate
April 18, "We Are Coming to the All College Peace Strike," Yanks Are not Coming Committee
     The Yanks Council endorses the program and rally of the All-College Peace Committee.
April 18, "'Peace'--Its Wonderful," Progressive Student League
     The Student Council's efforts to compromise having failed, the PSL supports the Student Council rally and lists six slogans for the rally.
April 19, "'We're Going Places'--Over Here," United Peace Congress
     After rebuking Eleanor Roosevelt for recent actions, the UPC attacks President Roosevelt for his pro-war policies and actions.  Kingsman Fusion and the Progressive Students League are splitting the the United Peace Conference by sponsoring their own peace rally. UPC advertises its Strike.
April 19, "Strike Against Imperialist War! for the Third Camp!" Politics Club and Avukah
     Meeting announcement.
April 19, "Birds of a Feather.....," Politics Clubs
     Two enemies (the Stalinist American Student Union and the pro-Allied, pro-war Student Council) have joined forces. The only genuine anti-war organization is the Third Camp.  Join our anti-war strike.
April 19, "Brooklyn College Unites Peace," All College Peace Conference
     Brooklyn College students are united against America's involvement in imperialist war and have adopted a program with 6 slogans and 3 speakers, Congressman John Coffee, Morris Watson, and Dr. Lathrop.
April 19, "Student Rights Is Right with the Students!!!" Students Rights Party
     Students should vote for the SRP based on its record (5 achievements are listed) and its platform (6 planks are listed).
April 20, Sentinel: Let Freedom Ring, American Student Union
     Evening students' four-page magazine includes articles--"Reorganization," George Squier; "N.Y.A.," A. Turkowitz; "Strike for Peace, April 20" (editorial), Bernard Gruber--and a full-page ad for the Peace Ball.
     Students are exhorted to attend the stoppage and given instructions on what to do and where to go.
April 24, "No Victory thru ConFUSION," Student Party
     The SP berates Kingsmen-Fusion for red-baiting, refusing to debate, having no real issues, and not supporting the anti-war stoppage till the end.  Students will continue supporting SP.
April 25, "No War for Us," Peace Assembly of the City Council of Youth (Cleveland, Ohio)
     A 12-page pamphlet attacks "unjust" wars like the war against Fascism, Roosevelt for moving us toward war, England as an imperialist nation, and other groups.  It proposes that youth organize into committees to oppose the U.S.'s becoming embroiled in the war.
April 26, "Do not Beg for Peace / Demand it!" United Peace Congress
     Four thousand students attended our April 19th Peace Strike.  The government wants war, as in shown in lists of actions and speeches by President Roosevelt, Mayor LaGuardia, and President Gideonse.
April 26, "Students Vs. Gideonse," American Student Union
     Comparing statements and programs of the New Deal and President Gideonse, the ASU announces they both will lead to war.
April 27, "Stop a Class--Not a Bullet," American Student Union, Kaleidoscope, Karl Marx Society, Student Council, 11 heads of student organizations, and 3 community groups
April 28, "Victory for Democracy," American Student Union
     The ASU won a victory: the outcry over its suspension prevented its being suspened in the summer and fall.  President Roosevelt is pursuing a  fascist course and suppressing the American people.
April 30, "The Fight 'Over Here,' not the Fight 'Over There,'" N.Y.A. Workers and Applicants Club
     Meeting announcement.  Speakers: Dave Jenkins and George Feigenbaum.
April 30, "Betrayers of Youth Beware," Affiliated Young Democrats
     The truth about the American Student Union will be revealed.  Speakers: Hon. Joseph A. Esquirol, Martin Daniel Kellman, and William Kramer.
May, "Repudiate Clique Control," Kingsman Fusion
     This postcard lists the majoar candidates.  Half the card is an ad for Manhattan Book Stores, Inc.
May, "Chameleons Do It Too--Change Color," Kingsmen Fusion
     Changing colors to survive, the American Student Union chose a "safe" candidate to run against Arnold Rivkin, the chairman of the Continuations Committee, Paul Borsky, whose ASU-dominated committee purged the non-ASU minority.  KF candidates are "democratic, competent and worthy."
May 2, "12 Hours for Peace," Progressive Students League
     Announcement of series of events in cooperation with peace groups in the City.  Speaker: Norman Thomas and others.  Anti-war movies.
May 7, "This nation is dedicated to the proposition. . .," Negro Study Forum
     Quoting the Declaration of Independence and the 13th Amendment, the Negro Study Forum describes the abuses perpetrated upon Negroes, asserts the importance of passing the Gavigan Anti-Lynch Bill and the Geyer Anti-Poll-Tax Bill, analyzes politics, and announces a meeting.  Speaker: Rev. Whitfield. on "Negro Youth and Labor."    Flyer is illegible in places.
May 8, "The Soviet Union and the War," Politics Club
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Milt Miller.
May 9, "Stop the Rapp Investigation," American Student Union
    This dual-purpose flyer announced a rally opposing the Rapp-Coudert investigation and also announces its annual fundraiser musical, Pens and Pencils of 1940.
May 10, "Student Party Caucus," Student Party
     Meeting announcement.
May 13, "A New Party Is Formed," Socialist Anti-War Party
     Students are no longer limited to a choice of the Student Party (= YCL-ASU) and Kingsmen-Fusion Party (= reactionary, pro-ROTC).  Vote for the Socialist Anti-War Party for Student Council.
May 13, "Vanguard Exposes Peace Congress Committee," Kingsman Fusion
     Student Council, KF, and Vanguard have condemned the Peace Conference and its Continuations Committee, who are all Student Party candidates for Student Council Executive Board.
May 14, "Student Party Program and Candidates," Student Party
     Campaign flyer for the Executive Committee of Student Council.  The platform includes many  international and national issues. Barely legible in places.
May 14, "Louder than Ever," United Peace Congress
     After exposing President Roosevelt's moves toward war, the flyer asserts Americans do not want to die for Wall Stress profits.  Tosupport real neurality, no more Negro lynchings, and Negro votes, attend another protest rally Friday.
May 15, Independent, Student Party
     A 2-page campaign newsletter attacks Kingsman-Fusion and extolls the SP as the progressivev candidates with the only progressive platform.
May 17, "Kingsmen Fusion Oppose War," Kingsmen Fusion
     KF insists that it opposes war and that an anti-war stand is not a party issue, but the "broad sentiment of the student body."  KF telegrammed President Roosevelt urging that America not go to war.
May 17, "Stoppage Friday: Act Now for Peace or Forever After Hold a Gun," American Student Union
      Capitalists are moving America toward war.  Americans are organizing to resist war.  Students must show their opposition by  attending the rally.  "Stop a class today--don't stop a bullet tomorrow!"
May 17, "Crime!" Student Party
     Text and a graphic attack President Roosevelt, President Gideonse, and Kingsmen-Fusion, "the enemy of the students," for their pro-war support.  Students must elect SP, the Peace Party, to Student Council.  Anti-war demonstration; speakers: Harper Poulson, Professor Ewen, Fitz Squires.  This flyer shows the speed with which students produced flyers; FDR made the opening statement the day before, May 16.
May 20, "Seen in Democratic America," American Student Union
     Discrimination against Negros and Jews is common.  Work to pass the Anti-lynch Bill, the Geyer Anti Poll Tax Bill.  Meeting.  Speakers: Bernard Harkavy and Bert Alois.
May 20, "Court of Student Opinion: Writ of Indictment of Student Party," Kingsmen Fusion
     SP is indicted for  abusing students' general welfare, on four counts; three exhibits are offered.  The student body is asked to sentence SP by electing KF in the May 24 elections.
May 20, "Straight From the Shoulder," Student Party
     In a six-fold flyer, the SP features Paul Borsky, with an endorsement from Negro leader Fitz Squires and brief statements from SP candidates for top Student Council positions.
May 21, "In Defense of American Peace," Kingsmen Fusion
     The KF platform focuses on peace and college issues, e.g., protect free education and appy the Bill of Rights to students. 
May 21, "National Unity--For What?"  Evening American Student Union
     President Roosevelt 's stand allies him with Wall Street.  In World War I, unity meant money for Wall Street, death and maiming for the people.  Today it is an attack on the people, who say "no."  Join the ASU.
May 22, "Down with the War!  All Out Friday at 10 O'Clock," Politics Club and Young People's Socialist League
     Because Kingsman-Fusion and President Gideonse support the Allies and the American Student Union and Young Communist League support Stalin and Hitler, the PC and YPSL are calling a peace action.
May 23, "Draft Against War," Continuations Committee
      After an inflammatory introduction, Paul Borsky uses the device of a letter to the President to express  anti-war defiance and urge students to attend the nationwide student stoppage.
May 23, "All Students: Join the Anti-War Stoppage Friday at 10:00 A.M.," Peace Congress
     After appealing to Negro students, Christian students, Jewish students, science students, social science students, and athletic students, the Peace Congress lists clubs and individuals supporting the stoppage.
May 23, "Save Our Schools," Student Party
     As in 1917, politicians are cutting school funds as part of preparation for war.  SP implies mealy-mouthed  Kingsman-Fusion really supports Roosevelt and Gideonse's war drive.  SP stands for action.
May 24,"Youth is Not Youth's Enemy, Keep America Out of War," American Student Union
     Four-page letter to the President denounces President Roosevelt's manipulation of language and ideals like democracy to lead us into war.  American students join with students around the world and American organizations to oppose capitalist, imperialist war.
May 24, "Don't Scab on Peace," Peace Congress
     Flyer with instructions for the Stoppage.
May 24, "Report on Brooklyn College Peace Strike," Arthur J. Hillary
     Hillary summarizes the two competing events, identifying time, organizations, location, attendance, speakers, and topics.  He also adds his observations.
May 24, "All out Against the War!" Politics Club and Y.P.S.L. (4th International)
     Peace meeting announcement, with map of location.
May 24, Letter to Teaching Staff, from President Harry Gideonse
      Student elections are being held at the beginning of 11:00 and 2:00 classes; this flyer lists the rules for this experiment.
May 24, "Rivkin, Margolin, Pres, Vice-Pres. of Student Council Running for Re-election," Kingsmen Fusion
     This flyer lists the credentials of the KF slate.
May 24, "The Trend: It's K.F. 2 to 1," Kingsmen Fusion
     Pointing out its victories in the previous 5 elections, KF identifies the reason for its successes: the exposure of the Student Party.  KF presents itself as the party for peace, academic freedom, increased social life, etc.  The purple line on the bottom obscures, "Don't cut classes on Friday--be there to vote K.F."
May 24, "J'Accuse," Kingsmen-Fusion
     KF hurls five accusations against the Student Party, ranging from misrepresentation to destroying campus unity.  The bottom quarter of the flyer is an ad for Barron's Bookstore.
May 24, Letter to Department Chairmen, from Mario Cosenza
      The Dean wants to know the impact of the stoppage on classes by 2 PM.  The unsigned, undated handwritten list seems to be the checklist of each departments response to his letter.
May 24, "The Student Comes First" (envelope), Student Party
      The envelope contains a Letter to the Student  Body, which is the flyer "Nothing Else to Do but Elect Student Party."  It sets forth the SP platform and slate for Student Council.
May 27, "Students Gagged,"  American Student Union and All College Peace Congress
     The suspension of the ASU is aimed at the 4000 who struck for peace.  The suspension was not because of whistle blowing and other noises but perhaps to close down the most outspoken anti-war organizations.  Protest.  Attend rally; sign petitions; pass resolutions; write letters.
May 27, Minutes of the Meeting of May 24, 1940, Faculty-Student Committee on Student Activities
     The minutes summarize testimony of students, faculty, and administrators concerning the meeting sponsored by the Peace Congress Continuations Committee of May 17 and the stoppage of May 24.  A resolution to suspend the American Student Union and the Continuations Committee for the rest of the semester passed by a vote of 6 to 4.
May 27, "Who Is America's 5th Column?" Young Communist League
     Drawing parallels between the persecution of aliens in World War I and current attacks on the "Fifth Column," the YCL charges the Roosevelt Government and Wall Street with being the Fifth Column.  Hear Eli Jaffe, just back from Oklahoma City, speak.
May 27, Letter to President Gideonse, from James L. Armstrong
     Armstrong ambiguously encloses "a wonderful example of English composition" which "might interest you."  The enclosure is a flyer put out by the American Student Union, "The People Against the War-makers."
May 27, "Who is America's 5th Column?" Young Communist League
     The YCL identifies the Fifth Column as Roosevelt, his government, and Wall street, with a campaign to create hysteria about immigrants, unions, etc.  Meeting, with Eli Jaffe,  speaking.
May 28, "Killed in Action: 'John Student,' Will It Be You?" American Student Union
     No student wants war.  President Roosevelt is moving us toward war and threatening your life.  Act to keep out of war--write letters and send telegrams to the President every week; join the ASU.
May 28, Press Release, Brooklyn College
     The press release announced the temporary suspension of the American Student Union and the Peace Continuations Committee and the reasons why the Faculty-Student Committee took this action.
May 28, Letter, Mabel Houk King to President Gideonse
     King protests the suspension of the American Student Union.
May 28, Letter to President Harry D. Gideonse,  from John Spagnoli
     The Secretary for the Committee on Student Activities forwards a draft of the resolution suspending the Peace Continuations Committee and the American Student Union.
May 28, Letter to Dr. Mario Cosenza, from John Spagnoli
     The Secretary for the Committee on Student Activities forwards a draft of the resolution suspending the Peace Continuations Committee and the American Student Union.  The letter and draft are identical to those sent President Gideonse.
May 28, Minutes of the Meeting of May 28, 1940, Faculty Student Committee on Student Activities
     The Committee acted on a protest from the Director of the Summer Session on ending the suspension on June 17th and on faculty advisors for student groups/organizations.
May 28, Memorandum to Mr. Hillary, from Dean Bridgmen
       Permission is given to Alex Lipshitz for the N.Y.A. Workers and Applicants' Club to hold a rally on "Civil Rights of Students" on May 20 on campus.
May 28, "Report on Evening Session Peace Strike," Arthur Hillary
     The custodial engineer briefly characterizes the speeches, notes an actor was almost arrested for the language in a passage being read, and ends by opining that, though there was no disorder, "if these meetings continue there will be trouble" because of "remarks made by people other than students in the crowd."
May 29, "Majority Report," Faculty Student Committee on Student Activities
     The "Majority Report" discussing the suspension of the American Student Union is essentially identical to the "Report to the Faculty."  There are minor stylistic changes and two paragraphs on page 3 are omitted from the "Report to the Faculty":  the next to last paragraph starting "The students failed to convince the majority" and the paragraph following the names of the committee members.  A handwritten note states Faculty Council accepted this report on June 13.
May 29, Letter to Friend, from the American Student Union
     The ASU characterizes the suspension of the ASU as an expresison of President Gideonse's pro-war and anti-union biases, asks for help, and outlines a protest campaign.  A two-page summary of events, "Facts on the Brooklyn College Day Session Case Concenring the Suspension of the American Student Union on May 24th," includes student reaction and the membership of the Committee for the Defense of Student Rights.
May 29, "Our Job Is Here," Peace Committee and Progressive Students League
     Imperialist England and France's cries to Americans to join their fight for democracy has found adherents, like Roosevelt and Gideonse.  But students are adamantly opposed to war.  Attend the Memorial Day Rally.
May 29, Letter to Teaching Staff, from President Harry Gideonse
       The President's cover letter for the "Report to the Faculty" asks all instructors to read the report to students and post it in all classrooms.
May 29, "Report to the Faculty of Brooklyn College," Faculty Student Committee on Student Activities
      In a four-page report, the Committee votes, 6 to 4, to suspend the American Student Union and the Peace Congress Continuations Committee till the end of the semester; it also details the actions warranting the suspension and the defense offered by the representatives of the two organizations.
May 29, Memorandum to Paul Borsky and Harold Susselman, from Ralph Bridgman
     The Dean spells out exactly what suspension of the Peace Congress Continuations Committee means.
May 29, Press Release, Office of the President
     This three-page press release recapitulates a memorandum submitted by seven members of the Faculty-Student Committee on Student Activities.  It details the hearing investigating the disruption of May 27 and justifies the decision to suspend the two responsible groups temporarily.
May 29, "Defend Academic Freedom," Committee for Defense of Students Rights
     A violation of student rights, the suspension of the American Student Union and the Continuations Committee was motivated by their anti-war stance.  Sign petitions to rescind the suspension.  Attend the protest rally; speaker: Professor Frederic Ewen.  A names of 33 students with affilations are listed.
May 29, Letter, Anita Rinzberg and Claire Neikind to President Gideonse
     Two members of the Faculty-Student Committee on Student Activities protest the suspension.  They change the grounds of the  suspension to a denial of  free speech and opposition to anti-war activities.
May 29, "Let the Students Clean Their Own House!" Politics Club and Young Peoples Socialist League
     Making clear they oppose the politics and pro-Hitler war policy, the PC and YPSL protest the suspension of the Stalinist American Student Union.  Fighting the ASU is the job of informed students.
May 29, "Our Job Is Here," Peace Committee and Progressive Students League
     Decrying the devasations of World War I and war policies of FDR, Gideonse, imperialist France and England, the PC and PSL support the Memorial Day Peace Rally and pledge themselves to a platform.  The bottom quarter of the flyer is an ad for Shiffer Book Stores.
May 29, "Not ¢¢¢¢¢¢¢ for Social Needs!" American Student Union
      Budget cuts fueled by war hysteria threaten students' education; Gideonse's support for war is tied to the suspension of the American Student Union and Peace Congress.  Protest by joining the mass student delegation to the Committee on Discipline.  Note: the top of the flyer seems cut off., and a handwritten note on the back of the flyer reads, "Found on Desk in Room 3159A June 4.
May 29, "War Hits the Campus," American Student Union
     The ASU was suspended because of its unceasing anti-war activities, not for violating college regulations. The suspensions violate academic freedom and, thereby, students' ability to resist the European Imperialist War.  A preparation for 1917 was the destruction of student peace organizations.
May 29, Letters and Postcards, May 29 - June 18
      An outpouring of letters and postcards from individuals protested the suspension of the American Student Union and the Peace Congress, some of which were saved.  For ease in reading them and seeing the writers' arguments and passion, I have gathered them together.
May 31, Letter, President Gideonse to Mable Houk King
     The President defends the suspensions.  There are two carbon copies of this letter.
May 31, "Has B.C. Seceded from the Union?"  Committee for the Defense of  Student Rights
     A two-page flyer.  Students want active protest against the war.  The administration is singling out the ASU for punishment.  The ASU lists a series of "exhibits" to prove that it is being treated differently from other organizations and that administrators are lying and producing false documents.  Support the ASU by bringing parents to delegation to President Gideonse, writing, signing petition, phoning.  Attend rally.  Speakers: Prof. Fred Ewen, Elton Gustafson, Fitz Squires, and Paul Borsky. Flyer is crumpled and slightly torn.
May 31, Letter to Claire Neikind, American Student Union, from President Gideonse
     The President defends the suspensions.  Copies of this letter were sent to Dean Bridgman and Prof. Wolfson; however, the fact that there are three clear additional carbon copies of this letter, headed "copies," suggests that blind copies may have been sent.  A good typist could get 4 to 5 readable carbon copies to an original letter.
May 31, Letter to Dr. Harry Gideonse, from Nathan Shapiro
     Shapiro attacks the ASU, advocates banning it, and characterizes youth as lacking values such as discipline, respect for superiors and teachers, and loyalty and accurate econmic and political knoweldge.
May 31, "ASU, Peace Congress Suspended for Rest of Term: Violations of College Rules in Stoppage Cited by Committee," Beatrice Lorber, Vanguard, pages 1, 4
May 31, "An Editorial" (on the suspension of the ASU), Vanguard, page 1
May 31, "Kingsmen-Fusion Sweeps 17 of 20 Posts in College-Wide Poll; Rivkin Re-Elected: Entire Exec. Board, Class Officers, 6 of 9 Council Seats Gained by Party," Vanguard, pages 1, 4
May 31, "PSL Hears Norman Thomas at Anti-War Meeting: Executive Committee Hits Suspension of A.S.U.," Vanguard, page 1
May 31, "ROTC, Vanguard Discuss Peace, Preparedness," Vanguard, page 1
May 31, "Student Council Must Stand Firm for Peace" (editorial, written before ASU suspension), Vanguard, page 2
May 31, "35 College Editors Blast Roosevelt War Drive," Chester Burger, Vanguard, page 2
May 31, "An Open Letter," Joe Wershba, page 2
     Political commentary, addressed to Joe College, is based on a trip cross country.
May 31, Letter to the Editor, Anitz Rinzbert and Claire Neikind, page 2
     Two student members of the Faculty-Student Committee on Student Activities protest the suspensions.
May 31, "Petition," Peace Continuation Committee
      The petition demands the immediate reinstatement of Norman Shapiro and an open hearing of the Committee of Discipline.
May 31, Letter to the Editor, History 65B and Philosophy 12D
     Students in two classes unanimously protest the suspensions.
May 31, "Letter to the Editor, Walter R. Jones
     The Student Christian Association asserts no one was authorized to use its name in a pamphlet distributed by the "Committee for Defense of Students' Rights."
May 31, Leter to President Harry Gideonse, from the Players Evening Session
     By a vote of 26-2, the Players protest the suspensions and urge their re-instatement.
May 31, Letter to President Harry Gideonse, from George Feigenbaum
     The Cooks, Countermen, Soda Dispensers and Assistants Union protests the suspension of the American Student Union as a violation of academic freedom.
May 31, "Protest Suspension of Norman Shapiro for Anti-War Activities," Peace Conference Continuations Committee, American Student Union, and Committee for Reinstatement of Norman Shapiro
     Failure to fight Shapiro's suspension threatens the anti-war movement at the College and free speech.  Director Park refused to meet with student leaders and Student Council.  Rally at 10:30 this evening.
May 31, Memo to Dean Ralph Bridgman, from Arthur Hillary
     The N.Y.A. Workers and Applicants' Club did not hold the rally scheduled for May 29.
June 3, Letter, Samuel Nesin, Local 104, to President Gideonse
       The United Retail and Wholesale Employees of America protests the suspension of the American Student Union and the Peace Congress.
June 3, Letter to President Gideonse, from Morris Kerstein, Workers Alliance of Greater New York
     The Workers Alliance protests the suspension of the American Student Union and the Peace Congress.
June 3, Letter, President Evelyn Adler, Social Service Employees' Union, to President Gideonse
     The Union protests the suspension of the American Student Union and the Peace Congress.
June 3, Letter to Mrs. B.W. Burger, from President Gideonse
     The President defends the suspensions.
June 3, Resolution, Brooklyn College Chapter of the New York College Teachers Union
     The Union supports the purpose of the demonstration, disapproves of any failure to observe college regulations, asks that the harsh suspension be rescinded.
June 3, Letter to George Feigenbaum, from President Harrry Gideonse
     Gideonse asserts that the American Student Union was suspended because of it violated college regulations, not because it opposes war; he attachs the findings of the Faculty-Student Committee which decided on suspension.  The same letter was sent to Lorina Lasker, Civil Liberties Committee, on June 5; to Burton Sutta,  the Fur Merchants Employees Union, on July 3; to Peter Hawley, the United Office and Professional Workers of America, on June 20,
June 3, "Examination---for Peace!" Committee for Defense of Student Rights
     Using the format of an essay test, the flyer instructs students to conclude their answers with actions against war; failing the test is "a graduation into Flanders Field!" 
June 4, Letter to President Gideonse, from Leon Straus
     The Fur Floor and Shipping Clerks' Union protests the suspensions.
June 4, Letter to President Gideonse, from Mable Houk King
     Replying to President Gideonse's lettter, she defends her protest against the suspensions.
June 4, Letter, President Gideonse to Samuel Nesin, Local No. 104
       The President defends the suspensions.  This letter was also sent to Morris Kerstein, Organizer, Workers' Alliance of Greater New York and to Evelyn Adler, President, Social Service Employees Union on June 4 as well as to Leon Straus, Manager, Fur Floor and Shipping Clerks Union on June 5.
June 5, Letter to President Harry Gideonse, from Mario Cosenza
     The Dean forwards the chairmen's report of the stoppage's impact on classes.  The attachment is not in the files.
June 5,"Declaration for Academic Freedom,"  More than 55 student leaders and club presidents signed
     Because of the importance of academic freedom now, the signatories approve the reinstatement of Norman Shapiro but urge reversing the suspension of the ASU and Peace Congress immediately.
June 5, "Organize for Academic Freedom," Committee for the Defense of Student Rights
     The campaign to reinstate the American Student Union and the Peace Congress incides signing the petition, continue telephone picketing President Gideonse's office, sending him telegrams, and picketing his home.
June 5, "Shapiro Reinstated: Mass Student Protest Brings Victory for Academic Freedom," Committee for the Defense of Student Rights
     The discipline committee reversed Director Park's suspension of Shapiro for his anti-war protest; students must continue the campaign to reinstate the American Student Union and the Peace Congress.
June 6, Letter to President Gideonse, from Rita Murphy, United American Artists
     The union protests the suspensions.
June 7, Letter to J. Meyerowitz, Bakery & Confectionary Workers, from President Gideonse
     The union protests the suspensions.  This letter was also sent to Florina Lasker, Chairman, Civil Liberties Committee on June 5; to Rita Murphy, Executive Secretary, United American Artists on June 17; to Aaron D. Schneider, Business Manager, United Retail & Wholesale Employees of New York on June 19and to G.R. Spota, North East Bronx Youth Council on June 21.
June 10, "You Can't Flunk Freedom," (Members of) American Student Union  and Peace Congress
     The suspension of the ASU and Norman Shapiro is part of  the pro-war campaign of General Gideonse and President Roosevelt.  We will not be led into war.  Rally before President Gideonse's home.
June 11, Letter to Executive Committee of the Brooklyn College Chapter of the New York College Teachers Union, Faculty Student Committee on Student Activities
     Responding to the Union resolution of June 3, the committee defends its suspension of the American Student Union and the Peace Congress, asserts its past support of peace demonstrations, accuses the ASU and PC with misrepresenting the facts and the Union of acting irresponsibly, and ends with its own resolution reaffirming its action, reprimanding the student leaders, and recommending its policies be continued.
June 11, Minutes, Faculty-Student Committee on Student Activities
     The Committee dealt with a complaint concerning the Young Democrats and issues concerning the suspensions; it heard a student discuss student opinion about the suspensions.
June 11, Letter to President Gideonse, from Plato Davour
       The President of the Architects, Engineers, Chemists, & Technicians protests the suspension of the American Student Union.
June 12, Minutes, Faculty Student Committee on Student Affairs
     The committee dealt with a letter to the Brooklyn College Chapter of the Union, its majority report, a minority report by Miss Neikind, Mr. Pomerance, and Miss Rinzburg, a minority report by Mr. Rivkin, and a report by Dean Bridgman.  It passed resolutions on banning student organizations, misleading leaflets, and reprimanding Mr. Borsky. Also considered were President Gideonse's belief charters for student organizations had to be renewed each year and the use of Room 4200-A.
June 12, "Majority Report," Faculty-Student Committee on Student Activities
     The two-page report summarizes and interprets events after the suspension of the American Student Union and the Continuations Committee of the Peace Congress.
June 12, "Minority Report," Claire Neikind, Isidore Pomerance, and Anita Rinzburg
     The signers assert that the Faculty-Student Committee never met to "consider" and did not officially submit the "Majority Report."  After reviewing the facts, the writers defend their belief that the suspensions were both too harsh and discriminatory and suggest only the Peace Continuations Committee be reprimanded. The minority members accept two resolutions of June 12.  The report was read at Faculty Council on June 13.
June 12, "Minority Report," Arnold Rivkin
     Rivkin agrees with the finding of fact of the "Majority Report" and supports the anti-war movement; however, he is concerned that the suspension was too severe and could be seen as supporting elements trying to suppress the American Student Union in the city colleges.  It was read at Faculty Council on June 13.
June 12, Resolutions, Faculty Student Committee on Student Activities
     The committee asks Faculty Council to restate support for rules governing student organizations and disapproves of inexact flyers and asks Student Council to find ways to avoid misrepresentations in flyers.  Faculty Council passed the resolutions.
June 12, "Support Rally," no organization named
     This handpainted flyer for a rally against war hysteria and against attacks on academic freedom was done in a variety of colored art paper and paints.
June 12, Letter to Faculty-Student Committee on Student Activities, Robert K. Speer
     Concerned at students' "widespread fears" because of the suspension of the American Student Union and the Peace Continuations Committee, the president of the College Teachers Union suggests that the committee needs to reassure students concerning their liberties and he offers policies to achieve that end..
June 14, Letter to College Teachers Union, from John J. Spagnoli
    The secretary of the Faculty-Student Committee on Student Activities defends its actions as in the best interest of the college, points out flaws in the union's letter, and calls the union's action "unwise."
June 14, "Brief on the Suspension of the American Student Union at Brooklyn College," ASU
    This eight-page defense begins by connecting the ASU's actions and the stoppage with the entire peace movement and defense of academic freedom as well as freedom of speech in general. It then recapitulates events.  The ASU also claims a membership of 750.
June 14, Letter to President Harry Gideonse, from John J. Spagnoli
     The secretary of the Student Activities Committee officially informs Gideonse of its suspension of the Day American Student Union and the Peace Congress Continuations Committee till June 17.
June 17, Letter to President Harry Gideonse, from Wayne Paschal
     The American Communications Association, C.I.O, protess the suspensions of Paul Borsky and Harold Susselman and request that their suspensions and that of the American Student Union be revoked.
June 18, Letter to President Gideonse, from Aaron D. Schneider, United Retail & Wholesale Employees of New York
     Local 906-B protests the suspensions.
June 18, Letter to Wayne Paschal, from Harry Gideonse
     Gideonse points out Paul Borsky and Harold Susselman were never suspended and suggests he consider the trustworthiness of his source of information.
June 18, Letter to Pesident Gideonse, from Peter Hawley
     The United Office and Professional Workers of America protests the suspension of the American Student Union and demands it be reinstated and that "all future attempts at discrimiantion or intimidation be suspended."
June 20, Press Release, Executive Committee of Student Council
     The press release repudiates the demonstration in front of President Gideonse's home and dissociates the student body from the activities of a small minority.
June 20, Letter to Plato Davor, from President Harry Gideonse
     Gideonse sends Davour his standard response to support of the American Student Union.
June 20, Letter to Members of the Board of Higher Education, from President Harry Gideonse
     Cover letter for the "Report" of the Faculty-Student Committee on Student Activities of May 29, its "Majority Report" of June 12, and the statement of the Executive Committee of  Student Council of June 20.
June 23, "Cap and Gown," New Masses, page 23
     This article, which distinguishes President Gideonse from other college presidents for his warlike speech, is checkmarked in the New Masses.
June 24, Letter to Elton Gustafson, from President Harry Gideonse
     Gideonse threatens Gustafon with charges because of his involvement with the American Student Union.
June 24, Memorandum to Oscar Irvin, from President Harry Gideonse
     Gideonse quotes the Minutes of the Faculty-Student Committee on Student Activities for the Director of Summer Session about the failure of a motion to allow the American Student Union the same privileges as other student organizations, by a vote of 4 to 6.
June 24, Summary of events from May 24 to June 24, unsigned
     The events involving elections for Student Council, the suspension of the American Student Union and the Continuations Committee and responses thereto, and Elton Gustafson are set forth.
June 25, Letter to President Harry Gideonse, from Daniel Allen
     The State, County and Municipal Workers of America protest the suspension of hte American Student Union and the Peace Congress and urge lifting the suspensions.
June 26, "Conscription--for What?" American Student Union
     The ASU attacks "defense" which abrogates American's rights and furthers imperialist goals, which include arms profits and war.  Its response is students' sending protest telegrams joining the ASU.
June 26, Letter to President Gideonse, from Burton Sutta
     The Fur Merchants Employees Union opposes any curtailing of students' rights, like the suspending of the A.S.U. and Peace Committee, and urges Gideonse "to let the students carry on their splendid work."
June 30, Letter to President Gideonse, from (Mrs) G. Frant
     The Jamaica Peace Council protests the suspension of the American Student Union and invites any evidence that this action does not violate the rights of free speech and of free assemblage.
July 1, Letter to Nathan Shapiro, from President Harry Gideonse
     Gideonse agrees with many of the sentiments of Nathan's letter of May 31 and encloses the Student Council resolution on the A.S.U.'s suppression.
July 1, "A Real Problem for National Defense," American Student Union
     The ASU proposes "a great national movement" to elect "men who act of, by, and for the people" and calls on labor, youth and peace groups to send delegates to the Emergency Peace Mobilization in Chicago.
July 2, Letter to Daniel Allen, from Harry Gideonse
     In response to Allen's letter of June 25, Gideonse questions the accuracy of his information as the American Student Union "is active on the campus at present."
July 2, "We Call upon the Students to Unite for Peace,"  Emergency Peace Mobilization Committees
     Individuals and organizations are rallying in Chicago on September 3 in support of peace and democracy.  The EPMC proposes student actions to support a four-plank platform:.
July 3, "What Conscription Means to You," American Student Union
     Presidents Roosevelt and Gideonse are pursuing fascistic policies.  ROTC and the militarism it brings must be opposed.  The ASU has fought for students rights.  Meeting announcement. Speakers: Leonard Rich, Mr. George Squier, and Woody.
July 3, "No More Pogroms!!" Young Communist League
     The Jews and other residents of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina are delighted that the Soviet Army invaded and took back the territory which Roumania seized in 1916.
July 5, "ABC's of Fascism," American Student Union
       By showing parallels between the policies of defeated France and the U.S., the ASU argues that Fascists will also defeat the U.S. unless we support laws for social needs and join the A.S.U.
July 9, "What Is American Fascism?" American Student Union
     After drawing parallels between German policies and American trends, the ASU asserts that Americans will never accept regimentation and war and lists a series of demands.
July 13, Press Release, Mr. F.P. Kilcoyne, Office of the President
     The Executive Committee of Student Council unanimously passed a resolution condemning the behavior of the ASU and the Peace Congress Continuations Committee and affirming that they represent a small minority of the student body and student opinion at Brooklyn College.  The resolution is included.
July 16, "Stop M-Day NOW!!" American Student Union
      President Gideonse and the Board of Higher Education are limiting students' academic freedom; the ASU is fighting to extend academic freedom.  Protest with phone calls, letters, and student delegations.
July 16, "Calling Brooklyn College to Organize for Peace," Peace Conference Continuations Committee, American Student Union, officers of various clubs, and editors of  student publications
     To preserve democracy and to have a happy future, students must fight to insure America stays out of the war.  Attend the Emergency Peace Mobilization Rally on July 17.
July 18, "Emergency Mobilization for Peace," Unsigned
     A group of  well-known figures, like Frank Boas and Theodore Dreiser,  have formed a Committee to Defend America and are calling upon Americans to establish Emergency Peace Mobilization Committees.  An EPM rally is being held today to for students to set up EPM committees in every summer session class.
July 23, "Democracy or Regimentation for Brooklyn College?" American Student Union
     Three page brochure asserting the peace movement at Brooklyn College is threatened by President Gideonse and the Board of Higher Education and their move to establish ROTC on campus.   Students must resist with the listed actions.
July 23, Student Press, Emergency Peace Mobilization Committee
      This four-page newsletter includes articles on "EPM Banned at Brooklyn," "Ban Can't Stop B.C. EPM," and "Gideonse Puts College on War Basis."
July 26, "For Democracy at B.C.," American Student Union
     To counter support for fascism and militarism, students must join the ASU delegation to a Chicago rally.
July 29, "Another Gideonse," American Student Union
     The ASU opposes the appointment of Dr. Dexter Keezer as President of CCNY and urges students to protest to the Board of Higher Education.
July 30, "Cops on the Campus," The Emergency Peace Mobilization Committee
     The administration's surrounding the campus with police and denying permission for E.P.M. meetings on campus will not stop the planned Mobilzation.  Congressional efforts to impose the draft must be fought.
July 30, "This is Conscription," Keep America Out of War Congress and Youth Committee Against War
     To stop conscription from passing, students can attend the Washington, D.C. rally and write Congressmen.
July 31, "Academic Blitzkrieg," Evening Session Peace Continuations Committee
     Norman Shapiro was falsely accused of insubordination by a teacher; Dr. Park refused to listen to Shapiro's defense.  Rally tonight at 10:30 in front of  Dr. Park's office.
July 31, "Understanding Force for Peace," American Student Union
     A resolution at the Peace Conference condemning Russia and other countries was defeated 6 to 1; analysis of national and international events follows.  The resolution's sponsor, the president of the Progress Students League, is attacked for leaving at 11:41 P.M. "long before his, or any other resolution even neared a vote."
July 31, "Protest Suspension of Norman Shapiro for Anti-War Activities," Peace Conference Continuation Committee, American Student Union, Committee for the Reinstatement of Norman Shapiro
     Norman Shapiro and the ASU were suspended because of their successful anti-war strike.  Gideonse is pro-war.  Director Park refused to speak with student leaders, but he will talk with you at the mass delegation at his office at 10:30 P.M.
July 31, "ASU Sponsors Meeting on EPM," American Student Union
     The ASU, whose rights on campus have also been infringed, supports the E.P.M."  Attend today's meeting to help decide the stand of BC delegates to the national E.P.M. meeting.
July 31, "Defend America," Emergency Peace Mobilization Committee of Greater New York
     Announcement: Peoples' Rally for Peace at Randall's Island Stadium.  Speakers include Vito Marcantonio.  Pageant, folk dancing, music.
July 31, "6,400 and You," American Student Union
      Written from the point of view of a non-ASU member, the flyer argues against conscription and for joining the ASU.
July 31, "Conscription Can Be Defeated!" American Student Union
     Conscription would impose fascism; protest subjects draftees to court-martial.  Protest now.
July 31, "Conscription: A Job for You!" No organization identified
     Conscription insures students' employment--soldiering at $21 a month for males and exploitation for females supporting their families. Fight conscription by attending protest rallies.
August, "Hated Words to All Free People..."Fascism".."Nazism".."Hitlerism," American Student Union
     Double-sided triple folded pamphlet describes totalitariansim in Germany, France, and England, warns against the Nazification of America, attacks the draft, offers a "real program of defense" and actions.
August 1, "Tweedledum/Tweedledee," American Student Union
      There is little to choose between the interventionists Wendell Wilkie and President Roosevelt.
August 1, "The Nation Is at War!" American Student Union
     Stop the conscription bill by writing your senators, organize protest groups.  Attend rally tonight.
August 1, "Emancipation Proclamation for Brooklyn College," American Student Union
      Freedom requires Negroes to be free and equal.  Demonstrate on Sept. 1.  Class on Negro Rights, taught by Mr. Gipfel.
August 1, "Academic Freedom Has Been Chained and Gagged on the Brooklyn College Campus," Emergency Peace Mobilization
     The administration's refusal to assign a room to the EPC rflects to its pro-war, autocratic policies.  Congressman Vito Marcantonio is speaking at a citywide EPM.rally, Randall's Island.  Tickets: 10¢.
August 2, "Power," American Student Union"
     Column 1 discusses the draft (Burke Wadsworth Bill) as Fascist; column 2 equates opposition to the draft/bill as democratic.  Students must oppose the Burke-Wadsworth Bill.  Rally at Randalls Island.
August 2, Program, Emergency Peace Mobilization
     The EPM program covers conscription, foreign policy, domestic policy, and civil liberties.
August 5, "Anti-Alien Hysteria Affects All Americans," American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born
      This flyer, 22" long and 8.5"wide, consists of two pages and a one-page petition. President Roosevelt has given Hoover the authority to carry out Palmer-type raids legally.  Alien baiting imust be stopped; the committee offers 8 suggestions for action, including signing the protest petititon to President Roosevelt.
August, Equality
     This issue  includes the following: cartoon, "America's Fifth Column," "Attention, Mr. Jackson!" by Herbert Lansner, "Who Wants Constription?" "Youth vs. Regimentation" by Joseph Cadden, "Coughlin's Appeasers," "Mobilize for Peace!" by Walter Scott Neff," "Notes and Comments," "Milestones."
September 20, Letter to President Harry Gideonse, from Elton Gustafson
     In a three-page letter, Gustafson defends himself against Gideonse's accusations on June 24.
September 23, "Behind Our Backs," Politics Club
     As part of the militarization of American life, Faculty Council is preparing to approve the establishment of an R.O.T.C. unit on campus.  Motto: Keep the War Department off the Campus.  Sign petititons.
September 27, "Hear ye! Hear ye! Peace Conference," Peace Conference Continuations Committee
     Today's Tories support war, repress academic freedom with militarism on campus, and oppress Negroes.  Elect 2 delegates from each class to attend the Emergency Peace Conference at 10:30 PM on October 7.
September 30, "Sooner or Later," Avukah
     Avukah offers Jewish students the opportunity to consider the world Jewish situation and their relationship to it.  Sepmour Melman is speaking on "Let's Act in this Crisis."
October, "Enlist Now!" American Student Union
     Using a graphic of a rifle-toting  Nicholas Murray, Columbia University president, the ASU  warns him and President Gideonse students know they are enemies and appeals to students to join the ASU.
October, "Don't Waste Votes," Communist Party
     There is no real difference between Franklin Roosevelt and Wendell Willkie.  However, the Communist Party has a true program for peace, equality, and prospertiy.  Vote for Earl Browder and James Ford.
October, "A Message from Earl Browder to the Youth of America," Communist Party
     In this radio speech addressed to young people, presidential candidate Browder focuses on President Roosevelt's movement toward war, the horrors and futility of war, and soscialism as the politic for peace.
October 1, "The ASU, the War, and the USA," American Student Union
     Notice of meeting.  Also on the agenda: October 10th Walk-out on War and the election of officers.
October 2, "Goalposts of Peace--Brooklyn College--Walks out on War!!" Student Committee for Oct. 10th
     The committee offers a platform for peace to united students for the Walkout on War.
October 2, "Meeting," American Student Union
    Discussion: the ASU, the War, and the USA; the October 10th Walkout on War.
October 2, "Study War No More!" American Student Union
     The drive toward war is transforming schools, education, the curriculum and suppressing academic freedom.  Join the Walk-out on War October 10.  Meeting October 5, speaker: Herbert Witt.
October 7, "Let Academic Freedom Ring!" American Student Union
      President Butler (Columbia U.), President Gideonse, and President Roosevelt are moving the country and college students closer to war.  Walkout on War October 10.
October 7, "Election Platform of the Communist Party 1940," Communist Party
     This sixteen-page pamphlet starts with the biographies of  Earl Browder and James W. Ford, attacks capitalism, President Roosevelt, and the New Deal; expands upon its advocacy of Negros, labor, and youth; and supports peace and a National Farmer-Labor Party.  Browder for President.  Pamphlet cost: 1¢.
October 7, "Peace Conference To-Nite 10:30 P.M., Student Council
     The Peace Committee invites students to elect delegates for the Peace Conference.  This is a critical time for avoiding war.  The Peace Conference is endorsed by newspaper editors and presidents of clubs.
October 7, "Walk Out on War," Student Committee for October 10
      Students must resist the attack on academic freedom and join the walkout to keep America out of war.  However, the opening  two paragraphs suggest that students will fight to preserve "our American ideals."
October 8, "The Life and Work of Leon Trotsky: Man, Thinker, Revolutionist," Politics Club
     This notice of a memorial lecture by Nathan Gould, "Friend and Comrade" of  Trotsky, lists questions to be explored.  Added attraction: Trotsky's last recorded speech.  Note:  Trotsky died August 21, 1940.
October 8, "Walk out on War," American Student Union
     To avoid war, which would mean a national concentration on winning and students' cutting short their education, protest by attending the October 10 Walkout on War. 
October 9, "Defend America by Keeping America out of War," Student Committee for October  10
     The flyer announcing the October 10 peace walkout quotes approvingly a naval report and attacks "preparedness measures," which are really preparations for war.
October 9, "Walk Out on War October 14--8:30 P.M.," Peace Conference Committee
     War can be prevented, if we take action and join peace demonstrations occurring across the country on October 10.  Evening students will walk out on October 14.
October 9, "Only the Blind," American Student Union
     After quoting the Army and Navy Journal on the country's movement toward war, the Long Island ASU invits students to join the nation-wide peace rally on October 10.
October 9, "What Can be Done," Avukah
     A meeting will explore what American Jews can do, if anything, about the situation of Jews in Europe during the war.  Speaker: Seymour Melman.
October 10, "Dan Gillmore Speaks," Student October 10th Committee
     A quotation from Gillmore introduces the announcement of the Walk Out on War.
October 10, "B.C. Walks out on War," No organization named
     Announcement for rally.  Speakers: Dan Gillmor, Rabbi Moses Miller, Jessica Scott, Paul Borsky, Mattie Jussim.
October 10, "Hold That Line!" American Student Union
     To stop the declaration of war, mass action is needed; hence, the ASU has called a national walkout.
October 10, "What Faces Us: The Worst Possibility," American Student Union
      Harvard President Conant's statement that war is not our worst fate provides the basis for an anti-war argument and the rational for a peace action.  ASU meeting; speaker: Maia Turchin.
October 10, Report of October 10 Walk out, Arthur J. Hillary
     Arthur J. Hillary reports on the speakers, their speeches, audience response, and attendance of the meeting.
October 10, "Browder's Message to Youth!" Young Communist League
     One-page excerpt from Earl Browder's radio speech of October 4.  In the rush to war, millions are spent for war, little for education.  The only alternative to capitalism is socialism, which the Soviet Union proves is a viable government.
October 10, "Defend American by Keeping America out of War," Student Committee for October 10
     Despite the unanimous report by the Senate Naval Affairs Committee rejecting the threat of attack, Americans are being prepared for war, not defense.  Students are asked to "walk out on war" October 10.
October 14, "Walk Out on War Tonight--9:30," Student Council
     Evening students will protest war at a rally, as day students did last week.  The administration required the flyer to state, "We do not urge students to cut classses to attend the rally."  Speakers: Ben Gold, Tom Jones, Prof. F. Ewen, Sam Fox, Abe Katin, Ben Silverstein.
October 14, "So You Want to Walk Out on War," Young Peoples Socialist League
     The Stalinist ASU and "peace conyinuations [sic] committee" have followed a peace-war policy dictated by Stalin.  Only Socialism provides the means for peace and prosperity.  Four demands are listed.
October 16, "A Personal Message," Student Party
     SP chair, Fitz Allen Squires, writes a letter to freshmen urging them to become involved in the Brooklyn College community and to join the Student Party, which is holding a caucus to which they are invited.
October 16, "What Conscription Means to You," Progressive Students League
      A note stapled to this three-fold flyer states that the flyer explains the terms and significance of the Conscription Act which takes effect that day.  It also announces a meeting, with George Snyder speaking.
October 19An American Foreign Policy for Peace, Earl Browder
     In this speech, presidential candidate Browder repudiates the Democratic and Republican foreign policies, attributes the disastrous situations in Poland, France, and Great Britain to a reliance on armaments, and proposes that America must ally itself with the Soviet Union and China for peace.  Pamphlet cost: 1¢.
October 20, "No One in the Grandstand," American Student Union
     Oppose ROTC on campus, for various reasons.  Rally against the ROTC.
October 21, "A.S.U. Meets Tonight 9:30 P.M.," American Student Union
     The topic is cooperation among the U.S., China and the U.S.S.R. helping to keep the U.S. out of war.  Students should join the ASU during "Join a Club Week" because of its program for America and peace.
October 21, "A Student's Program," Student Party
      This campaign flyer connects the freshman election to the threats facing all Americans.  It offers a six-point platform, starting with keeping out of war and ending with adding extracurricular activities.
October 21, "Come and See Democracy at Work," Kingsman Fusion
     Invitation to caucus meeting for nominations of lower frosh candidates and election of lower junior council representatives.
October 23, "Expose! Plot to Destroy Free Elections in N.Y.Bared!" Young Communist League
    The White House, Democrative and Republican Parties, New York Governor, Board of Election officials, American Legionnaires, and local capitalist press are conspiring to destroy free elections by forcing Earl Browder, Communist presidential candidate, off the ballot.  Protest rally.  Speaker: Earl Browder.
October 24, "Protest...Negro Discrimination in Football," American Student Union
     Announcement of a rally to demand that Leonard  Bates play in the NYU-Missouri game.  Speakers: Lou Oshins, coach; Charles De Leon, Negro Student Forum.  An early handwritten draft of this flyer survives.
October 25, "We Take Our Stand!" Socialist Party
     This four-page pamphlet sets forth the 1940 Socialist Platform, argues for the necessity of Socialism, characterizes the SP's presidential candidates, and summarizes its resolution on war.
October 25, "War Is America's Fifth Column," Socialist Party
     Only Socialists oppose war.  Unemployment and insecurity cause fascism, which in turn causes war.  Democrats and Republicans will "try" to keep us out of war.  The Communists support Stalin's wars.  For peace, vote for Norman Thomas as President and Maynard Krueger for vice-president.
October 26,"Softies?" Student Party
     The SP offers four reasons why  it opposes the naval ROTC on campus and why students should vote for SP candidates for Student Council.  Note: the text on the original is as askew as it appears online.
October 26, "Fold This and Put It in Your Book--You'll Want to Read It Later," Progressive Students League
     The PSL briefly introduces itself, its values, and its goals and invites students to a meeting for more information.
October 29,Letter to Mrs. Scarrett, from M. William Shea
     Shea asks that the material he requested be given to the messenger.
October 29, "Bill of Rights on Trial in Oklahoma Case," Student Council
    BC graduates Alan Shaw Lipshutz and Eli Jaffee, as well as 10 others, are charged with criminal syndicalism not because of actions or speeches but because of books found in  their homes.  Contribute to the defense fund and write the prosecutor demanding their release.
October 29, Note, G.T.S.
     The note about the failure of the Karl Marx Society to submit its General Organization list is clipped to the Constitution of the Karl Marx Society.
October 29, Note, G.T.S.
     This note, explaining that the minutes of a meeting of the Association of Instructors, Tutors, and Fellows is lost, is clipped to a resolution from May 1, 1935 and the "Brief on the Suspension of the American Student Union at Brooklyn College," June 14, 1940.
October 31, Letter to Faculty, from Irwin Shaw
     Shaw appeals for support and funds for Eli Jaffe, a Brooklyn College graduate who is being tried for criminal syndicalism in Oklahoma.   His constitutional rights were violated.
October 31, "Vote Against Conscription," Socialist Party
     Four-page pamphlet rejecting the draft, attacking Presidential candidates Roosevelt and Willkie, and supporting Socialist Norman Thomas for president.
October 31, Socialist Campaign Rally, Socialist Party
      Free ticket to rally for presidential candidate Norman Thomas and vice-presidential candidate Maynard Kreuger.
October 31, "The War Spread," American Student Union
     President Roosevelt asked for more planes because Italy declared war on Greece, which Britain needs to maintain its empire.  Students today know how to work for peace: aid to China, embargo on Japan.  This leaflet put out by funds from students.
November 4, "A.S.U. Indicted," Executive Committee of Student Council
     The Executive Committee indicts the American Student Union at Brooklyn College on eight counts and asserts Student Council's policies apply equally to all.
November 4, "The Jewish Problem and Its Solution," Avukah
     Two-page folder listing the four topics in the Avukah Seminar Series.
November 4, "Shall It Be War for America?" Communist Party
     The four-page campaign flyer reproduces speeches Theodore Dreiser and Earl Browder made on national radio.  Dreiser supports Browder for president because only the Communist Party opposes war.  Browder attacks the Democrats and Republicans for supporting war and decries the removal of the CP from the ballot in 24 states.  He proposes strategies whereby votes in those states can express their desire for peace.
November 4, "There Is an Alternative!" Young Communist League
     The Communist Party was pushed off the ballot in New York because of its opposition to the war. President Roosesvelt, Wendell Wilkie, and Norman Thomas support war and Wall Street.  Vote for peace; vote for CP candidates, who are listed, and Earl Browder.
November 4, "Announcement '42," All College Peace Congress
      Announcement of meeting for freshmen to discuss the All College Peace Congress.
November 4, "Elect for Peace," American Student Union
     The ASU supports John L. Lewis as a labor leader but not his choice of the presidential war candidate Wendell Wilkie. Unity in labor unions and other organizations fighting for rights is needed for peace.
November 6, "Act Against the War!" Politics Club
     Unlike Kingsman-Fusion Party, which supports the war, and the Stalinists, who are in "the Hitler-Stalin camp,"  the Politics Club calls for an independent student demosntration against the war on November 13.
November 8, "A Real Peace Program, not Wishful Thinking," Student Council
     SC sets foth its stand on civil liberties and labor, the wars in Europe and Asia, academic freedom, and national defense (a strong national defense protects peace and democracy).  Attend the Peace Assemblage.
November 8, "Brooklyn College Conference for Peace Tonight," Debate Council, Psychology Club, Junior Class Exec. Com., English Club Exec. Com., Broeklundian Exec. Board, Observer Editorial Staff, Student Party, 1500 Student Petitioners
     An alert student body discussing peace can help avoid war.  Attend the Peace Congress.  Speak up.
November 8, "Peace Congress," Executive Staff, Observer; Executive Staff, Psychology Club; Debate Council; Executive Committee, Class of 42; Student Party; Members of American Student Union; and 1500 Signers of Petition for Peace
     Rules and times for students and clubs to elect delegates to the Peace Congress.
November 8, "Peace Congress--Nov 8th," Exec Staff Observer, Exec Staff Psych Club, Debate Council, Exec Comm Class '42, Student Party, Members of ASU, 1500 Signers of Petititon for Peace Congress
     Instructions for electing delegates to the Peace Congress.  Elections run from Monday through Friday.
November 8, "Steps to War," Frosh Student Party
     The Student Party reviles Student Council, which is not sponsoring the November 8 Peace Congress because it supports aid to Britain.  "Steps short of war are only steps to war!"
November 8, "No New Armistice Days for America!" Unsigned
      War is near.  The flyer lists the actions necessary to avoid war, including attending the November 18 rally.
November 8, "Your Case," American Student Union
     The ASU was not recognized because it refused to give membership lists to Mr. Rivkin, who would give them to the Rapp-Coudert Committee. This would threaten teachers students.  Fight with and for the ASU.
November 12, Program, Student Council
     The four-page program extends an invitation to the college-wide Peace Assemblage on November 13.
November 13, "So They're All for Peace!" Politics Club
     The United Peace Demonstration last year, the Kingsmen-Fusion demonstration and the Peace Congress this semester support pro-war policies.  Only our November 13 demonstration is genuinely anti-war.
November 13, "Act Against Imperialist War!" Politics Club
     Meeting announcement.  Motto: Not one man, not one cent for Wall Street's war.
November 13, "Hypocrisy Answered!!" Sutdent Council
     Distinguishing between British imperialism and the destructive Nazi state imperialism, SC urges a policy of aid to Britain as the only way to "maintain American peace and democracy."
November 14, "No New Armistice Days for America," Student Council Peace Committee
     In prepation for the November 18 Anti-War Rally, this five-page newsletter surveys the uselessness of the previous war, threats to education now, actions to combat these threats, drafting students, the policy of aid to Britain, the Far Eastern situation, and collaboration with China and the U.S.S.R. to maintain peace.
November 14, "Mobilize for Peace," Continuations Committee of Peace Congress
     Delegates to the Peace Conference adopted a plan to keep America out of the war.  Rally November 15.
November 15, "Unknown Soldier, 1917 1940!" Continuations Committee, Peace Congress
     The point of view of Jimmy the Unknown Soldier is contrasted with the President's statements praising World War I and current conditions in America.  Support the Peace Rally and the Frosh Rally.
November 15,"For Peace Sake, For Your Sake," Student Party
     As proposals to cut funds for education and the prospect of military service threaten students' education, thousands of dollars are being spent by the Rarpp-Coudert Committee and more by the military.
November 18, "No New Armistice Days for America!" Student Council
     In five pages, the Evening Peace Committee sets forth its stand and demands on the school system, the N.Y.A., conscription, the war, and alliance with China and Russia.  Armistice Day Rally against War on November 18.  Page 6 is an ad for movies--and free pretzels--sponsored by Beacon.  Admission: 10¢. 
November 18, Letter to the Board of Higher Education, from President Harry  D. GIdeonse
     Defending his actions in the Edel case, Gideonse answers both the charges made by Professors Selsam and Ash in the Philosophy Department and a brief from the Teachers Union.
November 19, "Jewish Assimilation, Solution v. Evasion: Will Social Revolution Solve the Jewish Problem?"
     Meeting announcement.
November 19, "No Swastika over Brooklyn," American Student Union
     The ASU attacks Gideonse's proposal for labor camps for students and his support of the Rapp-Coudert Committee and connects these issues to conditions in America and in Nazi Germany.
November 19, "Open the Doors of U.S. to Victims of Nazi Terror!" Socialist Workers Party
     To save Jews in Greater Germany from Nazi barbarism, American workers show them solidarity by a mass demonstration and must demand that the persecuted Jews be allowed entry to the U.S.
November 20, Letter to President Harry Gideonse,  Unsigned?
     The writer attacks the Rapp-Coudert Committee, the Board of Education's making religious instruction compulsory, and President Gideonse's labor camp proposal.  The original letter is typed beyond the right margin and is equally crooked.  It is filled with sloganeering language, and the writer loses control of the lengthy sentences. There is no second page, identifying the writer, although the letter contains an address.
November 20, Letter to Doctor Harry Gideonse, Christian American Union, from Fred W. Kaempf
     The organization protests the continued activity of the American Student Union and asserts that Christians and patriotic Americans are being persecuted at Brooklyn College.
November 20, Vanguard
     Page 1 features a story on the Rapp-Coudert Committee; page 3, stories on three peace demonstrations, Gideonse's labor camp, Board of Higher Education's decision on Edel; page 4, editorials and letters to the editor; and page 8, a story on support for Eli Jaffe and Alan Lifshutz.
November 22, Telegram to "Professor Gidden, from Boropark Peace Forum
     The group protests the outlawing of the American Student Union.
November 22, Letter to President Gideonse, from Elsie Margulies
      An alumna, the writer protests Student Council's suspending the American Student Union.
November 22, Letter to President Harry Gideonse, from M. Klarke
     The writer protests the banning of the American Student Union.
November 22, Letter to President Harry Gideonse, from Albert Koll
      The writer is distressed at the inquisition President Gideonse is conducting.
November 25, "Let's Talk Turkey," American Student Union
     Student Council's request for the ASU membership list potentially threatens many groups and all students. 
Rally to protest.  The title refers to the next day being Thanksgiving.
November 26, "The Future Existence of the Evening Session Is in Danger," Student Council, Evening Session
     SC opposes President Gideonse's "reorganization" plan, which would demote all evening students to non-matriculated students and impose a $5 per credit fee on them.  SC wants equality between day and evening sessions and tenure for evening faculty.  A rally is being held this evening.
November 26,"The High Cost of Killing," Continuations Committee, Peace Congress
     Statistics and drawings illustrate the price of war, in terms of people and money.
November 26, Letter to President Harry D. Gideonse, from Paul Windels
     The appointment for Gideonse to testify before the Rapp-Coudert Committee is confirmed.
November 27, Letter to President Gideonse, Youth Division, American Jewish Congress, from Helen Kass
     The organization passed a resolution which protests banning the American Student Union.
November 27, "It Is High Time," Student Party
     The SP compares Kingsman-Fusion's promises with student Council votes on Rapp-Coudert and minority rights, with the roll call list of votes.  The SP urges student actions to oppose Rapp-Coudert.
November 28, Letter to Mr. Kaempf, from President Gideonse
     The President describes the problem with the American Student Union, denies persecution on the campus, and ask for any proof of persecution that Mr. Kaempf has.
November 28, Letter to Mr. Robert E. Stripling, Secretary of the Dies Committee, from President Gideonse
     President Gideonse requests a copy of the "red paper" put out by the Dies Committee.
November 29, "Aid for China Rally," American Student Union and Writers Club
     Meeting announcement.  Benjamimn Appel speaks on "Culture and the War"; other activities: piano recital, movies on China, radio play.  Free.
November 29, "Our Problems," Trade Union Forum
    A quote from an essay by Arthur Osman, the speaker at the next meeting, analyzes the national situation and the actions which enabled his union to grow from 100 members to over 75,000 members in 7 years.
December, "Student Council Statement on Rapp-Coudert Committee," Student Council
     The Academic Freedom Committee protests the Committee's serving subpoenaes on 30 students in the municipal colleges, quotes a statement by the American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom,  and announces its intention to hold a meeting on the issue.
December, Memo, unsigned
     The memo describes policies for recognizing student groups before and after the McGoldrick Resolution and the "manoeuvering" of the American Student Union to comply with the regulations.
December 9, "Here's Our Chance!!" Kingsman-Fusion
     K-F offers itself as the party to counter the view of Brooklyn College as Communist and Unamerican and to pursue a logical, realistic, effective counter-publicity course.
December 10, Letter to President Gideonse, from Mary Edna Barnes
     An instructor in the Education Department supports Gideonse's response to "the :recent problems of the college" (i.e., the Rapp-Coudert investigation.).
December 10, Letter to President Gideonse, from Laura H.V. Kennon
     She praises his speeches, Rapp-Coudert testimony, and values.
December 11,  Letter to President Gideonse, from Elsa de Haas
    A Columbia University faculty member approves of his Rapp-Coudert testimony.
December 12, Letter to President Gideonse, from Paul J. Salvatore
     Writing for the Romance Languages Department, Salvatore assures Gideonseof the consensus of the faculty in the department in supporting him.
December 13, Letter to President Gideonse, from Asa Don Dickinson
     The head librarian assures Gideonse "there are no Communnists on the Libray staff" and that the staff all endorse his policies.
December 13, "There's a Law Against It!!"  Defend Higher Education Committee
     An obscure law is being used to prohibit discussion in classooms of the Rapp-Coudert activities.  The DHEC was denied a room to meet on campus.  Rally today.
December 15, Letter to President Gideonse, from Frank P. Fitzsimons
    A faculty member from the Education Department expresses his ardent support for Gideonse's "splendid advocacy of the principles of American Democratic Government."
December 18, "We Take our Stand!!" American Student Union
     Asserting no connection with either student party, the ASU endorses the Student Party in Student Council elections because of its progressive stands.  Attend the meeting today, with Professor Howard Selsam speaking, and elect delegates to the ASU Convention.
December 18, "College or Prison?" Young Peoples Socialist League
     YPSL rejects President Gideonse's dictum that students cannot discuss "extra-curricular" matter before, during, or after class as a violation of student rights and an effort to stifle protests against the Rapp-Coudert investigation.
December 18, "Our True Colors Maroon & Gold," Kingsman-Fusion
     Charging that Communists are a minority of around 300 students, K-F asserts it speaks for the other 14,000 students and asks students to affirm their status by voting K-F for Student Council.
Undated, Press Release, F. P. Kilcoyne
     Faculty Council, after a speech by President Gideonse, presiding, passed a resolution committing Brooklyn College to cooperating with the Rapp-Coudert Committee, by a vote of 42 to 7.


Undated, Constitution, Student League for Democracy
     The five-page constitution starts with a preamble which identifies the purpose of the organization.
Undated, Postcard, Student Defenders of Democracy
     Postcard provides summer address for receiving mailings.
Undated, Unaddressed form letter, Mark Schlefer
     The Clearing House for Youth Groups introduces itself, announces its purpose, lists member groups, and encloses three sample reprints of its advertisements: "Youth Urges Action Now!" (July 1), "You're not Our Hero, Ex-Col. Lindbergh!" (July 21), and "Let's Recognize Freedom Now, Mr. President" (August 19).
Undated, "But One Issue," Student Party
      One issue faces Brooklyn College--survival; it is endangered by the Rapp-Coudert Committee and its supporters.  The SP platform opposes this Committee and budget cuts to education; it supports curricular changes, including a course in Negro history, hiring Negro faculty, and the organizing of students and faculty.
Undated, "Danger Ahead!!!" CDCC
     This campaign flyer attacks the I.D.L., lists four slogans, and identifies its slate  for Student Council.
Undated, "For Your School, For Your Teacher," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     Only united action can protect threatened faculty and force the Board of Higher Education to rescind its resolution.  Hear Mr. Gipfel speak today.   
Undated, "Smash the Rapp-Coudert Inquisition!" Young Peoples Socialist League
     Students must organize a "genuine student united front," not a Stalinist front, against Rapp-Coudert.
Undated, "13,000 Fired on N.Y.A.!" N.Y.A. Workers
     After statistics on firings and their effects, the N.Y.A. Workers list four demands and three names to send letters of protest to.
Undated, "The Brooklyn College Declaration of Independence," Kingsmen-Fusion
     This campaign flyer identifies the issue as electing a student government representing the student body, not a clique.  Motto:  "Kingsmen-Fusion the party that represents the student body."
Undated, "Attention!" Kingsmen-Fusion Caucus
     Meeting announcement for upper-frehmen, sophomores, and juniors to discuss KF's program and nominate candidates.
Undated, Draft Defense re Dr. Selsam, Administration
     This draft, obviously meant to be an official document, rejects Dr. Selsam's charges and castigates his behavior.  The purpose and the writer of the draft are not indicated.
Undated, Youth Stands Ready, Fight for Freedom
      This 12-page pamphlet represents the pro-war faction among students, with brief addresses, many by college students, supporting the premise "The youth of America must win the war to win  the peace."
January, "Roll of Honor," American Student Union
    The ASU praises the eleven subpoenaed students for their active opposition to the "budget cutters" and urges other students to follow their example of activism.  Meeting, speaker: Maia Turchen.
January 2, "I'll Huff and I'll Puff," American Student Union
     The Rapp-Coudert Comittee continues its attack on free public education by subpoenaing students.
January 6,"How to Cut the Budget: Label Schools Red!" American Student Union
     The Rapp-Coudert Committee's interrogation of Brooklyn College student Rhoda Buxbaum reveals the committee's purpose--to justify the attack on the public education system.  Students must resist.
January 7, "Student Council Statement on Rapp Coudert Committee," Student Council
     The Evening Academic Freedom Committee identifies the subpoenas issued to thirty municipal college students as coercion to end protests against cutting education budgets.  It wants to hold a meeting with subpoenaed students and faculty.
January 6, Student Review, Young Communist League
     Two-page newsletter features Brooklyn College students' fight against the Rapp-coudert Committee.
January 8, New York Student, American Student Union (four-page newspaper)
      The majority of the paper attacks the Rapp-Coudert Committee and the special  interests it represents.  A number of articles focus on Brooklyn College students subpoenaed by the R-C Committee.
     "New York Students to Picket in Defense of Free Education, " page 1.
     "Budget-cutting Committee Serves Realty Groups," pages 1 and 4.
     "Public for More Education--Poll," page 1.
     "High Schools Hit," page 1.
     "Students Condemn 'Witch-Hunt,'" page 1.
     "'No' for an Answer" (editorial), page 2.
     "Join a Union" (editorial), page 2.
     "Prexies--Aid to britain Is War Mobilization," page 1.
     "Preserve Liberty of Learning" (quotation from Vanguard), page 2.
     "Like Two Peas in a Pod", page 2 (scroll to bottom of page)
     "Can't Stop Them from Dreaming" (satiric poem), page 2.
     "A Student Voice," page 2.
     Political cartoon series, pages 2, 3, and 4.
     "Questioning Labeled 'Illegal'" (analysis of Brooklyn College student Rhoda's testimony before the Rapp-Coudert Committee), page 3.
     "'Best Common Interests Lies in Refusal to Testify': Statement of Members of the American Student Union Refusing to Testify Before the Rapp-Coudert Committee, Monday, January 6, 1941," page 3.
     "ASU Demands Discharge of Committee," page 3.
     "Defense of Democratic Rights Chief Task of Law Students," page 3.
     "War Program Endangers Nat'l Health," page 3.
     "Right of Teacher to Act as Citizen," page 3 (scroll to end of article).
     "Charter Outlines Student Rights and Responsibilities," page 4.
     "AYC Calls Town Meeting in Washington," page 4.
     "Teacher, Student Action Rests on Four Cases Before Courts," page 4.
     "700 Students 'Take' Museum," page 4.
     Labor Movement not 'Lying Down,'" page 4.
     Fundraising appeal for Committee for Defense of Student Rights, page 4.
January 9, "Special Report," the Faculty Student Committee on Student Groups and Organizations
     After analyzing the actions of seven students who mis-represented themselves as three different groups, the Committee excludes them from leadership positions in student organizations and recommends probation.
January 9, "Student Council Bulletin on Rapp Coudert Committee," Student Council
     Three-page analysis identifies the RCC's supporters as right-wing to fascist and its purpose as cutting funds to education.  Subpoenaing sudents denigrates Brooklyn. College.  The effects on BC could be serious.  No subversive activity has been proven at BC.  SC offers four suggestions to resist the RCC and save BC.
January 10, "Students Want Books not Guns," Young Communist League
     After contrasting President Roosevelt's early statements rejecting war to recent ones accepting it, the YCL wants money to be spend on social welfare and education, then lists 7 varied actions readers should take.
January 10, "Flash! Flash!" American Student Union
     The Rapp-Coudert Committee, federal cuts to education, and the Dunnigan Bill outlawing the Communist Party are all part of the attack on education and the move to war.  Students must act.
January 10, "Defend Free Higher Education!" American Student Union
     Join the mass picket before the Rapp-Coudert office to save our schools.  Subpoenaed students speak at today's junior class meeting.
January 10, "Student Council Bulletin on Rapp Coudert Committee," Student Council
     This flyer gives an overview of the Rapp-Coudert Committee: its stated purpose, background of the chairpersons, its supporters, its effect on Brooklyn College, analysis, and strategies of resistance.
January 10, "Subpoena" to all Brooklyn College students, American Student Union
     The invitation to a party takes the form of a subpoena.
January 10, "State Legislature Hits You!" American Student Union
     Students must act to oppose the continuation of the Rapp-Coudert Committee.
January 13, "Have the Young Gone Sour?" The New Republic, page 39
     Three youth groups--the left American Student Union, the centrist National Student Federation, and the New Dealish International Student Service--reflect two views of student activism.
January 14, "You Are Guilty!" American Student Union
      The Faculty-Student Committee suspended 7 evening session students from extracurricular activities and placed them on probation.  Their crime was really fighting for funding for education, for academic freedom, for peace, for N.Y.A,  Take action now to protest.
January 14, "Blitzkrieg Against the People's Freedom," Communist Party and Young Communist League
     The bill in the New York State Legislature to ban the Communist Party from the ballot attacks the rights of all Americans and Jeffersonian principles of democracy.  Communists have been selected because of their opposition to the war.  Protest to Governor Lehman.  Hear Earl Browder speak.
January 14, "Flash:  Student Leaders Removed from Office," Student Council
     The Academic Freedom Committee connects 7 student leaders being placed on "disciplinary probabion" with their having signed a leaflet against the Rapp-Coudert Committee.  Attend the anti-Rapp-Coudert rally.
January 15, "Take America Out of War!" American Student Union.
      Starting with quotations from the New YorkTimes and Herald Tribute, the ASU asserts the purpose of the draft is imperialistic.
January 15, "Take America out of War! American Student Union
     Starting with quotations from the New York Times and Herald Tribune, the ASU attacks President Roosevelt's moving the U.S. toward war and urges students to join the Town Meeting of Youth in Washington.  Meeting today, speaker: Mr. Isidore Pomerance.
January 16, "No Blackout of Civil Liberties," American Student Union
     After listing a series of violations of individual freedoms, the ASU urges students to participate in the Town Meeting of Youth.  Attend rally today and meeting Friday, speaker: Jean Horis.
January 16, "Hear a Victim's Account of Fascism in the U.S.S.," Student Council
     Alan Shaw speaks of being sentenced to 10 years in prison and a $5,000 fine in Oklahoma.
January 16, "Defend Yourselves," Student Council
     The Academic Freedom Committee suggests that 7 student leaders have been removed from office and suspended from extracurricular activities because of their political activities.  Students should prtest in writing to Professor Hart, demand an open hearing, and sign petitions.
January 17, "The President Speaks," American Student Union
      President Roosevelt's speech affirms peace.  Students can support peace by attending the Town Meeting of Youth in Washington.  Meeting.
January 17, "Neighborhood Opinion Ignored by Dr. Mason," Committee to Save Our Schools
     Dr. Mason refuses to discuss with parents and other community residents the denial of student rights at Abraham Lincoln High School.  A parent and a student will speak at a mass meeting.
January 20, Resolution, Board of Higher Education
      Faculty, staff, and students who refuse to testify at hearings with a one-man subcommittee will be subject to "disciplinary action."  This resolution is to be posted and sent to those who refused or may refuse to testify.
January 21, "You Must Help . . . Defend Free Public Education," Flatbush Citizens Committee to Defend Free Education
     The Taxpayers Federation is threatening free education. Mass meeting is sponsored by numerous individuals and organizations.  Speakers: Morris Leider, I. Kaufman, Mrs. R. Stein Yuttall, Rose Russell, and Claire Neikind.
January 23, "You must Answer This Question," American Student Union
     The Lend Lease Bill will result in war and student lives.  Protest and organize.
January 23, "Emergency!" American Student Union
     The lend lease bill, supported by President Roosevelt, Wendell Wilkie, and business interests, will lead to a "war dictatorship."  Students must join the thousands protesting.  Register for Town meeting.
January 24, Letter to Henry Mozesson, from Grace T. Skerritt, Secretary
     President Gideonse expects Mozesson, an officer of the evening American Student Union, to be at his office at 11:00 a.m. the next Monday.
January 28, Letter to "Gentlemen," Sondra Levine
     Addressed to Brooklyn College, this letter identifies a Brooklyn College student who intends to teach as a Communist.  The writer adds that his wife "is working along with him."
February, "We Are But a Few Administration Speeches Away from War," American Student Union
     Leading off with quotations from the New York Times and Herald Tribune, the ASU argues that President Roosevelt is moving the United States toward war and asks students to attend the Town Hall Meeting of Youth in Washington to support four key demands.
February 11, "No Lend--No Lease, We Want Peace!" American Student Union
     The lend lease bill passed by Congress commits the U.S. to war and gives President Roosevelt dictatorial power.  Students protesting in Washington recognized the negative effects on them.  Stop the bill in the Senate by writing, attending the ASU jamboree and the ASU musicale.
February 13, "Student Advocate," American Student Union
     Students fighting for peace and rights for youth have a voice in the Student Advocate, which details the activities of students across the country.  Buy it, and come to the ASU jamboree.
February 14, "What Does H.R. 1776 Mean to you?"  American Student Union
     The lend-lease bill ends neutrality, gives Congress's power over the president, and makes the presidency a dictatorship.  Come to the Jamboree.
February 15, Student Advocate, American Student Union
     A 5-page newspaper devoted to national news. Articles relevant to Brooklyn College students and faculty appear. 
February 17, "Are You too Mental?" American Student Union
     Finding Brooklyn College students "Too intellectual and Academic," President Harry Gideonse asked for  money for physical training.  The ASU suggests Gideonse is really concerned that students are engaged with the problems affecting them and their solutions.  The ASU pledges to defend students' welfare.
February 17, "We Still Have Democracy: Let's Use It to Prevent Dictatorship," Socialist Party
     The Lease-Lend Bill, which will involve us in war, must be defeated.  Here's what to do.
February 17, "Defeat War-Dictatorship Bill 1776," Young Communist League
     H.R. Bill 1776, the "lease-lend" bill, is supported by Wall Street and opposed by "labor, youth, Negro and white workers."  It will give Roosevelt dictatorial powers.  Oppose the bill and involvement in the war.
February 18, "Vanguard of A.E.F. Off to Britain," American Student Union
     Dr. Conant, appointed to head a fact-finding commission, supports war.  Similarly President Gideonse is fostering war sentiment by linking physical training and defense.  Protest HR 1776.  Meeting, speaker: Maia Turchin.
February 18, "'Aid Bill Urged in Senate, Even at Risk of War,' N.Y. Times," American Student Union
     The lend-lease bill benefits a government which refused to help Spanish refugees or the Patria, closed Palestine to Jews, and imprisoned Rajni Patel.  Protest to the Senate.  Meeting, speaker: Maia Turchin.
February 18, "Town Meeting of Youth,"  NYA Club
     Prof. H. Selsam and delegates discuss events in Washington on February 7, 8, and 9.
February 19, "Save Student Democracy," Club to Save Free Higher Educaiton
     Student Council's effort to impeach Alvin Nadel, president of the junior class and the Club to Save Free Higher Education, shows its anti-student bias.  Write letters to SC defending him.
February 20, "What Do You Think of 'The Bill' (H.R. 1776)?" American Student Union
     Announcement of freshman meeting .  Speaker: Mr. Gipfel.
February 20, "Free Earl Browder: Halt the War Drive!" Young Communist League
     Earl Browder was jailed on a minor technicality for opposing Franklin D. Roosevelt and Wall Street interests and to scare off anti-war protestors.  Jailing him on trumped-up charges sets a precedent for jailing all  progressive protestors.  Attend the Free Earl Browder Protest Rally.
February 21, "No Lend, No Lease, No War," American Student Union
     Passing the lend lease bill means war and other disastrous consequences.  Send your senator and the President telegrams till H.R. 1776 is defeated.  Meeting Monday.
February 24, "Out of the Horses Mouth," American Student Union
     Quotations support the assertion that Bill 1776 will lead to war.  Students are asked to help defeat the bill.  Meeting tonight.  Speaker: George Squier.
February 24, "?" American Student Union
     A list of quotations connecting war and the lend lease bill ends by accusing President Gideonse of supporting war.  Sign petitions against H.R. 1776.
February 27, "Democracy on the Campus?" Student Council
     By barring 7 students from office and extracurricular activities, the Faculty-Student Commitee on Student Groups and Organizations violated Board Bylaws and democratic practice.  The students should be reinstated and then may, if necessary, tried on charges before a disciplinary committee.
February 28, "You May Be Next!" N.Y.A. Club
     The effects of firing N.Y.A. workers on students and the school are identified, four demands are listed, and actions are suggested.
March, Harry Bridges: A Discussion of the Latest Effort to Deport Civil Liberties and the Rights of American Labor, Dalton Trumbo
     A 28-page defense of labor leader Harry Bridges.
March, "What Are the True Facts?" Unsigned
     Sam Fox and Herb Feldman discuss their being barred from office and extracurricular activities.
March, "Surprised!" American Student Union
     Encouraged by the $16,000,000 cuts from the education budget and the Rapp-Coudert investigations, the Taxpayers' Union is demanding all funds for education be cut.  The A.S.U. lists several activities for resisting.
March 3, "Wake Up, Student America!" American Student Union
     President Roosevelt's past statements reveal his war policy, which culminates in H.R. 1776. Students must act to defeat the bill and keep America out of "the imperialist war."
March 3, "Swords or Ploughshares: What Is America's Real Defense?" Progressive Students League
     Money is being lavished on battleships and aid to Britain while sharecroppers and migrant workers die because their needs are ignored.  Support National Sharecropper Week, March 2-9.
March 3, "Kingsmen Fusion Caucus," Kingsmen Fusion
     Meeting announcement.
March 4, "Another Pledge Broken," American Student Union
     President Roosevelt's opposition to banning an American Expeditionary Force breaks his campaign promise to keep America out of war.  Act to defeat H.R. 1776.
March 4, "No Poll Tax on Learning," Brooklyn College Club to Save Our Schools
     Budget cuts caused fees to be imposed on Brooklyn College students.  Students must act now to defeat proposed budget cuts to funding of education.
March 5, "Wilkie's 'Aid to Britain,'" American Students Union
     Wendell Wilkie and other supporters of the lend-lease bill are motivated by imperialistic drive, not concern for oppressed peoples.
March 5, "Symposium Today," N.Y.A. Club
     Announcement:  Symposium on Work Camps.  Speakers: Jean Horie and Bob Lane.
March 6, "50-50 Chance for Defeat of Lend Lease Bill . . . . . News," American Student Union
      H.R. 1776, which was a "sure pass," may be defeated because of public opposition.  Act to defeat the bill.  The ASU also announces a picket of the Rapp-Coudert Committee and a meeting opposing lend lease.
March 6, Education Defense Bulletin, Committee for the Defense of Public Education
     The newsletter attacks the resumption of the Rapp-Coudert Committee, identifies issues, excerpts passagews from Schappes' press release, protests holding hearings in a room seating only 250 people, and announces radio programs and a rally on the Committee, including as speakers Vito Marcanatonio.
March 7, "Stop the Smear," American Student Union
     The Rapp-Coudert's false charges against Brooklyn College are being repeated at City College in order to destroy free education and the Teachers' Union.  Picket to protest.
March 7, "The Shame of a Nation: A Wasted Land--A Wasted People," Progressive Students League
     The Southern Tenant Farmers' Union has fought for rights and better working conditions for 9,000,000 families.  The denial of their rights affects all Americans.  Hear the union president, J.R. Butler, speak today.
March 7, "13,000 NYA Workers Are Losing Their Jobs!" N.Y.A. Workers Council
     Another protest against the cuts and suggestions for acttions and advertising the NYA Revue.
March 11, "The Fight Is Not Lost," American Student Union
     Although the Senate passed the lend lease bill, the fight against war continues.  Meeting on "Education and Democracy," speaker: Murray Young.
March 11, "Out of the Night Sewers," Barron's
     The bookstore is advertising The Soviet Power, by Hewlitt Johnson, Dean of Canterbury, by extolling it and contrasting it with Jan Valtin's Out of the Night, which is "a devious, morbid, pornographic, Red-baiting book."
March 11, "Summons to Jury Duty in Court of Academic Freedom," Student Council
     The Academic Freedom Committee uses the form of a summons to invite stusdents to a meeting on the removal of 7 student leadrers.  Speakers: Ssam Fox, Ben Silverstein, Herbert Feldman.
March 12, "Education and Democratic Education," American Student Union
     Announcement of meeting. Speaker: Murray Young.
March 12, "B.C. Joins the Nation," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     A list of assaults on free higher education precedes the announcment of athe National Conference on Democracy in Education at Harvard.  Students are asked to elect club delegates ato the conference.
March 12, "B.A. or A.E.F.!" Young Communist League
     President Roosevelt's hypocrisy is exposed by his war policies, his supporting a bill for lend-lease and opposing a bill banning an A.E.F.  President Gideonse supports FDR's war policies by terrorizing the students.  Students must unite against the Roosevelt-Gideonse alliance by organizing and joining the YCL.
March 13, "Pan-Collegiate! Picket-Line," Intercollegiate Save Our Schools Committee
     An intercollegiate committee has formed to resist the onslaught of the Rapp-Coudert Committee on colleges and public education.  Picket.
March 13, Letter to Students, from United Photographic Employees
      Local 415 asks "Students of this School" to support its strike against Wistarian Studios.
March 13, "Surprised?" American Student Union
     The Taxpayers' Union demanded a cut of $10,000,000 from CCNY's budget at this time because of the actions of the Rapp-Coudert Committee.  Students must oppose the Committee by picketing.
March 13, "Smash the Rapp-Coudert Inquisition!" Young People's Socialist League
     YPSL urges students to unite to resist Rapp-Coudert tyranny and warns against the efforts of the Stalinist Communists to use this issue to organize students.
March 14, New York Student, American Student Union
     The two-page newsletter focuses on opposing the Rapp-Coudert Committee's witchhunt at City College and Morris Schappes, with one article on 7 NYU students suspended for protesting Jim Crow policy.
March 14, "Picket the Rapp-Coudert Committee," American Student Union
     Announcement of picket.
March 14, "Who Are the Communists?" Young Communist League
     The Rapp-Coudert Committee calls students and faculty "Communist."  Communists support student rights, free education, and free speech.  They are being attacked by an administration that wants war and fascist obedience.  But all students want what Communists want, a society that works.  Hear Alan Shaw speak on "Who Are the Communists?"
March 14, Letter, from Robert G. Spivack to Friend,
     The editor of SOS, which is published by the Student Defenders of Democracy,  is appealing to the reader to subscribe to SOS for $1.00.
March 17, "Morris Schappes Suspended!" American Student Union
     Morris Schappes' suspension is an attack on teachers and students and the free municipal colleges.  Rally to preserve Brooklyn College.
March 17, "Communism on the Campus? The Truth About New York College Students," New York Post
     A flyer advertising "the COMPLETE story" about New york City's 24,000 college students.
March 18, "It's No Coincidence," American Student Union
     The attacks of the Rapp-Coudert Committee are tied to the repression of liberalism across society.  Students must organize nationally and participate in the National Conference for Democracy and Education.
     Stapled to this flyer is the undated "Charter of Students Rights and Responsibilities," which was adopted unanimously by the Sixth Annual Convention (December 1940) of the American Student Union.
March 18, "No More Promises! Let's Get Down to Business," Student Party
     To keep unfulfilled promises to improve freshman life, the Student  Party proposes a platform which ranges from creating a freshman class council to ending Rapp-Coudert committee and opposing ROTC on campus.
March 18, "Schappes Must Stay," American Student Union
     The suspension of Morris U. Schappes (CCNY) because of the Rapp-Coudert Committee foretells the suppression of academic freedom in higher education. Hear Bert Witt speak on the "Attack on  Our Educational System."  Protest with telegrams to Ordway Tead.
March 19, "The Heritage of Debs and Our Times," Eugene V. Debs Club
      Meeting announcement.  Speaker: McAlister Coleman.
March 19, "Here's How They Do It!" Student Party
     Arnold Rivkin and the Kingsmen-Fusion Party manipulate technicalities to thwart the will of the students and stop a progressive program.  Elect Student Party candidates to cease"back-room politics."
March 19, "Eugene V. Debs Is An Inspiriting Example for Our Times," Eugene V. Debs Society
     In keeping with the Society's purpose of  keeping alive Debs' heritage, it organized an exhibit in the Library.  Professor Dickinson canceled the exhibit because "The times are not propitious."  Some of the banned exhibit can be seen at the meeting with guest speaker, McAlister Coleman.
March 19, "We Won't Flunk the Course," American Student Union
     The passage of the lend-lease bill proved that the U.S. is moving toward war.  The resistance to the bill showed that protest can influence Congress.  Continue the fight.  Join the national peace demonstration.
March 20, "Reinstate Schappes," American Student Union
    The intimidation and red baiting of the Rapp-Coudert Committee have led to the arrest of Morris Schappes for perjury and are threatening academic freedom.  Demand the reinstatement of Schappes.
March 20, "Defend Education," American Student Union
     Meeting announcement.  Ben Paskoff speaks on "Rapp-Coudert: The Drive Against the Schools, the Drive Towards War."
March 21, "Here's the Answer!" American Student Union
     Students are being punished financially, and their rights are being suppressed because of their opposition to war. Unite to defend our rights and to demand the reinstatement of Schappes.  Hear Schappes speak tonight.
March 21, "Do You Care?" American Student Union
     After listing instances of a war policy and abuses of democracy, the ASU suggests the movement toward fascism :and war can be stopped.  Hear Dr. Annette Rubenstein speak on American peace mobilization and Tom Jones speak on the Nero and war.
March 21, "It's the Same Old Story: Technicalities, Technicalities, Tec...," Unsigned
      Student Council denied five independent students the opportunity to appear on the ballot because they handed in their signed petitions on Monday, not Friday.  Sign the petition to allow them on the ballot.
March 21, "Student Rights Party Is Holding a Caucus," Student Party
     The next meeting will adopt a platform voted on by those attending; a tentative nine-plank platform will begin the discussion.
March 24, "United--Invincible!" American Student Union
      Unless Schappes is reappointed, every teacher and student is threatened.   Organize to resist the destruction of open discussion in colleges.  The first word in the title is illegible.
March 24, "A Seven Billion Dollar Declaration of War," Young Communist League
     The Lend-Lease has led to a demand of $7 billion for war to increase Wall Street profits.  Identification tags and coffins are prepared.  Americans must resist involvement in the imperialist war.
March 24, "Your Teacher may Be Gone Tomorrow!" Brooklyn College Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     To support the assertion that more teachers may be fired, the ASU lists three violations of academic freedom.  Students must resist.  Attend the Save Our School Rally.  Speakers: TBA.
March 24, "Your Country Needs you to Fight for Peace," American Student Union
     War can be prevented if we act now.  Hear Tom Jones and Dr. Annette Rubenstien [sic] speak.  Meeting is supported by the Negro Problems Club.
March 24, "Why Lab Fees?" Chemistry Society in conjunction iwth the Inter-Science Lab Fee Committee
      Students must pay lab fees, because the departments receive too little money. 
March 25, "The Transport Workers Have Shown Us the Way to Strength!" Trade Union Forum
     Students must support the transport workers fight against layoffs now, and they will support students when needed.  Hear Mark Itzkowitz speak.
March 25, "Think It Through," Young Communist League
     The Rapp-Coudert investigation has led to cuts in the education budget while billions are allocated for the military.  To divert attention from this connection, politicians focus on a Communist threat.  In contrast, democratic Soviet Union, which is increasing educational expenditures.  Students must organize and protest.
March 25, "Presenting! The Plan of '45," Student Party
     SP appeals to the freshman class with a democratic organizational plan for informing students about what goes on at Student Council.
March 26, "Wanted--One Muckraker!!" Student Party
     SP accuses the Kingsmen-Fusion machine of undemocratic practices in preventing votes on Rapp-Coudert and suspended CCNY faculty in Student Council.
March 26, "Brooklyn Goes to War!" American Student Union
     Brooklyn College faculty is pursuing a war policy, and the College is becoming a military camp.  Resist by supporting the Student Charter.  Meeting, speaker: Prof. Howard Selsam on "Ambassador Dodd's Diary."
March 26, "The American Student Union Supports Aid to Britain's People," American Student Union
     The imperialist British leaders do not represent the British people; the British People's Convention does, with its 6 point program.  The aid they need is our refusing to fight.  Murray Young speaks on "Save our Teachers."
March 26, "Out of the Night," the Politics Club
    Notice of meeting.  Speaker:  Irving Howe, organizer for the Young People's Socialist League.
March 26, "Jewish Students," Avukah-Hillel
     Seymour Melman will answer four (listed) questions on the Rapp-Coudert investigation and the American Student Union.
March 26, "The Best Laid Plans," Kingsmen Fusion
    Reviewing KF success and a third party's collapse in recent student elections, KF eagerly takes on the Student Party and promises a flyer the next day on its policies and achivements.
March 27, "Bar," Harriet Tubman Society
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Rev. H. Clayton Powell.
March 27, "A Challenge!" American Student Union
     The Rapp-Coudert Committee continues to undermine free public education; the Board of Higher Education authorized the firing of faculty for their beliefs. Defend our teachers and our education.
March 27, "Censored," Committee for Defense of Public Education
     This appeal from Morris U. Schappes sets forth the steps in the firings of faculty and staff at City College because of the Rapp-Coudert investigation and his own arrest for perjury.  This well-written argument sets forth a liberal analysis underpinned by Marxist principles.
March 27, "The Next Step to War!" American Student Union
     The country moves closer to war with the call for total mobilization and similar actions.  Fight for peace.  Hear Prof. Selsam review Ambassador Dodd's diary.
March 27, "The Transport Workers Have Shown Us the Way to Strength!" Trade Union Forum
     Drawing a parallel with the organizing power of the transport workers, the Trade Union Forum urges all students to unite and act on behalf of the N.Y.A. workers being fired.  The text of this flyer is identical to that of the American Student Union flyer, dated March 25.
March 27, "K.F. Slings Mud," Independents
     Don Rothenberg explains why Kingsman-Fusion vilifies the Independents who are not now, nor will they be, a front for the American Student Union.
March 28, "You Can't Vote!" Independents
     Don Rothenberg calls on students to support the new party which is forming in response to the Independents being prevented from running in student elections by Kingsmen-Fusion.
March 28, "Did You Know That--" Psychology Club
     Brooklyn College students are overcharged for laboratory fees, while the science department is underfunded.  Students should attend a town meeting --"Lab Fees--Why?"--and write protest letters.
March 28, "They Can't talk Now," American Student Union
     Imprisoning Morris Schappes is part of the campaign by the Rapp-Coudert Committee, Merwin K. Hart, and the Taxpayers' Association to cut money from education to spend on war.  Murray Young speaks on the defense of teachers.
March 28, "K-F- Condemns K-F-," Student Party
    Quoting a letter and Vanguard, the Student Party attacks the Fusion-Kingsmen Party for undemocratic actions in a campaign for Student Council.
March 28, "U.S. Defends S.A. 'Democracy,'" American Student Union
     U.S. policy to "save democracy for the world" is suspect in South America because of past oppressions, which are listed.  Meetings on "Yankee Imperialism in S.A. at CCNY and on Ambassador Dodd's diary.  The bottom of the flyer is cut off; the paper slipped in the mimeograph machine.
March 28, "Brooklyn College Evening Goes to Harvard," Student Council
     The world war is fostering the suppression of basic freedoms, from New York to California.  Students from Brooklyn College are meeting with other concerned students at Harvard to deal with these infringements.
March 28, "Changing Colors," Kingsman Fusion
     The Student Party, in following the American Student Union, has contributed to the College's negative image; KF has a constructive program, including a true peace plank, and a positive record in Student Council.
March 31, "With a Stroke of a Pen!" American Student Union
     Senator Coudert's "budget-slashing orgies" and measures like the Sickes Bill continue the attack on free public education.  Reinstate the three fired CCNY teachers.  Mr. Gustafson speaks on "Rapp-Coudert and the 7 students."
April, "For the Right to Live! March on May Day!" Trade Union Forum
     Marching on May Day supports labor in its fight to defend civil liberties and to organize and also supports peace and civil liberties.  George Squier speaks on "Youth and Labor on May Day" at Brooklyn College.
April 1, "T'Aint Funny," Club to Defend Free Higher Education,
     Using a six-panel comic strip, the Club identifies student concerns and invites students to a meeting to hear the delegates to the Harvard Conference and Professor Selsam.
April 1, "Why We Strike?" American Student Union
     The schools are being destroyed, as 5 listed incidents illustrate.  Strike on April 23 to protect your education.   The flyer slipped during printing; it is crooked and part of the title was cut off.
April 1, "Who Is Subversive," Young Communist League
     The B.H.E. is subversive in its budget policies, its militarization of Brooklyn College, and its violations of academic freedom.  It resorts to red-baiting and intimidation to cover its actions.  All progressives resist.
April 2, Letter to "Dear Friend," Harry Bridges Defense Committee
     Letter asks for support for labor leader Harry Bridges and introduces a 28 page pamphlet on Harry Bridges, written by Dalton Trumbo (see March).
April 2, "The Alternatives for American Students: Imperialism or People's Peace?" American Student Union
     This four-page pamphlet argues that wars are being waged against education with budget cuts, intimidation, and suppression of freedoms and against democracy. They are tied to efforts to involve the U.S. in the imperialist war in Europe, which must be resisted.  Participate in the strike April 23.
April 2, "Home Front," American Student Union
     Education is "the first line of defense against internal breakdown" in war.  Aiming at freshman, the ASU refers to four more years in which students must defend education by supporting peace.
April 2, "The Importance of Student Action," American Student Union
    Students in England, France, Mexico, and China are defending freedom and education.  American education is beleaguered.  Students must organize and also attend the April 23 peace strike.  Meeting 1, with Professor Morais speaking on "The Historical Background of the War.  Meeting 2, with Mr. Gustafson speaking on "Labor and Defense."
April 2, "Youth of America, Strike Against War," Progressive Students League and 5 other organizations
     Students are urged to strike against war on April 23 and to support "world democracy."
April 2, "All--Out--Aid!" Progressive Students League
     The PSL platform includes aid for sharecroppers, racial minoritys, labor, and the 1/3 of Americans who are poor.  It opposes convoys, poll taxes, conscription, and war.  Hear Bill Sutherland speak on April 23.
April 2, "Weekly Bulletin on Student Council," Student Party
     Kingsman-Fusion supports the movement toward war and rejects a genuine peace program which must include the connection between the threat to higher education and an "unwanted war."
April 2, "The Nation Defends Education," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     Meeting announcement of delegates' report of Harvard Conference.  Speakers: students Dorothy Harrison and Vivian Cohen and Prof. Selsam.
April 4, "Can We Save Peace and Free Education?"  Evening Student Council
     Connecting peace and attacks on "subversion" in colleges, Student Council supports the nationwide peace  in April.  Meeting announced: reports of delegates to the Harvard Conference for Democracy in Education.
April 4, "Youth Looks at the War," no organization identified
     Announcement of symposium at Hillel House.  Speakers: Roslyn Cohen, Howard Goldstein, Leon Silverman.  The top of the flyer is barely legible.
April 4, "Facts and Figures," American Student Union
     Two-page newsletter quotes politicians and cites incidents to show war's imminence, the support for corporations, and the abuse of labor.  Labor's interests and students' interests are the same.  Announcement of the American People's Meeting, with Vito Marcantonio and Paul Robeson.  Admission: 5¢.
April 7, "Strike Today or Fight," Club for Peace Action
     The administration has clearly moved toward involving the U.S. in war.  Students must unite and strike on April 23 to reverse this trend.  The strike program consists of four slogans.
April 7, "We Know It Well," Student Council
     The Academic Freedom Committee summarizes the recommendations of the National Conference for Democracy and Education held at Harvard and invites students to a  meeting to discuss them.
April 7, "Strike for Peace--April 23," American Student Union
     After accusing Student Council and the Progressive Student League of supporting war, the ASU affirms that its program guarantees a "people's peace" and announces a meeting on it.  Speaker: Maia Turchin.
April 8, "ZerOhour: The Question of War or Peace Is Coming to a Head," Progressive Students League
     Firmly announcing its stand against war and on domestic policy, the PSL insists the peace issue cannot be used to support totalitarian states and asks students to join the strike against war.
April 8, "Peace It's Wonderful!" Club for Peace Action
     The Club describes Student Council's program as "All-Out Aid ato the Allies" and appeals to students to support a "broad, inclusive" peace program and the United Peace Strike.
April 8, "Weekly Bulletin on Student Council," Student Party
     After attacking Arnold Rivkin and Student Council as supporting war, SP asserts a genuine peace program advocates free democratic higher education, no A.E.F. or convoys, and workers' right to organize and to strike.  The original is barely legible in spots because of the heavy inking.
April 8, "Convoys--A.E.F. 1941," Evening American Student Union
      Convoys will soon be followed by the our. sending an Expeditionary Force to Europe.  Citing labor unity as a model, the ASU urges students to sign the anti-convoy petition and protest to New York Senators.
April 9, "Save Our Teachers, Save Our School, Strike--April 23rd," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     After listing abuses of academic freedom and student rights, the CTDFHE endorses a united strike.
April 9, "Where We Stand," Politics Club
     Groups like the American Student Union oppose imperialist war on only one side, and the Progressive Student League rejects no aid to England, making a united peace strike impossible.  Therefore, the Politics Club is holding an anti-war action
April 9, "Strike for Peace," American Student Union
     .After attacking the Progressive Student League, the ASU points to its record of fighting for students, peace, and the college and calls for students to attend a united peace strike.
April 9, "The Rise and Nature of Fascism,"  Debs Society
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Lillian  Symes.
April 9, "Convoys Mean War," Club for Peace Action
     To stop the current movement toward sending convoys to Britain, students must "flood" their representatives with telegrams and post cards supporting a ban on convoys.   Support the April 23 strike.  Meeting on strike program: spearkers: Dotty Harrison, Mr. Gippl [sic].
April 9, "What You Can Do," Physics Club, Chemistry Society, Psychology Club
      Citing the $100,000 in fees students' "free" education is costing them, the $9,000 budgeted for all the sciences, and funding cuts, the flyer asks students to join the mass delegation to Board of Estimate public hearings.
April 10, "There's Something Rotten in Brooklyn College," Progressive Students Party
     What's wrong is pushing a Comminist agenda on BC students.  Vote Progressive.
April 10, "A Program We Must Hear!" Young Communist League
     The administration won't allow Communists to speak on campus but has allowed a leading Fascist to do so.  This is because Fascist Wall Street has adopted the tactic of having Fascists verbally attack both Communism and Fascism, thereby linking them, while in fact supporting Fascism.  The Communists are being silenced for their opposition to war and to aid to Britain.
April 10, "Support United Peace Strike?  We Do!"  N.Y.A. Workers and Applicants Club
     To make its three demands heard, the Club supports the United Peace Strike.
April 10, "Peace: It's Wonderful!!" Progressive Students Party
     With the motto "The school comes first," the PSP implies a segment of Student Council has followed the contradictory Communist Party by tracings its stands.  Students should endorse, not isolationism, but the American Peace Plank, at today's peace strike.  This same group has bankrupted Beacon.  Vote PSP.
April 10, "Inquisition?" Students Rights Party
     Associating the Rapp-Coudert Committee w  tith the Inquisiton, the SRP demands the abolition of Rapp-Coudert and ties American democracy to academic freedom.
April 10, "Framing Our Minds," Club for Peace Action
    A rally to prepare Americans for convoys and war was announced.  The College is offering courses to prepare students for war, and the Rapp-Coudert Committee is destroying schools, which promote unfettered thinking. Students must picket when the Board of Higher Education discusses the 60 teachers named by the Rapp-Coudert Committee and attend the United Student Peace Strike on April 23.  Stop the drive to war.
April 10, "Why Strike Now?" Freshmen Cooperating with the Club for Peace Action
     The assaults on free education and peace are increasing; defend them by attending the April 23 strike.
April 10, "Kingsmen Fusion Caucus," Kingsman Fusion
     Meeting announcement.  All invited.
April 10, "Subpoena," Club to Defend Free Higher Educaiton
     Using the form of a subpoena, the Club commands students to attend the next meeting of the Board of Higher Education, to prevent teachers at Brooklyn College being fired.
April 10, "Speak  Up Student America!" Academic Freedom and Peace Committee
      The slogan "Speak Up Student America" is repeated for ten issues, ranging from stopping budget cuts to the evening session to no Gideonse labor camps and no more Jim Crow.  Evening strike for peace, April 28.
April 11, "What Is Behind It =," American Student Union
     Referring to specific events to prove that students' right to education is under attack and connecting the Lusk and Rapp-Coudert investigations,  the ASU identifies the cause as a drive toward war.  Students are asked to save their teachers, schools, and lives by attending a BHE meeting and the April 23 Peace Strike.
April 18, SOS, Student Defenders of Democracy
     This four-page newsletter is aimed at a national audience.  "New Yorkers Rally for Democracy" discusses the divisions within the peace demonstration at Brooklyn College (p. 1).  Also on page 1, Joseph Lash explains why he does not support the ASU-AYC led peace demonstration, and "Anti-Red Leaders Rap Rapp-Coudert" attacks the committee.
April 21, The Strike Day, Club for Peace Action
     This four-page newsletter anticipates the Peace Strike scheduled for April 23; articles describe the strike, decry the move towards toward, attack the Rapp-Coudert Committee, and support labor and Negro rights.
April 21, "Rally Tonight to Save Our Teachers," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     The rescheduled meeting at which the Board of Higher Education will determine "the fate of Brooklyn College's subpoened teachers--among the best in the school."  Rally at the BHE to save them.
April 21, "Design for Living," Student Council
     The muderous, destructive New Order of Germany, Italy, Russia, and Japan is contrasted with the free, democratic New Order of the United States.  The Student Council Peace Assemby is April 23.
April 21, "What Kind of a War Is This, Is There a Way Out?" American Student Union
     Roosevelt's policies lead to war, favor big business, and punish labor.  Both sides in the war are imperialist; Britain wants to maintain and extend its empire.  The alternative is  a people's government and people's peace.
April 21, "No AEF--No Convoys, Strike Against War Monday--April 28," Student Council
     War looms; education and civil rights are beset.  The war strike is more urgently needed now than in the past 7 years.  Attend the evening session peace strike on April 28.
April 21, "Well Here's the Story," Progressive Students Party
     Brooklyn College's "red" reputation is harmful to students. Implying that Communist students have dominated publications and other student activities, the PSP appeals for votes for Student Council and asserts  its anti-Communist stand with the motto "The school comes first!"
April 21, Johnny Doesn't Want a Gun....." Student party
     An eight-page polemic opposing war, with quotations by prominent figures and politiicans with commentary.  The title parodies the first line, used throughout, from the World War I song, "Over There."
April 21, "Plastics or Poison Gases," Chemistry Club
      The CC explaisn why it is supporting the peace strike organized by the Club for Peace Action.
April 21, "No A.E.F. #2!  No Convoys!" American Student Union
     News reports make it clear: convoys means war.  Defeat convoys with a united peace strike on April 23.
April 22, "Want a Job Buddy??" Student Rights Party
     The Progressive Student Party is using the smear tactics of reactionry groups when they attack progressiver organizations.  Nothing productive results.  Vote for the SRP.
April 22, "Strike! For the Right to Live! For the Right to Learn!" American Student Union
     A four-page brochure lists examples of threats to higher education and its becoming a "defense industry."  Together, the ASU and students have won their demands; together they can act to prevent war.
April 22, "Design for Living Dying!" American Student Union
     Mrs. Roosevelt  supports Student Council because of its war policy.  The ASU supports the United Peace Strike because it is supported by clubs with a records of opposing war.
April 23, "Youth of America, Strike Against War," Fellowship of Reconciliation, National Council of Methodist Youth, Youth Committee Against War, Progressive Students League, War Resisters League, Young People's Socialist League
     Students are urged to strike on April 23 to prevent war and defend democracy.  The strange thing about this flyer is that the back contains a flyer supporting the strike, with a list of speakers; however, the only organization listed is the Progressive Students League.
April 23, "Strike to Save Our Education," American Student Union
     The Board of Higher Education's firing of 11 teachers at CCNY is a first step in a move to kill democracy.  Writing letters is not enough; students must strike in a united peace strike.
April 23, "United Peace Strike," Club for Peace Action
     Announcement of strike.  Speakers: Jack McMichael, Bella Dodd, Jack Lawrence, Frederic Ewen.  Sponsors: Club for Peace Action, English Club, Observer, Club to Defend Free Higher Education, American Student Union, Chemistry Club, N.Y.A. Club, Psychology Club, Broeklundian.
April 23, "Our Day Today, 11 AM," Student Council Peace and Democracy Assembly
      This peace strike announcement quotes praise and support for Brooklyn College and the peace strike from Eleanor Roosevelt's column My Day and a telegram to Arnold Rivkin, Council President.   Speakers: Congressman Joseph Baldwin, Harry Gideonse, and Arthur Garfield Hays.
April 23, Education and the War: The Communists Speak for Themselves, Young Communist League
     This four-page pamphlet attacks monopoly capitalists and the government for their drive toward war and the resulting profits.  Part of the capitalists' strategy is denouncing defenders of education as Communist.  The alternative to the Nazis is not imperialist Britain but peace-pursuing Russia and the people's peace.
April 23, "Don't Mourn for Peace--Organize!" American Student Union
     America is on the verge of war.  Student rights and lives are threatened.  Students are resisting by organizing.  Join the 20,000 ASU members fighting for peace.
April 23, "Don't Mourn for Peace--Organize!" American Student Union
     More urging for students to attend the peace strike.
April 23, "Roll Call," Politics Club
     Calling the Student Council war-mongors, the Club for Peace Action Stalinists, and the Progressive Students League a sewing circle, the PC announces its continuing struggle against war and a meeting to discuss "The Origins and  Sources of the War."
April 23, "Speak Up Student America," Club for Peace Action
      The accumulation of events which threaten academic freedom and which move toward war requires students to speak up in protest and to strike.
April 23, "News Item: Draft Age Lowering Urged..." American Student Union
     Graphics stress the youth of potential draftees.  Announcement of national peace strike.
April 24, "We've Still Got a Fighting Chance," Student Rights Party
     The Student Rights Party supports peace and the April 28 peace rally.  Vote for Student Rights for evening Student Council.
April 24, "The Strike Goes on," Club for Peace Action
     Unlike Student Council and the Progressive Student League, the Club for Peace Action is actively and continuingly engaged in fighting war.  Support the Tobey resolution; protest lowering the draft age.
April 24, "In the Ranks of an AEF #2--OR the Fight for Peace," American Student Union
     After quoting two "liberal" pro-war college administrators, the ASU asserts its opposition to war.  Meeting, Dr. Bressler on "Roosevelt and Needs and Rights of People."
April 24, "In Memory of Those Who Died in the Great War 1917-1918," Student Council
     Efforts to lower the draft age to 18 and to authorize convoys move us closer to war.  Students must oppose such efforts; evening students can assert their support of peace with the strike on April 28.
April 25, Untitled, Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     The CDFHE lists courses being offered next semester, then asks whether the teachers listed by Rapp-Coudert will be here.  The fight to learn continues.  Attend the Friday rally; speaker; Mr,. Young.
April 25, "Is This Your Program Next Term?" Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     A variant of the preceding flyer, this flyer lists seven courses with the names of professors threatened by the Rapp-Coudert investigaiton and invites students to the rally at which Mr. Young is speaking.
April 28, "Sick Leave with Pay Won!!!" State, County and Municipal Workers of America
      Having won sick leave and vacation rights for custodians, SCMWA urges workers to join the union.
April 28, "Tomorrow's Headlines," Intercollegiate SOS Committee
     Will the Board of Higher Education suspend faculty, or will it reinstate them because of student demonstrations?  Affect the future; rally before the BHE meeting at Hunter College.
April 29, "Students of New York. . . " United Youth May Day Committee
     Labor invites students to join the May Day march to continue the aims of the April Peace Strike; a laundry list of other issues is also offered as an inducement to march.
April 29,"Think It Over--Hard!" Young Peoples Socialist League
     The imperialist European war is a natural outgrowth of capitalism; thinking youth can only choose socialism for economic security and peace.
April 29, "No. 158--Female," Mrs. Roosevelt wants compulary service for women; funds for the poor are being diverted into military expenditure.  This is no different from fascism or Naziism. 
April 30, "Convoys," Progressive Students League
     Support the Senate Tobay Anti-Convoy Resolution by writing your senators.  Meeting to raise money to send delegates to the Keep America Out of War Congress in Washington, D.C.
April 30, "We Are Proud of Our Student Council," Students Rights Party
     The Progressive Party has adopted the red-baiting tactics of the Rapp-Coudert Committee in its negative campaign.  The SRP majority in Student Council has effectively fought for student rights and benefits.
April 30, "3 Steps Closer to Victory," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     Taking credit for the Board of Higher Education's not actiona against  CCNY's Mr. Goldway and other actions, the Club asserts membership is the best way to resist Rapp-Coudert and budget cutting.
May, "K-F Sweep Seen: Foreign Policy Deciding Issue," Quadrangle
Two-page newsletter.  Page 1 consists of a column of notes on campus and world issues and an editorial, Joel J. Mehlman.  He attacks the Student and Unity Parties as ASU fronts and for their politican stance and tactics (e.g., picketing the home of Arnold Rivkin, the President of Student Council).
May, "United Action Urged" Quadrangle
     Two-page newsletter. "Behind the News," a column, consists of brief news items, like an attack the newly formed Campus Party and report on Vanguard
 May, "Louder than Ever," United Peace Congress
     The imperialist powers Germany and Great Britain continue their aggressions.  President Roosevelt is moving the country toward war, which Americans oppose.  The UPC demands true neutrality, democracy at home for Negroes, and help for the unemployed and hungry.  Attend the rally against war plans.
May, The Students Speak!  It's Our Education!  We'll Defend It!!!  Students in Courses
     This six-page brochure defends faculty subpoenaed by the Rapp-Coudert Committee.  The introductory statement is signed by 50 students currently in the courses of these faculty.  Then current students in individual courses of Professors Selsam, Ewen, Young, Kaiser, Ogur, Morais, and Slochower provide one-paragraph testimonials to teachers, with an indication of the number of students signing out of those contacted.
      Numerous copies of this brochure appear in the President files, with dates up to June 12.,  Attached to one brochure is a handwritten memorandum, to President Gideonse, from Dean Ralph P. Bridgeman, dated June 13; it notes that the brochure was distributed on June 5 and 6 by individuals named on page 1, that neither the writer nor the committee sees ground for action against anyone,  and asks whether Gideonse does.
May, "Did You Know That ----" Progressive Students Party
     Appealing for votes for Student Council and the Beacon Board, the PSP describes the pro-Communist activities of the Student Party and Beacon and the resulting student disinterest in college affairs.
May, "What's Your Platform?" Progressive Students Party
     The 9 planks of the PSP platform range from a democratic Student Council and an unbiased open hearing on reinstatement to welcoming "any FAIR UNBIASED investigation" and keeping America out of war.
May, "Frosh Party 'ASU Front,'" Kingsman Fusion
     Despite the rule that students may belong to only one caucus, members of the American Student Union participated in organizing a new freshman party, and the vice chairman was booed for condemning "all forms of totalitarianism, including the Soviet union."
May 1, "May Day Meeting," Socialist Party
     Ticket/announcement for May Day meeting.  Speakers: Norman Thomas, Samuel Friedman, Aaron Levenstein, Harry Laidler, Gloria Waldron, May Hillyer.
May 1, "We Are Proud of Our Student Council," Student Rights Party
      Accusing its critics of using the tactics of the Rapp-Coudert Committee, the SRP supports its members on Student Council (they form the majority).
May 2, Meeting announcement, American Student Union
      Bert Witt is speaking on a variety of issues.  This typewritten note is attached to a pamphlet, which Bert Witt wrote, on labor camps.
May 2, No Forced Labor Camps for American Youth, American Student Union
     This eight-page pamphlet attacks President Charles Seymour of Yale for proposing "student armies" and President Harry Gideonse for proposing compulsory student labor camps.  The solutions for youth and democracy are the American Youth Act, Federal aid to education, and joining the ASU.
May 7, "Don't Kill Yourself," American Student Union
     This anti-war flyer starts with the suicide of a college student who was denied a draft deferment.
May 7, "Do You Read the 'Times'? Did You See Today's Headline?' Stimson Calls for Use of Navy to Escort Supplies to Britain,'" American Student Union
     The ASU rejects the proposal to protect convoys and the supporting argument that it will save lives.  Meeting, speaker: Eugene Connolly.
May 7, "Meet the Candidates of Student Rights Party," Student Rights Party
     The biographies of the top four officers are summarized.  Vote straight SRP.
May 7, "KF Caucus Today," Herb Miller and Marie Macri
     Meeting announcement.
May 7, "KF Caucus Today," Kingsman-Fusion
    Meeting announcement.
May 7, "Fascism Spreads to the Near East," Avukah
     Even if Palestine falls to the Nazis, the Jewish National Fund must continue, to support democracy.  The bottom of the flyer is torn.
May 8, "Throw Navy into Fight--Stimson," American Student Union
    Announcement of rally against convoys and AEF #2.  Speakers: TBA.
May 8, "Pens and Pencils of 1941!" American Student Union
     Announcement of annual musical, "The Show with a Point for Peace."  Admission: 40¢ - 80¢.
May 8, "What Price Glory?" Young Communist League
     The Roosevelt administration is pushing the U.S. into an imperialist war.  Their efforts must be resisted; we must  look at the example of the Soviet Union.  Capitalism means  fascism and war; socialism, peace.
May 8, "No Convoys, No A.E.F.!" Young Communist League
     Meeting announcement.  Speakers: Mother Ella Bloor, Claudia Jones, John Gates, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn.
May 8, "Tear off the Mask," Student Rights Party
     The Progressive Students Party emerges right before the election with a patina of semi-liberalism.  The SRP repudiates its claim to representing student rights and defending peace.
May 8, "Palestine on Two War Fronts," Habonim--Labor Zionist Youth
     Open forum explores what will happen to Palestine with the Nazis advancing.  Speaker: Nachum Guttman.
May 9, "What Are You Giving Your Mother?" American Student Union
      For Mother's Day, politicians are giving her gifts like convoys and drafting girls in contrast to the ASU 's gift of saving schools, teachers, student lives.  The flyer includes a quote from the musical, Pens and Pencils.
May 9, "Not Appeasement, not Imperialist War, not Lindberg, not Roosevelt, but a People's Peace," American Student Union
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Eugene Connolly on "Roosevelt and Convoys."
May 11, "Let's Have 'Unity' on Rapp-Coudert," Unity Party
     UP rejects the Rapp-Coudert Committee because its behavior facilitates budget cuts, threatens academic freedom, and charges Brooklyn College is dominated by Communists. 
May 12, "Brooklyn College Students Say, No Convoys! No A.E.F.! Save out Schools!" American Student Union
     Meeting announcment.  Speakers: Morris Watson, Maia Turchin, Bob Burke.
May 12, "What Is the Score?" Student Party
     This campaign flyer compares the record of Kingsmen-Fushion on civil liberty, Rapp-Coudert,the Schappes case, and budget cuts with that of Student Party.  Vote Student Party.
May 12, The Hillel Scribe, Hillel
     An article announces a meeting, at which Belle Zeller, Paul Gipfel, and Gabriel Almond will speak on "The Jewish Stake in this War."
May 12, The Way out of the Imperialist War, Earl Browder
     This fourteen-page pamphlet accuses President Roosevelt of pursuing war to implement an imperialist policy of world domination.  Congress, liberals, and Social-Democrats support the imperialist war.  Communists are falsely charged with being subversive.  The democratic Soviet Union serves as a model for peace as it is "the living example of the path out of imperialist war."
May 12, "Take to Class Instructions on Voting," Progressive Students Party
     The flyer lays out the procedure for voting in the election for Student Council and the Beacon Board and lists the PSP slate.
May 12, "We Present!" Students Rights Party
     The SRP enunciates its platform and candidates for Student Council and Beacon Board.
May 13, "We Must Know the Truth," Young Communist League
     President Roosevelt's misrepresentations on war, aid to England, and Jim Crow are contrasted with Earl Browder's expose of the underlying manipulation toward war.
May13, "We Present!"  Student Rights Party
     Campaign flyer lists the SRP platform and candidates for Student Council and the Beacon Board.
May 13 "Comparison Please," Students Rights Party
     Addressed to evening students, this campaign flyer attacks the "Progressive" Party and extols its own achievements.
May 13, "Roosevelt Tours, Inc. Announces Free Tripe Abroad," American Student Union
     The four-page brochure warns against Roosevelt's war policy and its devastating effects on students and democracy and urges students to organize for peace and to join the ASU.
May 13, Untitled,  American Student Union
     ASU campaigns have helped prevent more faculty firings, tuition increases, etc. The flyer asks students to attend the Board of Higher Education meeting, sign a petition, buy the ASU bulletin, and attend Dr.Bressler's lecture on the war program. The flyer is barely legible in many passages.
May 14, "You Wanted a Third Party," Unity Party
       The Unity Party formed in response to petitions by students unhappy with the Student Party and Kingsmen-Fusion.  Unity will be responsible to the students.  Caucus today.
May 14, "Did You Read in this Mornings Newspaper..." Progressive Students League
      The United States is about to go to war; hear Norman Thomas speak against war and help resist war.
May 15, "We Are United," Unity Party
     Like 2/3 of the students, Unity opposes convoys and an A.E.F. and pledges to actively defend Brooklyn College, its teachers, and its students.  Kingsmen-Fusion hasn't.  Vote Unity.
May 15, "Combat Anti-semitism," Jewish Youth Society
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Herbert Lansner.  Topic: The Christian Front Trials.
May 15, Letter to N.Y.A. Worker, from Vivan Gordon and Mildred Lazerson
     The N.Y.A. Workers and Applicants' Club is conducting a survey to show the importance of and need for N.Y.A.  Suggestions may be submitted on the survey or at a meeting.
May 16, "Point of Disorder," Student Party
     In keeping with its "policy of dragging the campus into war," Kingsman-Fusion has called for a referendum on R.O.T.C.   Don't let the campus become a military camp, vote NO on the referendum and YES for SP.
May 16, "S.P.? No!--K-F? No! Unity Party Yes," Unity Party
     The Student Party does not represent students in calling the war "an imperialist war" and in approaching student problems emotionally.  Vote Unity Party for Student Council.
May 16, "To All Students," Trade Union Forum
     A meeting announcement in the form of a telegram invites students to hear Michael Butler speaker on "The Right of Collective Bargaining for Transport Workers.
May 19, "America Must Deliver the Goods!" Student Defenders of Democracy
     If Britain falls, then America will have to fight the Nazis alone.  To protect our freedom, we must help Britain now by sending convoys with supplies.  Write your congressman, and sign convoy petitions.
May 19, "Unity Sets an All Time Mark," Unity Party
     The Unity Party is taking action to protest the suspension of teachers and protect students and teachers from unjust attacks.  Act with Unity by signing postcards and petitions.
May 19, "We Are Consistent," Progressive Student Party
     The PSP defends withdrawing its candidates from the Independent Party slate, explains its stands, and attacks the Lavender Party.  Note: though Student Council elections are May 19 and 20, the President's Office has dated the flyer June 2, weeks after it would have been distributed.
May 19, "Reelect K.F.," Kingsman Fusion
     In fulfilling its commitment to represent student interests at Faculty Council,  KF calls for a voluntary R.O.T.C. unit, a representative Vanguard, a cooperative bookstore, and improving community relations.
May 20, "Unity Sets an All Time Mark," Unity Party
     The Unity Party protests the suspension of 10 CCNY professors and asks students to sign petitions, thereby doing more in two days than Kingsmen-Fusion has done in two years.
May 20, "Vote K.F. No A.S.U.nity," Kingsmen Fusion
     The Hydra-like American Student Union has created another front, the "Unity" Party.   Evidence is its leadership and the defeat of a resolution "condemning all totalitarianism, including that of Soviet Russia."
May 20, "The Student Body Vs K-F," Student Party
     Kingsman-Fusion actions disregard student desires for improving campus life, saving academic freedom and free public education, and preserving peace. Sp's Plan of '45 has "tentatively" been adopted.
May 21, "Roosevelt- - - -  Lindberg, Six of 1- - - - - -1/2 Dozen of the Other," Young Communist League
     American imperialists (Roosevelt, Morgan, Hearst, Lindbergh) seek world domination, the destruction of unions, and elimination of free education.  One group of imperialists wans to seize the colonies of the disintegrating British empire; the other wants an alliance with Britain.  The American people must ally with the democratic Soviet people for peace.  This convoluted argument also includes the Board of Higher Education.
May 21,  Letter, Marvin Schachter, to President Harry Gideonse
     In response to Gideonse's statement that students have responsibilities, Schachter encloses the ASU Charter of Student Rights and Responsibilities.
May 21, "Aid Our Allies Rally," Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies and Student League for Democracy
     Announcement of rally.  Speakers: Ralph Ingersoll and Gilmore Scott.
May 21, "Student Party Against Follows Communist Line," Student Defenders of Democracy
     The S.D.D. rejects the Student Party association between an ROTC unit on campus and acceptance of America's involvement in the war.  Vote "yes" to allow ROTC on campus in the referendum.
May 22, "Student League for Democracy," Student League for Democracy
     The League introduces itself with a statement of policy, from the Preamble of tahe Constititon and an outline of its program or platform.
May 22, President Harry Gideonse Letter to Marvin Schachter
     Gideonse argues that the ASU Charter mentions student responsibilities but does not identify any.
May 22, "Face the Issues K-F," Student Party
     Kingmen-Fusion is drawing attention away from the real concerns of students, war  and threats to their education.  Student Party, supporting the Unity Party, will address these concerns.
May 22, "America First--for War," American Student Union
     After attacking American First for its imperialist, war-inciting policy, the ASU praises the anti-war program of the American Peace Mobilization.  Only the Student and Unity Parties support it.
May 23, "K-F Uses the Old Red Herring," American Student Union
     The A.S.U. charges that Kingsman-Fusion hides its real policy, which "every" B.C. student would reject, and that it supports the Student Party, which has consistedly defended peace and the college.
May 23, "Aid National Defense," ROTC Club
     Vote "Yes" on the ROTC referendum.
May 23, "America Must Act and Act Now!" Communist Party
     President Roosevelt and his allies are pushing American to war; rights are endangered.  Earl Browder is in prison because of his opposition to war.
May 23, "Today We Vote," Unity Party
     Flyer identifying UP candidates for Student Council and class officers.
May 23, "Marching Boots Are not a Step Toward Knowledge," Progressive Students League
      Vote "no" on R.O.T.C.  Announcement of meeting and the Washington Congress Against War.  Telegram this message to the President:  "Democracy will be saved by keeping American out of war."
May 23, "Vote No ROTC," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     To keep Brooklyn College a liberal arts college, students must vote on the ROTC referendum.
May 23, "KF Landslide Seen," Maroon & Gold
The KF two-page newsletter contasts the behavior and policies of KF council members with those of the Student Party (now Student Unity Party) and the American Student Union.  Page 2 lists KF candidates.  Note: Although these two pages were stapled together, the different colors and content suggest they are not one newsletter, but two separate flyers.
May23, "Student Party's Choice," Student Party
     The Student Party states its platform, lists its candidates for Student Council, and explains why it is running only three candidates.
May 26, "The Communists on Education and the War," Earl Browder
     The Young Communist League distributed this four-page pamphlet.  The educational system is under attack (vide the Rapp-Coudert Committee) by a dying capitalism, which covers its purpose by attacking Communists.  Browder identifies basic Marxist-Leninist principles and asserts that labor and lovers of democracy must unite to resist the attack of liberal, democratic institutions.
May 27,  Chester F.X. Burger Letter to President Harry Gideonse
     Evening student Burger supports the reappointment of George Squier and wonders whether he was dismissed because he was faculty advisers to the ASU.
May 27, "Reinstate the Suspended Teachers! Stop the Suspensions," Save Our Schools Committee
     Attend tonight's open hearings on the suspension of 26 teachers.  Speakers: Bella Dodd and Henry Klein.
May 27, "On Two Fronts," Student League for Democracy
     Fascism must be fought both externally in other countries and internally by extending democracy. 
May 27, "Help Take the Hit out of Hitler," Student Defenders of Democracy
     Write the President before his May 27 speech what needs to be done to defeat Hitler; counter the supporters of isolationism.
May 28, Letter, President Harry Gideonse to Chester F.X. Burger
     Gideonse rejects Burger's implication he was suppressing the ASU and refers to its continued presence on campus.
May 28, Letter, Student Defenders of Democracy to Friend,
     Cover letter introduces the four-page pamphlet "Where We Stand," announces that a convention to organize a national student movement is planned for the fall, and asks for volunteers for this project.
May 28, "Where We Stand," Student Defenders of Democracy
     Four-page pamphlet sets forth a generalized statement of  its foreign politicy and a specific statement of its domestic program, which is broken down into political democracy, economic democracy, racial discrimination and education.  It was distributed with a letter.
May 29, "President Roosevelt Said. . .  the People Say--No!" American Student Union
     President Franklin Roosevelt papers over his imperialistic ambitions with talk of a national emergency.  The ASU charges that the national emergency facing Americans is being pushed into war.
May 29, "Stop Hitler Now!" Student League for Democracy
     Meeting announcement.  Ralph Bates and Mark Starr speak on "The War on Two Fronts."
May 29, "We're in It!" Young Peoples Socialist League
     President Roosevelt is leading us into an imperialist war which will suppress labor; the people should be allowed to vote on war.  Only socialism leads to true peace.
May 29, "National Emergency!" Young Communist League
     The national emergency referred to in President Roosevelt's speech is really his suppression of our freedom, the imprisonment of Earl Browder, etc.; freedom means peace and socialism--and the Soviet Union.
May 31, "Board of Higher Educaiton Meets Tonight," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     Student mobilization can against stop the BHE's suspending teachers; meet to protest; send postcards to Ordway Tead.  Student Jamboree; meet the subpoenaed teachers.  Admission: 20¢.
May-June, The Students Speak!  Fifty students
     Fifty students introduce the statements of students in the classes of seven teachers (Selsam, Ewen, Young, Kaiser, Ogur, Morais, Slochower)  threatened by Rapp-Coudert investigations.  Six pages.. 
June, "Are We a Huenity Party? or Are We an A.S. Party? Or Frankly, are these the issues??"  Unity Party
     UP challenges the Kingsmen-Fusion Party about its stand on the Rapp-Coudert Committee, conscription, and an American Expeditionary Force.
June 2, "Soldiers or Scholars?" American Student Union     
     The plan of the Association of  American Colleges speeds up and limits the college curriculum so students can graduate before being drafted.  The ASU calls upon students to unite behind the ASU to safeguard their educations, their freedoms, and themselves.   
June 2, "Where We Stand," Politics Club
     The Politics Club is holding its own anti-war action, because it condemns both sides in the imperialist war, unlike the American Student Union, which passively supports the Hitler-Stalin alliance.
June 2, "Lavender News," Lavender Party
     Ironic flyer supporting Irwin (Dollyl) Goldfuss for Student Council President takes the form of a menu.
June 2, "Wanted--One Muckraker!!"  Student Party
     Student Party accuses the Kingsmen-Fusion majority of controlling Student Council and preventing votes on key issues, like Rapp-Coudert and the suspension of CCNY faculty, by manipulating parliamentary procedures.
June 2, "Did You Know that----" Progressive Students Party
     The PSP attacks the Student Rights dominated Student Council as Communist with allegiances to outside groups, unlike the PSP, whose only allegiance is to Brooklyn College.
June 2, "Fighters Vs Pussyfooters," Progressive Student Party
     Issued by the City College Progressive Student Party, this campaign flyer equates the Lavendar Party with the Rapp-Courdert investigation; the PSP's record of resistance is why st PSP candidates to Student Council.
June 2, "Lavender-News," Lavender Party
      The Lavender Party attacks the Independent Student Party and the Progressive Party, which have "diametrically opposed policies," for supporting the same party.  The LP, in contrast, is consist in its policies, the reason students should vote Lavender..
June 3,"Save Peace with Unity--no Kon Fusion," Student Party
     Kingsmen-Fusion clouds the choices with red-baiting.  Because the choices are clear--for convoys or not, for AEF or not, for budget cuts or not, for dismissal of teachers or not, the SP is fielding only one candidate for each class and supporting Unity Party for other positions.
June 3, "KF Landslide Seen," Kingsmen Fusion Party
     KF attacks the Unity Party as dominated by the American Student Union, which misrepresented the issues.  It is fielding only 3 candidates for Student Council because the rest of the slate resigned.  KF lists the actions it pursued which affect Brooklyn College students, like lower lab feets and free textbooks.
June 3, "Your Kingsmen Fusion Candidates," Kingsmen Fusion Party
     List of candidates for Student Council.
June 3, "Something New: The Best Laid Plans," Kingsmen Fusion
     Excitement over a new political party promising to unite students cooled because the Unity Party turned out to be another American Student Union organization.  The vice presidental candidate objected to being used and withdrew, whereupon the entire ticket collapsed.  K F has continuously fought for student interests.
June 3, "K-F Uses the Old Red Herring," American Student Union
     The ASU opposes Kingmen Fusion for its platform and its name-calling and explains why it supports the Student and Union candidates.
June 3, "The Chameleon Trick Doesn't Fool Us,"  Club for Peace Action
     The maneuvering of the pro-war factions (e.g., calling convoys "neutrality patrols") can be defeatead by organized unity.  Join the Club for Peace Actions, with a "real campaign" against movement toward war.
June 3, "Rally Against Discrimination," United Jewish Youth
     The discrimination against Jews, Negroes, and other minorities contradicts the image of the U.S. fighting to support democracy.  Attend the rally and find out how to help pass the Marcantonio anti-Discrimination Bill.
June 3, "Combat Anti-semitism," Jewish Youth Society
     Meeting announcement.  Topic: The Christian Front Trials.  Speaker: Herbert Lansner.
June 3, "Are They Afraid of the Truth?" Student Council, Evening College
     The Academic Freedom Committee charges Brooklyn College with preventing students from learning about and hearing from faculty subpoenaed by the Rapp-Coudert Committee.  To resist this suppression, which it associates with Hitler's politics, students should join the Committee's activities.
June 4, "What Are You Going to Do About It??" American Student Union
     The "Daily Defense Bulletin" (Vol. 1, No. 2) transcribes a confrontation with Director Park over the case of Stern and Mantell, who were suspended for protesting against the Rapp-Coudert Committee and the firing of Mr. Squier. Mantell and Stern should be reinstated; Mr. Squier, reappointed.  Attend the open air meeting.
June 5, "Guard U.S. From War and Military Dictatorship," Communist Party and Young Communist League
     This reprint from the Daily and Sunday Worker attacks President Roosevelt for dragging the United States and Latin America into war, against the people's wishes.  It recommends five actions to prevent war.
June 5, Letter to President Harry D. Gideonse, from Orday Tead
     The Chairman of the Board of Higher Education thanks Gideonse for a report on a non-instructional conference and notes the inaccuracy of the PM reporting on the event.
June 5, "Brooklyn College Teachers Answer Coudert!" Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     Notice of rally.  Speakers: Professors Selsama nd Ewen and Dr. Lewis.
June 6, "It Is Going to Require Brutal Treatment to Handle These Teachers," American Student Union
     The Rapp-Coudert Committee is using terrorism to suppress student defense of free educaiton.  Students must organize and support the ASU.
June 6, "Final Exam," Young Communist League
     Using the format of a short answer test, the YCL compares Coudert to Goering, labels President Roosevelt's support of private enterprise undemocraticcolonial exploitation, and praises (Soviet) socialism.
June 6, "Suspensions at B.C.," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     To protest the suspension of evening students Sol Mantell and Irving Stern, students are asked to gather on the academic steps and go to President Gideonse as a delegation and to be alert to the Rapp-Coudert actions.
June 12, "Did the Punishment Fit the Crime?" Staff of the Beacon
     The writers find it ironic that President Gideonse ssuspended two students for speaking at a meeting on democracy and accuse him of suspending Sol Mantell to remove him as the editor of  Beacon.
June 12, "Dr. Kaiser, Prof. Morais, Prof. Selsam Suspended," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     President Gideonse suspended suspended these instructors for unbecoming conduct and neglect of duties, but it is Gideonse and Rapp-Coudert who interfere with learning by removing our teachers.  Fight the atack on our teachers and our education by signing the protest telegrams and writing to Gideonse and others.
June 14, "All Night Picket Line," Committee for the Defense of Profs Kaiser, Morais, and Selsam
     The Committee appeals to students join  the protest picket line before Senator Coudert's home and also to come with their parents to hear Professor Selsam speak at a Save Brooklyn College Rally.
July 2, "The People's Program of Struggle for the Defeat of Hitler and Hitlerism," Communist Party and Young Communist League
     The two-page statement of the National Committee appeals to American's patriotism and love of freedom to support both the Soviet Union in its fight against Hitler and China in its fight against Japan, as well as a list of its usual slogans, e.g., end racism and anti-semitism and free Earl Browder. 
July 3, "In the Spirit of Our Forefathers," American Student Union
     Using the analogy of the Rapp-Coudert Committee and other reactionary forces as British tyrants, the ASU casts students in the role of embattled American revolutionaries fighting to get Roslyn Cohen her diploma, the ASU reinstated, teachers reappointed.  Colonists began their struggle on July 4; let students do the same.
July 8, Handwritten note, Unsigned
     Four copies of the History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union were found in the locker of Morris Horowitz and sent to the librry.
July 9, "Stop Conscription!" Young Communist League
       President Roosevelt's plan for a youth "national service" is really conscription in preparation for war and profits for Wall Street and fascism here.  Oppose the Burke Bill and any compulsory training of young men.
July 23, Letter to Students, Four Kids Who Want to Do More than Sit Around the Lunchroom
     The letter argues for a meeting to determine what all students think, not just what a some students or groups think.  There needs to be a popular front and students would probably agree on the need to defeat fascism.  If you'd come to a meeting, sign this letter and return it at the gate it was handed to you.
July 26, "Keep R.O.T.C. Off Campus," American  Student Union
     ROTC will lead to suppression of liberties and the militarization of the campus; students need to defend themselves against ROTC by rejecting it.  Rally; speaker: Congressman Marcantonio.
August 5, "Election Campaign Swing, G. Sloane," The Review, page 13
     This song, appearing in the Young Communist League Review, extols the candidacy of Earl Browder for President.  It is a typical campaign song; at the same time, it reflects the importance of singing among  Leftists, as in the multitude of Spanish Civil War songs and the ASU songbook.
August 6, List, Compiler not identified
     This note lists 5 items given to Mr. Shea for the Rapp-Coudert Committee, which are to be returned.
September 16, "Untitled," Young Communist League
     Hitler's attack on the Soviet Union threatens Americans.  The Soviet resistance provides an opportunity for all peoples to unite to destroy Hitler.  Americans must combat the Lindbergs, Coughlins, and Norman  Thomases at home and support President Roosevelt's policies.  Attend a Smash Hitler Rally.
September 24, The Quadrangle
     This four-page "Independent Publication," has articles on the Rosalyn Cohen case; the political domination of Vanguard, Observer, and Broeklundian; the suspension of the American Student Union; the Professor Hart case; and ASU policies.
September 29, "We were Right," Progressive Students League
     The PSL's distrust of the anti-war stance of the American Student Union last April. has been justified by its current defense of war.  The PSL is genuinely anti-war and supports other measures to extend democracy.
October 8, "Who Wants What Peace?" Student Defenders of Democracy
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: President H.D. Gideonse.
October 8, "Four Freedoms for Brookyn College!" Progressive Students League
     Pressure on students to change their opposition to war will increase. The PSL has a program to counter this, a program based on freedom in education, from discrimination, from insecurity, and from Militarism.
October 9, "Western Front Now," Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade
     Four-page pamphlet urges New Yorkers to support a Western front, to help our ally Russia.
October 14, Untitled, Committee for Defense of Public Education
     The "subversive" activities of two CCNY employees being tried are identified as union and anti-Fascist activities.  The college administration and athe Board of Higher Education should drop the charges.
October 15, Untitled, Committee for Defense of Public Education
     The Union charges that President Wright's bias contaminates the trial committee he appointed to try two CCNY employees.  Attached is a flyer advertising Winter Soldiers.  The difficulty of dating materials is indicated by the envelope for Grace Skerritt being date stamped October 15 and  another one to her stamped October 23.
October 17, "Town Hall Tonight: Issues in the City Elections!" Trade Union Forum
     Nelson Rosenbaum (LaGuardia Campaign Committee), James A. Higgins (O'Dwyer Campaign Committee), Peter V. Cacchione (Communist candidate), and Daniel Allen (American Labor Party candidate) appeal for votes.
October 17, "The Reason for the Deportation of Harry Bridges Is as Simple as This!!" Trade Union Forum
     Harry Bridges is being deported because of his integrity and success; his deportation would be a victory for Hitler's supporters.  Join the Forum; attend a meeting on Bridges, speaker: James Merill.
October 18, "Attention All Trade Unionists!!" Trade Union Forum
     A meeting announcement of the evening Trade Union Forum to discuss the Forum and elect officers.
October 28, "What Are We to Defend," Progressive Students League
     The PSL opposes Brooklyn Defense Day and the "Anti Air-Riad Drill" as encouraging fascism.  Support No A.E.F. Day.  Typed in red across the top of the flye: is "This is the leaflet that the Police stopped us from distributing on Defense Day."
October 29, "A Forum on the Municipal Election," Eugene V. Debs Society
     Meeting with speakers from major parties. Speakers: Councilman Harry W. Laidler, Louis Waldman, Frank Monaco, and Samuel Friedman.
October 29, "The War Communiqués and the Poets," Murray Young
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Murray Young.
October 29, "Negro History and National Defense,"  Harriet Tubman Society
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker, Dr. L.D. Reddick, "Only Negro Lecturer in Free College System."
October 29, "Caveat Emptor," Kingsman-Fusion
     K-F introduced endorsing candidates for Vanguard's board, to insure students would know their views; voting for independents is voting in the dark, and they may have a reason for not identifying affiliation.  This system results in an unrepresentative Vanguard which contributes to the College's "unfavorable reputation."
October 31, "Dependent? or Independent?" 15 individual students
      Responding to a (May 29) Kingsman-Fusion flyer, these students accuse the K-F Executive Committee of  imposing candidates on its own party and support the independent candidates for Vanguard's board.
October 31, "Election Day," Kingsmen-Fusion
     Having won the election because the Unity and Student parties were not on the ballot, KF repudiates their blanket endorsement of KF and KF candidates. Their adherence to Communist Party policy is manifest.  KF has decisively won the last eight elections, pursued consistent policies, and provided good government. The Barron's ad on the back of the flyer is crooked because it slipped being run off the mimeograph machine.
October 31, The Quadrangle, Joel J. Mehlman
    A self-identified "independent publication," this four-page newsletter opposes the politics of the Vanguard board and endorses others for a "representative" newspaper.  The College's radical reputation is due to the activities of a minority.  Rosalyn Cohen deserved to be expelled for past actions, but having completed the graduation requirements, she should be allowed to graduate.  The charter of American Student Union was justly revoked.
November 5, "National Defense Day," Student Self Government Association, Student Defenders of Democracy, and others
     Stand against totalitarianism and for peace by attending the rally and voluntering as air raid and fire wardens.  Note:  the title of the flyer is nearly illegible on the original.
November 6, "National Defense Rally," Student Council and Student Defenders of Democracy
     Support the National Defense Effort by volulnteering as air raid and fire wards, registering in Red Cross classes, etc.  Attend the rally on November 12.
November 7, "Defend Your Country. . Act Now for Peace," Debate Council; Editorial Staff of Observer; Executive Committees of Class of '42 and ASU; Executive Staff, Psychology Class; Student Party, etc.
     The danger of our involvement in war grows daily.  Attend the Armistice Day Rally on November 15 to support peace, stop attacks on individuals and minority groups on campus, and protect labor.
November 7, Letter, Herbert Miller to Faculty Member,
      Student Council president asks faculty who support National Defense to sign the attached statement (which is not in the file); the names of signatories will be used for publicity purposes.
November 10, "Student Council National Defense Program," Student Council and Student Defenders of Democracy
     The flyer sets forth a twelve-point platform for national defense and announces a rally; speakers: Dr. Frank Kingdon, Jan Masaryk, and President H.D. Gideonse.
November 10, "National Defense Rally," Student Council and Student Defenders of Democracy
     Students are urged to attend the rally and continue their support of the Roosevelt administration and to contributed to the defeat of Hitler.  SC has consistently fought Hitlerism.
November 11, "'Draft Age Cut to 18 Expected,'" Progressive Students League
     Hitler is being defeated, so there is no need to bring militarism to the United States.  Our job is strengthen democracy at home; keep the U.S. out of war.  Atttend the No A.E.F. Rally.  Speaker: Norman Thomas.
November 12, "Attend the Student Council Rally," Strudent Council and Student Defenders of Democracy
     Meeting announcement.  Speakers: Jan Masaryk, Frank Kingdon, Harry David Gideonse.
November 12, "National Defense Rally," Student Council and Student Defenders of Democracy
       Peace requires resisting totalitarianism anywhere and supporting the National Defense effort.  Attend the November 12 rally; speakers: Herbert Agar, Jan Masaryk, and Dr. Harry D. Gideonse.
November 12, "Don't 'Goose-Step' into War," Progressive Students League
     Announcement of "No A.E.F. Day" Rally.  Speakers: Michael Strange, Norman Thomas.
November 18, "Beat Hitler," Student Rights Party
     Winning a war resembles winning a football game; we must work as a team for victory.  Support the national defense rally on December 1.
November 19, "R.O.T.C. Club presents an Outside Speaker," R.O.T.C. Club
     Announcement of meeting, with no speaker or topic specified.
November 19, "Freedom from Discrimination," Progressive Students League
     By supporting the "No A.E.F. Day" Rally, students expressed atheir opposition to an A.E.F.  The National Defense Program's discrimination against negroes is undemocratic.  Hear Bill Sutherland speak on this issue.
November 21, "Labor and Production in the Present Crisis," Trade Union Forum
     A. Stonkus, organizer for the United Electric Allradio and Machine Workers of America, will speak.
November 21, "Let's Pull Together!" Student Rights Party
     The SRP is planning a National Defense Rally on December 1 and are supporting President Gideonse's College Defense Community.  Unity is essential for victory. 
November 25, "The Student Defenders of Democracy," Student Defenders of  Democracy
       To protect and strengthen democracy, the SDD opposes fascism abroad and "anti-democratic forces within our borders," whether communist or fascist.  Join us.
November 28, "We as Students," Student Defenders of Democracy
      Students, who are responsible for creating the future world, must defeat Naziism now by defending freedom.
November 28, "Registration for National Defense," Student Council and Student Defenders of Democracy
     Sign-up sheet for National Defense tasks, e.g., air raid warden, knitting classes, map reading.
November 28, Untitled, Club to Defend Free Higher Educaiton
     This flyer reproduces a letter from Teachers Union President Robert K. Speer to colleagues which defends Selsam against 7 new charges based on his being and having been a Communist and demands his reinstatement and that of all other suspended faculty.  The letter shows that efforts to reinstate Selsam and others can still be effective.  Note: the flyer is barely legible in many passages and not legible in a few places. Meeting; speaker: Professor Ewen.
November 29,  "NYA Club Bulletin," NYA Club
     NYA money spent for jobs in the war industry and for weapons is contrasted with cuts in NYA program for students and 450 students at Brooklyn College who don't have jobs.  Meeting to discuss this situation.
December, Fight Against War and Fascism, American League Against War and Fascism, Vol. 3, No. 2
     Anti-war, anti-fascist magazine, 16 pages.
December, "There's a Law Against It!!" Defend Higher Education Committee
     The Board of Higher Education is inforcing a fifty-year old rule that prohbits political discussion in the classroom, even before class starts.  Protest this infringement of student rights by attending a rally.
December 1, "Student Council Defense Rally," Student Council
     College students have the duty to participate in National Defense.  Attend the rally; program is listed. Classes are canceled.
December 2, "Fair Play," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     Student Council is praised for voting to ask President Gideonse to accept the ACLU as an impartial committee to investigate the Roslyn Cohen  case.  Students are asked to a rally to support this approach.
December 4, "The Bill of Rights," Committee to Defend America
      President Roosevelt's declaring the week of December 15 "Bill of Rights Week" provides a reason to hold a rally to defend the Bill of Rights, here and abroad.  Speaker: Congressman Emanuel Celler.
December 5, Letter to Dear Friend, from Rockwell Kent, Darwin J. Meserole, Rev. William B. Spofford, Eda Lou Walton, Richard Wright
      The letter protesting Earl Browder's sentence for a passport violation asks recipients to sign the enclosed two-page petititon which asks President Roosevelt to set him free on Christmas Day by executive action.
December 8, "Brooklyn College for Civilian Defense," Student Council and Civilian Defense Committee
     This committee of Student Council has issued a button and a pledge to defend democracy; the goal is to collect 5,000 buttons and pledges, to be sent to the Civililan Defense Office.
December 9,  "'It Has Come.  We Are Ready,'" Unity Party
     Two days after Pearl Harbor,  the UP identifies two student responsibilities: clubs must support the Defense Council and its chair and they must support the President defending the U.S.
December 9, "War Declared," Trade Union Forum
     After attacking Japan and its Axis allies, the Forum enjoins all Americans to participate in the war effort and to attend the Student Council rally.
December 10, "Our Country at War," Committee to Defend America
     Though Japan attacked us, the real center of the war and world conquest is Berlin.  We must unite to defend our country against "those who keep no promises."
December 11, "Will You Be Prepared?" Student Defenders of Democracy
     Your chances of survival in war are increased by having military training.  Register now for training and national defense work.
December 16, Untitled, Committee to Defend America with 10 cooperating clubs
     Support our government's war effort by attending the America at War Rally and Musicale.  Speakers include Congressman Emanuel Celler and a Member of Parliament; music by the College orchestra and band.
December 17, "The Negro in the Present Crisis," Harriet Tubman Society and the Psychology
    Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Prof. Otto Klineberg.
December 17, "Students! Enlist for Victory!"  Civil Defense Committee and Student Council
     Find out what you can do for America's defense at the National Defense Rally. 
December 17, "In the Spirit of '41," No organization identified
     This exhortation for students to become actively involved in defense cites the 150th anninversary of the Bill of Rights.  America at War Rally; speaker: emanuel Celler. Also Mr. Gipfel speaks on the war. 
December 18, "The Winter Soldiers," Club to Defend Free Higher Education
     President Roosevelt's statement that unity if necessary to defeat Fascism is used to defend the anti-Fascist teachers Dr.  Kaiser and Professors Selsam and Morais.  Meeting on academic freedom; speaker: Dr. Ewen.
December 19, "Academic Freedom and the War," Club to Defend Free Higher Educaiton
    Notice of meeting.  Speaker: Professor Ewen.


Undated, "Even If You Don't Vote," Young Communist League
      The YCL presents a convoluted argument why the reader should vote for Israel Amter for governor to support a Western front and strengthen the United Nations and ties with Russia.
Undated, "The Glory of Bataan," Young Communist League
     The YCL attacks fifth columnists (Coughlin, Hearst, Dies, Coughlin, etc.), acknowledges the heroic sacrifices of troops and natives in the Pacific, and uses these arguments to urge a Second Front in Europe.
Undated, "Questions and Answers on the Browder Case," Elizabeh Gurley Flynn
     Using a question and answer format, a slender four-page brochure argues the unfairness of Browder's four-year prison term for a minor passport violation.
Undated, "Support the USSR in Its Fight Against Nazi," Communist Party, U.S.A.
     This reprint from the Daily Worker paints the Soviet Union as the champion and defender of all democracies and wants Americans to support the Soviet Union in its fight and ignore defeatists.
Undated, "Strengthen America's War Effort! Defeat Anti-Labor Smith Bills!" Young Communist League
     For victory, Americans must be united; the proposed Smith bills threaten labor and thereby threaten the war effort.  The bills, which are backed by Southern appeasers, must be defeated.  The AFL, the CIO, and the American worker are all committed to winning the war.
Undated, "No Ivory Tower," Marcella Garber, "Independent Candidate"
     A member of the Thomas Jefferson Club-YCL, Garber presents the Club's 9-plank platform, which ranges from requiring 140 credits for a B.S. to opening a second front.  She is running for Student Council.
Undated, Untitled, 34 Students Signed
     The signers oppose the legislature's allocating more money to the Rapp-Coudert Committee.
February, "Communists of Ohio to Meet February 28," National Republic Lettergram #25
     The two-page lettergram suggests that the 100 communist revolutionaries meeting in Cleveland will plan strategies to extend their power in politics and the labor movement.  Page 2 describes the leadership of the League  for Southern Labor as having "communist connections."
February 18, "Why a Jewish Army," Avukah
     Avukah offers reasons why the Jewish homeland Palestine needs an army.
February 18, Untitled flyer, Young Communist League
     The YCL uses patriotic references (George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, and Frederick Douglass) to argue for freeing Earl Browder and ending racism and ties them to winning the war.
February 25, "Why Is the Axis Winning?" Avukah
     Three reasons for Axis victories are presented, followed by an inference and two suggestions for winning.
February 27, "Our Forbears of Freedom: America's traditions and Our Fight Against Fascism," Young Communist League
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Arthur Williams.  Entertainmenat, records.
March 2, "All Out for Victory! Learn from Singapore!" Young Communist League
     The YCL asserts that patriotism requires supporting the Soviet Union and freeing Earl Browder; it attacks traitors like the Dies Committee and the Daily News for defeatism.
March 2, "For the Defense of Civil Rights," Civil Rights Defense Club
     Our civil rights are being violated in this country.  Hear a talk and discuss the Minneapolis Sedition Trial.  Attached to the same flyer are reproductions of two different New Republic articles, "The Minneapolis 'Sedition' Trial," dated October 20, 1941, and "The Issues at Minneapolis," dated December 13, 1941.
March 2, "750 Went Down," Avukah
     Denied entry into Turkey and by the British into Palestine, the Sturma was sunk by a mine.  Avukah supports Palestine's right to arm for defense and the right of "free immigration" to Palestine.
March 4, "How Long Will Jews Be Pushed Around??" Avukah
     Avukah indignantly denounces the British policy of appeasement which led to the sinking of the SS Struma, with 750 Jews aboard.  The first 2/3 of this flyer is virutally illegible in the original.
March 9, "End the Turtle Policy," Provisional Students' Committee to Free Earl Browder
     Students are urged to protest the harsh, politically motivated sentence of Earl Browder, which is compared to lesser sentences for his offense and to the release of political prisoners elsewhere to help win the war.
March 11, "This Is the Moment to Attack!" Young Communist League
     Praising President Roosevelt and General Marshall, the YCL supports rejecting the "turtle policy," cleaning out the fifth column, and rallying the schools for victory.
March 16, "The Albany Front," Group of Campus Officers
     The Rapp-Coudert Committee is ignoring evidence of  Fascist activity and seeks to embarrass Thomas E. Dewey, attorney for 15 suspended teachers.  The Committee is impeding the war effort by disrupting education and diverting money from it.  Telegram the Legislature not to renew the Rapp-Coudert Committee.
March 16, "Defend Civil Rights!" Civil Rights Defense Club
     The  convictions of 18 tradition unionists and Trotskyites for their speech, not acts, is the topic of a meeting.  Speaker: Albert Goldman of the Minneapolis "Sedition" trial.
March 18, "No Blackout for Civil Liberties," Organization not identified
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Albert Goldman.  Topic: "The Truth about the Famous Minneapolis 'Sedition' Trial."  The flyer is signed by Arlene Mandell, Pres., Catherine Gratta, Sec'y.
March 19, "Required Reading for Victory '42," Weekly Review
     Put out by the Young Communist League, the articles combine patriotism and ideology, ranging from "Heroism of a Negro Messman at Peal Harbor" to "The Free Browder Campaign."
March 23, "Fight K.K.K. Free Browder," Student's Committee to Free Earl Browder
     Racism impedes the war effort, and the "greatest red-baiting victory" of racist politicians is the conviction of Earl Browder, whose fight for civil rights is acknowledged by Adam Clayton Powell, Paul Robeson, etc.
March 24, Victory Bulletin, Student Council
     The newsletter describes the victory classes being offered and a campaign to enroll students in them.
March 26, "Race, the War and You," Sociology Anthropology Society and Harriet Tubman Society
     Ruth Benedict, Pearl Buck and Eleanor D. Roosevelt are quoted on race and democracy.  What do you think and what can you do about it?  Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Ruth Benedict.Discussing a future event, the flyer invites students to join to build a progressive student movement.  Norman Thomas is speaking.
March 26, "Jim Crow Makes Hitler Grow!!" Harriet Tubman Society
     Faculty and students interested in winning the war must support hiring Negro faculty and introducing a Negro history course.  The Urban League, N.A.A.C.P. and other groups support this effort.
March 26, "5 Ways to Help MacArthur," Young Communist League
     MacArthur's orders to attack is approvingly tied to the need for a Second Front.  Freeing Earl Browder and reading the Weekly Review will help MacArthur win the war.
March 27,"Hear Eli Jaffe on Earl Browder: Hostage of Appeasement," Young Communist League
      Meeting announcement.  Songs and skits.
March 30, Untitled statement signed by 21 students, with their affiliations listed
     Americans concerned with the Bill of Rights which forbids "cruel and unusual punishment" have been writing President Roosevelt to free Earl Browder.  Brooklyn College students are urged to follow suit.
April 14, "'Stop the Oil,' Rockefeller," Student League of Industrial Democracy
     SLID attacks companies like Standard Oil which are making profits and supports labor, which is supports the war effort.  Hear Joseph H. Schlossberg and F.O. Nichols speak on "Who Is Sabotaging the War Effort?"
April 14, "What Are We Fighting for?" Student League of America
     The SLA announces a series of student-faculty forums and identifies its three goals.  First panel: "Victory Through Equality of Sacrifice."
April 27, "Socialism: What It Is and Isn't," Socialist Party
     The four-page pamphlet defines socialism by contrasting first with Naziism and Communism and then with capitalism and equates socialism with total political and economic democracy.
April 27, "Free Earl Browder," Citizens' Committee to Free Earl Browder
      Claiming to represent over 3,200,000 Americans, the National Free Browder Congress passed resolutions supporting the war effort and tying the war effort to freeing Earl Browder.
April 28, "No More Casualties," Young Communist League
     Racial discrimination is equivalent to killing 12 million Americans. The Axis powers are committed to racial discrimination.  Negroes must ask for a Western Front; it is "their only hope."
April 29, "Time Is Short," Eugene V. Debs Society
     Our choice is between repressive fascism and democratic socialism.  Norman Thomas speaks on "Socialism, Students, and the War."
April 29, "Pink Tie--Black Shirt," Young Communist League
      Tying Norman Thomas to the fifth columnists Goebbels and Coughlin [sic], the YCL attacks him and the Socialist Party for opposing the war.
April 29, "Canada Lee Talks!!" Inter-Club Committee for the Incorporation of a Negro History Course
     Victory is tied to equality for Negroes and a Negro history course at Brooklyn College.  Speaking on this need are Canada Lee, Dr. L.D. Redick, and Professor Arensburg.  The Inter-Club Committee is made up of  delegates from 15 clubs, ranging from the Student Christian Association to Bio-Medicine and Hillel.
April 30, Announcement, Student League of America, International Student Service, and  National Student Federation of America
     Students are invited to register for "A United Nations Conference," which is part of United Nations Week.
April 30, Letter to Sir, from Citizens' Committee to Free Earl Browder
     This four-page appeal to write President Roosevelt to free Browder contains two pages of excerpted newspaper articles and a page listing  "Prominent Americans" who support this cause.  The letter, in an envelop addressed to President Harry Gideonse, contains a postcard and return envelope.
May ?, "Priorities for Brooklyn,"  Sam Nash and Dave Gleicher
      Nash and Gleicher view their election as support for their program and lsit 6 priorities, ranging from unity to win the war effort and opposing racism to weeding out appeasers and defeatists who impede the war effort.
May 4, "Stop the Earl, Browder," Student League for Industrial Democracy and Eugene V. Debs Society
     The flyer rebuts Earl Browder's attacks on Norman Thomas, defends Norman Thomas, and ends by attacking Earl Browder's stand on war and preparation for war.
May 11, "Information Please!" Young Communist League
     Another YCL flyer promoting a Second Front.
May 13, "Attack Now! Knock Out Hitler in 1942," Dave Grant
      The Young Communist League devotes 14 pages to urge the opening of a Second Front.
May 13, "Defense Will Not Win the War!" Student League of America
     America must take the offensive in the war abroad, win at home by fighting for more democracy, and win a lasting peace.
May 18, "KF Has Made Good," Kingsman Fusion
     Unlike the four minority parties which have not fielded candidates in the last four elections, KF is running a full slate of candidates and stands on the six major planks of its platform.
May 20, "What Are You Doing This Summer?" Student League of America
     At this crucial time, we must work to defeat fascism at home and abroad and extend democracy, by electing a liberal aggressive Congress, abolishing racism, and supporting our government.  Meeting today.
May 20, "Democracy's Order as Opposed to Hitler's New Order," Menorah Society
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Ludwig Lore.
May 20, "Everything They Call Independent," Kingsman-Fusion
     The socalled independent candidates are anything but.  Current Council member Sammy Nash was elected on the Student Party and has flipped on issues; former KF officer Miriam Bernstein became independent after being defeated for office in the KF Caucus. 
April 20, "Talking about the Record," Sam Nash and Dave Gleicher
     Ub this Independent Election Bulletin, the two candidates claim credit for the success of the War Relief Carnival, defense classes, and rallies. Students should vote for ability to further the war effort.
May 21, "'Independents' really Members of Student Asunity Party--Student ASUNity Afraid to Come out in Open!!" Maroon & Gold
     The Kingsman-Fusion newsletter attacks the Independent candidates as members of minority parties and a disgruntled former KF member who are hiding their former affiliations.  KF runs on its record.
May 21, "You're not Blind!!! Don't Vote with Your Eyes Shut!!" Ten students
     Kingsman-Fusion does not want Student Council to take stands on non-College issues; the signers support the independents because they do believe in taking such stands, like the war effort;.
May 21, "Our Victory Program," Sam Nash and Dave Gleicher
     Testimonials attest to their contributions to the war efforts on campus.  Their slogan:  The complete utilization of Brooklyn College students and facilities for VICTORY in 1942.
May 22, "Well, Boys, Now What?" Kingsmen-Fusion
     KF continues its attack on the "independent" candidates, now called a clique, as malcontent KF deserters and for appropriating the KF program as its own.
May 22, "Final Exams. . . and the Answers," Young Communist League
     Using a Q&A format, the YCL argues for a Second Front now. Announcement of future meeting, with Angelo Herndon speaking.
June 5, "Unity Is Still Fighting for You!" Unity Party
     Over 1700 students voted for UP because of its active opposition to the Rapp-Coudert Committee, to convoys or A.E.F.  To unite students nationally, we support the American Youth Congress convention.
July 2, Victory Must Be Won, Earl Browder
     In a fifteen-page speech, Browder argues that the U.S. must open a second front to defend Russia to win the war quickly.  Americans must be united; he notes how disruptive fifth columnists, like Martin Dies, are and how divisive anti-Communist laws and racism are.
July 9, "Too Little--Too Late, Never Again!" Young Communist League
     The fight of the Soviet Union is the fight of all.  Defeat the re-election of  those impeding victory, men  like Martin Dies, Hamilton Fish, and Senator Coudert.
July 11, "O.K. Now to Beat Hitler," Young Communist League  
     In supporting a Second Front, the YCL wants to extend the draft to 18 year olds and urges men that age to write to Congress in support of being drafted.
August, Postcard, Unsigned
      Text on unsigned postcards supports opening a second and authorizes adding the signatory's name to the statement (see letter of August 15).  Return address:  Prof. Frederic Ewen at home.
August, Letter to Mr. and Mrs. America, from the Men Who Sail Your Ships
     The Merchant Marine Union supports a second front to defend Russia in a two-page letter.
August 15, Letter to Colleague, from Joseph Bressler, Frederic Ewen, and Sarah Ridman
     Approving of the "people's war," the writers ask colleagues to support opening a second front to defend Russia; by signing and returning the statement on this flyer.
September 22, "Victory: Our Maximum to the War Effort," Young Communist League
     Presenting the YCL as a loyal, patriotic organization, the four-page flyer argues that victory requires a second front to support the Soviet Union, asks students to join its educational, cultural, and political action committees, and pledges its members to further the war effort.
September 24, "Emergency: Demonstrate for an Immediate 2nd Front," Communist Party and Young Communist League
     Page 1 announces the rally.  Speaker: Earl Browder.  Page 2 ("What Are We Waiting for?") passionately urges the necessity of a second front now, while the Soviet Union is gallantly resisting Nazi armies.
September 25, "'Undisciplined Schoolboys--Ignorant Hooligans," Young People's Socialist League
    YPSL defends India's fight for independence from England, which it connects to socialism.
September 28, "We Are with You Mr. President," Young Communist League
     Opening with a report of the September 24 rally, the flyer urges Americans to support the President's policy of opening a second front and attacks opponents of that policy like Hearst and Taft.
September 28, We're in on This, Too,"Avukah
     Pages 1 and 2 argue that Jewish students are involved in the war and involved in the problems of the Jews, that  Jews are establishing freedom in Palestine, and that Jewish students must support Palestine.  Page 3 lists Avukah activities, publications, and chapters.  Page 4 is an ad for Barnes & Noble.
September 30, "A Message to America," Young Communist League
     Wendell Wilkie and the Herald Tribune are quoted in support of a second front.
September 30, "Avukah Asks the Jewish Student "Do You Need War Aims?'"  Avukah
      Yes, war aims are necessary to defeat fascism, but just winning the war will not solve many problems, like anti-Semitism at home, independence for India and discrimination against Negroes.  Avukah believes fighting fascism at home helps the war effort, and "Zionism is the Jewish front in the struggle against fascism."
October 1, Note, Unsigned
     The note lists students (Marcella Garber, Richard Hershcoff, and Marvin Schacter) involved in establishing a YCL on campus.
October 1,"Save America! Rally for a 2nd Front Now," Young Communist League
     Speakers: Earl Browder, Israel Amter, Mac Weiss, Claudia Jones, and Michael Saunders.  Service Flag Dedication: Peter Cacchione.  Music, songs, drama, action.  Admission: 33¢.
October 8, "Brooklyn College Student Injured!" Young Communist League
     YCL member Irv Kunin is the first BC student injured fighting.  Students must mobilize Brooklyn College and their entire lives to defeat the Axis.  Male students must enlist in the reserves.  Meeting announcement.  Carl Ross speaks on the role of BC students in the war.
October 14, "What's the Big Idea?" Young People's Socialist League
     Young people are being sacrificed to big business interests.  Vote  socialist for a solution.
October 14, "18-19 Yr. Olds + Second Front  --> Victory!
     The draft should be extended to 18 years old in order to start a second front and win the war.  The flyer slipped in the mimeograph machine; the original is as crooked as this copy.
October 14, "So You Want to Walk out on War," Young Peoples Socialist League
     The Stalinist ASU and "peace continuations committee" have followed a peace-war policy dictated by Stalin.  Only socialism is the answer for peace and employment.  YPSL lists 4 planks of its platform .
October 19, "As I Have Learned," Long list of students
     The undersigned support the need for a second front, as Wendell Wilkie urges.  Meeting announced.  Speakers: Patriacia Pierdon, Serge Chermayoff, Hal Blumberg, George Schwartz, Vladamir Kazakevich, and Clifford McAvoy.
October 20, "'Get Moving,'" Student Legue for Industrial Democracy
      The Japanese have been unfairly placed in camps, their only offense being of Japanese ancestry.  Hear Professor Arensberg speak on "Treatment of Japanese Americans."
October 21, "Military Men Want Action Now!"  Young Communist League
     Quotes from top officers support the need for a second front to win the war.  Meeting, speakers.
October 22, "Ballots Are Bullets," Young Communist League
     The Pepper-Geyer Anti-Poll tax bill is needed to win the war.  Write Senators to support it.  (A second flyer is dated October 28.)
October 28, "Meet the Communist Candidates," Communist Party
     The four-page pamphlet gives the biographies of three candidates for State office and the win-the-war platform.
October 28, "'The Meaning of a Long War'.... A Talk by Dr. Arthur Rosenberg," Avukah
     After raising some issues to be considered, Avukah identifies its mission and asks students to join.
October 29, "There Is no Turnabout!" Unity Party
     Voting for the UP is supporting President Roosevelt's and Mayor LaGuardia's appeals for unity in defense of the U.S., in response to Nazi attacks on American ships.
October 30, Free ticket, Socialist Party
     A rally for the Socialist ticket for New York governor, etc.  Norman Thomas speaks for Private Cheney.
October 30, "The Whiplash of Public Opinion," Young Communist League
     Civilian and military experts agree 18-19 year olds should be drafted.  They are needed for a second front.
Meeting, speaker: Marcella Sloane.
October 30, "A Policy for Defense," Unity Policy
    Meeting announcement.  Speakers from British War Relief Society, Transport Workers Union, and Protestant Digest.  Topic: How Can We Defend America?
October 31, "For a Free Press, Capable Journalism," Unity Party
     Campaign flyer for a Student Council election.
November 2, "Second Front Meeting," Second Front Committee per/David Gleicker
     Notice of meeting.  Speakers: Patricia Pierdon, Vladamir Kazakevich, Sergay Chermayoff, Hal Blumberg, George Schwartz, and Clifford McAvoy.
November 9, "Elections--1862-1942," Young Communist League
      President Roosevelt faces the same situation as Lincoln in 1862:  Lincoln's "go slow" policy was rejected by voters. As Lincoln changed, so Roosevelt must pursue an active war policy and initiate a land attack on Germany.
November 11, "Offensive," Young Communist League
     The African attack on German troops is a good step toward winning the war; victory requires opening a second front.  
November 11, "Look Ahead!" Student League for Industrial Democracy
      To insure a "rational peace," we must prepare now.  Hear Professor Wolfson speak on "Problems of the Post-War World."
November 11, "Can Zionism Succeed?" Avukah
     Zionism, whose goal is to prove Jews a legal homeland in Palestine, solve the problem of displaced and persecuted Jews of Europe and elsewhere.
November 13, "For an Early Victory," Young Communist League
     Unity is necessary for victory; an understanding of Russia and its achievements will contribute to unity.  Meeting on Soviet-American Relations.  Speaker: Marjorie Campbell.
December 2, "Negro Morale," Harriet Tubman Society
     How are 14,000,000 Negroes, over 1/10 of Americans, to react to six problems (listed) which prevent full mobilization?  Speaker: Angelo Herndon.
December 2, "Underground Europe Speaks out!" Eugene V. Debs Society
     A lasting peace can come about only if the European underground succeeds.  Two quotes follow.  Carl Bauer discusses "The Underground Struggle in Europe."
December 2, "2,000.000," Avukah
     After listing death figures for Jews in Europe, Avukah announces a national day of mourning for Jews on December 2.  All minorities must be freed by peace; Zionism is the solution for Jews.
December 4, "Remember Pearl Harbor," Young Communist League
     After reviewing the year since Pearl Harbor, the YCL is devoting the month to Army Welfare; it is collecting money for Christmas presents for soldiers, is adopting a Negro regiment, and holding an Army Welfare Meeting.  Admission: pack of cigarettes, candy, cookies for soldiers.  Also square dancing.
December 4, "To Those Dissatisfied with K.F.," Campus Party
     The Campus Party has formed to return power to the students from the control of Kingsman-Fusion.
December 14, "Browder Says: Mobilize the Manpower of the United Nations for Victory!!" Young Communist League
      The United Nations must consider the issues of African and Indian freedom now, not after the war.  Meeting announcement: discussion of Browder's book Victory--and After."
December 16, "Mixed United," Harriet Tubman Society
     Paul Robeson said that Negroes are more determined than whites to win the war because they are discriminated against.  They would be even worse off under the rule of racist Axis powers.  Discriminatory practices must cease for Negroes to be "fully loyal."  Whites are beginning to ask for action.  At a meeting on December of the Tubman Society, Negro and white students voted to circulate petitions for voluntarily mixed army units.  Note: the flyer was printed slanted.
December 16, "Campus Party Election Bulletin #2," Campus Party
     The newly formed party lists 4 practices it opposes, all of which Kingsman-Fusion embodies.
December 18, "Jim Crow Makes Hitler Grow," Young Communist League
     The army should be integrated; racial separation in the military is supported by defeatists.  Meeting on mixed regiments; speaker: "Stretch" Johnson.  Note: text is hard to read.
December 21, "How About Some More Reforms, Folks?" Kingsman Fusion
    For KF, the focus of student government should be the direct concerns of students; it opposes "all forms of totalitarianism, especially those of  Nazism, Fascism, and Communism."  Its seven-point plaform includes a war activities program, election reform, and publication reform.  Note: the flyer is barely legible.
December 23, "The Débacle of Kingsman-Confusion Exposé #1," Campus Party
     KF is run by a small clique, not the caucus membership; Campus Party is run democratically.  Note:  the print on this flyer is faint.


January 3, "We Wrote an Elections Bill! While Others Talked--and Wrote Leaflets," Kingsmen-Fusion Party
     Recycling material from its December 21, 1942 flyer, KF calls opponent candidates troubloemakers and announces a meeting to choose a candidate for a vacancy.
January 3, "The Ballad of Brooklyn College," Campus Party
     In verse, the CP attacks Kingsman-Fusion's control of Student Council and states what CP stands for.
January 8, "Keep this! Take It to the Polls!" Campus Party
     List of candidates for Student Council.
January 8, "Why Must Caucus Party Sling Mud?" Kingsmen'Fusion Party
     Accusing the Caucus Party of being self-serving, KF points to its own record in resisting and defeating the ASU-Communist minority, which  then withdrew from elections. 
January 8, "Victory for K-F Seen," A.M.
     Kingsmen-Fusion newsletter attacks the Caucus Party and argues for electing KF candidates.
March 1, "It Is the Poll-Tax," Young Communist League
     The poll-tax aids Hitler; support unity and the Marcantonio Anti-Poll Tax bill.
March 10, Petition, Harriet Tubman Society
     A petition in the form of a resolution supports creating mixed brigades, i.e., white and Negro.
March 10, "Europe in Revolt!" Eugene V. Debs Society
     Thousands of European Socialists want to revolt against fascism.  Louis Claire will discuss the leftist movement and post-war Europe.
March 19, "Red Herring--Vichy Water," Young Communist League
     The Rapp-Coudert Committee should not be funded because its red baiting hurts the war effort.  Meeting on the Soviet Union; speaker: Arthur Shields.
March 22, "Norman Thomas Goes to Washington," Eugene V. Debs Society
     Norman Thomas is speaking against the anti-labor Austin-Wadsworth Bill in Washington.  Replacing him as speaker at our next meeting is Broadus Mitchell, on "Roads to a Lasting Peace."
March 24, "Roads to a Lasting Peace," Eugene V. Debs Society
     Meeting announcement.  Speaker: Boradus Mitchell.
April 1, "Do You Know the Difference??" Campus Party
     Starting with a contrast between Kingsman-Fusion and Campus Party, the flyer then discusses its accomplishments in Student Council and spells out its platform.
April 6, "Promises vs Promises," Kingsmen-Fusion
     KF compares its explicit platform, to which it is committed, to the Caucus Party's "promises," which candidates are not committed to.  The text is wavy in the original in places.
April 7, "Protest Murder of Erlich and Alter," Eugene V. Debs Society
     Hear the facts about Stalin's murder of two Polish Jewish Socialist leaders.  Speakers: Phil Heller and H. Gabiner.
April 7, "Every Student in his Place, A-Place-for-Every-Student," Marcella Garber
     Running as an Independent for Student Council, Garber supports a National Manpower Commission to allocate people where their skills are needed for the war effort; meanwhile, she has a platform for putting Brooklyn College on "a war basis."
April 8, "Let's Judge," Kingsmen-Fusion
     KF proudly points to its fight against communists and identifiess a Campus Party candidate as a Young Communist League organizer at CCNY (though Communists do not dominate the CP).
April 8, "The Best laid Plans," Kingsmen Fusion
     Another attack on opposition candidates.
April 22, "Strike for Socialism," Eugene V. Debs Society
     As capitalism is dying, we affirm democratic, humanitarian alternatives. After listing promises for the future, the Society voss to build a progressive, dynamic student movement and asks students to join this enterprise.
May 13, "The General Has Arrived," Debs Society and five non-Brooklyn College groups
     General Enrique Penaranda, President of Bolivia, murderer, and tyrant, is being honored by the United States.  Students must protest.  Tear off sheet is returned to the Youth Committee for Democracy.
May 14, "'The Way of All Parties,'" Kingsmen-Fusion Party
     Like the Student, Freshman, and Unity Parties, the Campus Party has been captured by the Communists, this time the Young Communist League.  KF avoided this fate by  constant resistance.
April 15, "Campus Party Executive Committee Speaks," Campus Party
     The EC is dealing with a schism in its party over whether one of its candidates is a Communist.
May 17, "Who Split Campus Party?" Young Communist League
     The YCL defends itself against charges of infiltrating the Campus Party and presents its members as patriots dedicated to the war effort.
May 17, "Semi-Annual Report," Kingsmen-Fusion Party
     KF lists its platform pledges in one column and its achievement of that pledge in another column.
May 21, "Red Baiting--Hitlers Weapon--Disrupter of the War Effort," Young Communist League
     The YCL argues that attacking Communists and the Soviet Union injures the war effort and slows victory.  It attacks the President and the Campus Party as anti-Communist and showcases its own record.
May 25, "A New Program," Kingsmen-Fusion
     KF promulgates a new platform, with 9 planks, for the coming year and its candidates for Student Council.
May 27, "Action--Not Words," Independent candidates
     The candidates set forth their platform, with its 12 planks, and mentions their endorsement by the Temporary Exectuve Committee of the Democratic-Action Party.
May 28,  Flyer-letter addressed to "Dear Student," Georgiana Pearl Graham
      Identifying herself as a Negro student leader, Graham is running entirely on a war effort platform.
May 28, "My Program," Pearl Graham
     Graham enlarges her platform to include Negro rights and school issues, as well as war needs.
May 28, "Win with the Goodjin!" Isabelle Wiener
     Citing victories in Africa and other vents in the war, Wiener attacks Student Council for avoiding "politics."  Action on national political issues is necessary as they are related to the war and College.

Union Materials

Undated, "Are You Interested in a Career? Increments? Promotions? N.Y. College Teachers Union,  Local 537
     The Union protests the Board of Higher Education's denial of increments to civil servants.
Undated, "Program of the New York College Teachers Union Concerning the Selective Service Act," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     The "Program" protects the rights of teachers who volunteer for service; the rights covered are tenure and promotion, salary, pension, and replacements.
Undated, "Retrenchment--Fight It By Unity," Brooklyn College Chapter, Local 537
     After an introductory paragraph arguing that the Board of Higher Education started implementing a retrenchment policy at its October 17 meeting, the Union spends the next page and a half defending itself against Professor Jesse Clarkson's opposition to the Union's methods and asking for unity.
October 15, 1936, Letter to John F. Flynn, Edwin Burgum and Arnold Shukotoff
      The union asks that the non-instructional staff be granted tenure and that salary and promotion recommendations be honored by the Board of Higher Education.
December 21, 1936, Teacher News
     The newsletter summarizes a variety of happenings, ranging from pension rights and hearings for Mr. Begun and Mrs. Burroughts to tenure for college teachers.
April 1937, "Union Bulletin," Brooklyn College Chapter of the College Section of the Teachers Union
     The Union reproduces a letter of support for the reappointment of Mr. Henry Klein from the Varsity Club.
April 15, 1937, "College Bulletin," Brooklyn College Chapter of the College Section of the Teachers Union.
        At a meeting with a Union delegation, President Boylan indicated he was not ready to render a decision in Mr. Henry Klein's case. There is no reason for delay; therefore, the Union is taking his case to the Board of Higher Education.
April 16, 1937, "Union Bulletin," Brooklyn College Chapter of the College Section of the Teachers Union
     The Union presents its side in a dispute with Professor Jesse Clarkson in the Klein case and lists recent support for Klein.
April 19, 1937, "Union Bulletin," Brooklyn College Chapter of the College Section of the Teachers Union
     More support from organizations and classes is listed, and the Union presents its view of Mr. Klein's firing for union activity and portrays its opponents on this issue as repressive .The masthead is cut off in the original.
April 22, 1937, "Union Bulletin," Brooklyn College Chapter of the College Section of the Teachers Union
     More support for Klein: Harry F. Ward, a former student, and the Evening Staff Association.
April 23, 1937, "Union Bulletin," Brooklyn College Chapter of the College Section of the Teachers Union
     Students demonstrated for Klein after yesterday's Anti-War Strike; speakers at the strike tied the Klein case to the struggle for democracy.  Support for Klein continues to grow.
April 23, 1937, "Union Bulletin," Brooklyn College Chapter of the College Section of the Teachers Union
     In this, the second special edition issued on April 23, the Union supports its claim that Henry Klein was fired because of his Union activity.  Professor Clarkson allegedly objected to Klein's interpretation of the salt tax in France; Klein explains his view that it was a class issue, not just a territorial issue.
April 27, 1937, "Union Bulletin," Brooklyn College Chapter of the College Section of the Teachers Union
     The Union reports on its meeting about the Klein case with the chairman of the Brooklyn College Administrative Committee.  Letters from a student and another union are quoted entirely.  Professor Clarkson refuses to comply with a Union request for a transcript of a meeting with him on the Klein case.
May 28, 1937, "Union Bulletin," Brooklyn College Chapter of the College Section of the Teachers Union
     The Union wins the reappointment of Mr. Henry Klein and also the right to be represented by the Union at a Board of Higher Education hearing.  The decision not to raise Klein's salary expresses the desire of some BHE members not to allow the Union a complete victory.
October 5, 1937, Letter to President William Boylan, Charles J. Hendley, President
     The College Section of the Teachers Union (Local 5) is pleased that the faculty of Hunter College voted to ask the Board of Higher Education to admit all assistant professors and half the instructors to the Faculty.  The Union asks the BHE to admit assistant professors and long-term instructors at all the city colleges to the faculty.
November 9, 1937,  "College Section Bulletin,"  Teachers Union Local 5
     In response to the Board of Higher Education's attack on the constitutionality of the Feld-McGrath Tenure Law, the Teachers Union Local 5 offers to settle the case of Miss Miriam Becker (Hunter College).  Persisting in attacking the Law would align the BHE with reactionaries.
November 16, 1937, "College Section Bulletin,"  Teachers Union Local 5
     The bulletin announces a meeting on "Where Does the Board Stand on Tenure?" and reviews the week's events related to tenure and Dr. Miriam Becker and briefly offers the Board's alternatives re tenure.
November 22, 1937, "College Section Bulletin," Teachers union Local 5
     The Bulletin summarizes the Board of Higher Education's arguments in its court case attacking tenure, presents the Union's rebuttal arguments, and lists actions the union is taking.
December 1, 1937, "Supreme Court Declares Feld-McGrath Tenure Law Constitutional," Joint Tenure Defense Committee of the City Colleges
     Supreme Court Justice Wasservogel declared the tenure law constitutional and reappointed Dr. Miriam Becker with full back pay.  The committee asks for contributions to defend against the Board's appeal to the decision.
December 8, 1937, "The Board's Questionnaire," College Section of Teachers Union, Local 5
     The union objects to a questionnaire the Board of Higher Education sent teachers.
January 14, 1938, "College Newsletter"  New York College  Teachers Union, Local 537
     This four-page newsletter reports news of all New York City college chapters.  Articles include statement of "basic evils" at the City colleges, the appeal of Dr. Miriam Becker and the Feld-McGrath tenure law, the ASU convention, organization of evening session faculty and of non-teaching staffs, and Negro instructor's addressing Union meetings.
January 21, 1938, "Board Committee Favors Elimination of $2400 Clause," New York College Teachers Union
     This special bulletin for non-teaching staff announces a Union victory in convincing the Board of Higher Education not to adopt a pay cut.  The bulletin is signed by Charlotte Robinson.
February 8, 1938, Letter, to President William A. Boylan, Arnold Shukotoff
     The Union asks, in a two-page letter, for President Boylan's support for a five-day week for non-teaching staffs in the four municipal colleges.
February 10, 1938, "College Newsletter," New York College  Teachers Union, Local 537
     This four-page newsletter about all New York City college chapters includes articles on Union suggestions for democratizing faculty procedures, request  to Board of Higher Education to pick a democratic president, legalization of the ASU (McGoldrick Plan), Union's representation at American League against War and Fascism convention, Union support of Wagner-Van Nuys anti-lynching bill, and Board report on tenure.
April 7, 1938,"College Newsletter,"  New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
      This four-page newsletter about all New York City college chapters includes articles on the War Forum (David McKelvy White speaking), by-law hearings, governor's veto of McNaboe-Devaney anti-Communist bill, and Frank Walsh's appointment to Board of Higher Education.
May 2, 1938, Form Letter, to Mr. Fee, Arnold Shukotoff
      The union asks for support in obtaining tenure for non-instructional staff.
May 10, 1938, "The Klein Case Again," Local 537, New York College Teachers Union
     This two-page special grievance bulletin argues that Professor Clarkson's recommendation to fire Mr. Henry I. Klein is prejudiced and unjust.
May 12, 1938, "Analysis of Professor Mead's Letter on Mr. Klein," Local 537, New York College Teachers Union
     This special grievance bulletin argues that the observation of Mr. Klein's teaching by Professor Mead is not "impartial supervision."  Therefore, Mr. Klein should be reappointed.
May 14, 1938, Letter, to non-instructional staff, Charlotte Robinson
     Letter and attachment outline tenure campaign and reasons why non-instructional staff should be eligible for tenure.
May 18, 1938, "Rally to Secure Action on Tenure and Democracy," Local 537, NewYork College Teachers Union
     Faculty supporting tenure and democracy in the colleges must let the Board know, to counteract the anti-Red attacks in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Professors Martin and Coonfield provided information.
June 22, 1938, "College Newsletter," Local 537, New York College Teachers Union
      Four-page newsletter for all New York college chapters includes articles on winning tenure and democratization at the city colleges, successful union grievances on behalf of Professors Harry Slochower and Klein, a review of the Union's activities, and David White's effort to be reinstated at Brooklyn College.
October 18, 1938, "Retrenchment in the Air," New York College Teachers Union
     The special bulletin warns of the possibility of retrenchment, starting with the non-instructional staff.
October 20, 1938, "College or Factory," New York College Teachers Union
       Protesting the depreciation of the non-instructional staff, the Union's Non-Instructional Committee presents the educational functions and contributions of non-teaching groups and asks for salary equity.
October 2, 1938, "Municipal Civil Service or Democratic Reorganization," New York College Teachers Unit
     The Non-Instructional Staffs Committee argues that staff in non-instructional titles would have more protection with tenure under the Board By-Laws than under Civil Service Law, and more rights.
October 24, 1938, "Retrenchment: How to Fight It," New York College Teachers Union
      The Non-Instructional Staffs Committee protests the possibility that the Board of Higher Education would  give hiring and promotion power over staff to the Municipal Civil Service Commission, which is dominated by vested business interests.  Staff must look to progressive politicians and groups and of course organize.
October 31, 1938, "Bulletin on Retrenchment," New York College Teachers Union
     The Union defines "retrenchment as any "budget restrictions made without regard to proper education policies and at the expense of deserving members of the Staffs." Therefore, the Board of Higher Education's suspension of salary increases and promotions constitutes retrenchment.
November 7, 1938, "Budget and Politics," New York College Teachers Union
     Budget constraints have compelled the Board of Higher Education to limit salary increments.  Liberal groups and politicians are being attacked and pressured by conservative political and business interests.
November 9, 1938, "Brief Concerning the Case of Dr. Alex B. Novikoff of Brooklyn College," New York College Teachers Union
     An eight-page brief details the case of Dr. Novikoff, whose promotion was denied because of, the Union charges, his Union activity.
November 11, 1938, "College Newsletter," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     The four-page newsletter focuses on the municipal colleges; references to Brooklyn College include the case of Dr. Novikoff, the chapter's denial of Prof. Fenlon's charges of being Communist, and Professor Clarkson's attack on the Union over tenure By-laws.
November14, 1938, "Non-Teaching Staffs Unite," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     The Union proudly announces committees representing all staff positions at Brooklyn and City Colleges, summarizes its program for this staff, and lists other unions supporting its program.
November 17, 1938, "Professor Fenlon's Testimony before the Dies Committee," New York College Teachers Union
     The Brooklyn College Chapter attacks the "opprobrious" testimony of Profess Fenlon in two pages.
December 14, 1938, "Recommendations Concerning Non-teaching Members of the Staff," New York College Teachers Union
     In an eight-page newsletter, the Union sets forth its proposals  for extending protections for the non-instructional staffs and protecting current salary, appointment, and promotion practices.
December 16, 1938, "College Newsletter," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     Included in this issue are articles on the educational forum, with Brooklyn College Prof. Novikoff participating; a statement of Union principles; and Prof. Novikoff's being fired.
December 17, 1938,  Letter to Colleagues, Edward Berry Burgum
     Union President Burgum announces the last free issue of the Union newsletter and invites non-members to either subscribe for $1 or join the Union to continue receiving it.
December 17, 1938, "Society and Higher Education," New York College Teachers Union. Local 537
     The program for the Annual Education Forum features Harold J. Laski, with the Honorable Ordway Tead speaking at the afternoon tea.
January 2, 1939, "College Newsletter," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     The newsletter includes articles on the suspension of Local 537 by the Central Trades and Labor Council, faculty participating in finding a new President for Brooklyn College, members withdrawing from the Union, and a meeting with the Legislative Conference to discuss tenure. The letters to the editor deal with charges of Communism in the Union..
January 4, 1939, "The Convention Comes to the Campus," American Student Union
     Meeting announcement of delegation report from ASU convention includes a letter from President Roosevelt to Joseph Lash.
January 4, 1939, "Chapter Meeting," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     Meeting invitation to discuss the status of the non-instructional staff.
January 5, 1939, College Newsletter, New York College Teachers Union
     The six-page newsletter's  main focus is  Professor Child's attack on the Union
January 17, 1939, "Board Grants Hearing on Future Budgetary Policy," New York College Teachers Union
     The Union is pleased with the Board of Higher Education's resolution to hold open budget hearings in the future, reviews the state of promotions, and provide a budget summary for the current academic year.
January 19, 1939, Letter to Acting President Mario Cosenza, from the Brooklyn College Chapter Executive Committee
     The Committee asks President Cosenza to make public his criteria for granting promotions and salary increments.
February 1939, ""Brooklyn College Chapter," Brooklyn College Salary and Promotions Committee
     The committee invites members to a meeting to discuss its analysis of and recommendations for promotion and increments for day and evening faculty and staff for 1939-1940.

April 15, 1939, Letter to Dr. Mario Cosenza, Edwin Berry Burgum
      The Union president invites President Cosenza to a Union-sponsored forum on public education in New York State.  A flyer describing the forum is attached.
April 27, 1939, "Dismissals! Salary Cuts! Increase Class Size! Decreased Enrollment!" New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     Union urges all college employees to attend protest against budget cuts.
May 2, 1939, "Budget calls for Salary Cuts--Bill not yet Introduced," Non-Instructional Committee, New York College Teachers Union
     Although Senator Desmond is not introducing legislation about the non-instructional staff, there are moves to cut their salaries.  Staff members must act now to stop such efforts.
May 5, 1939, , "Defend Your Job, Your Standard of Living, Professional Standards!" Non-Instructional Committee, New York College Teachers Union
     Meeting announcement.  Agenda includes the Desmond Bill Amendment, transfer to Civil Service, and vacations.
May 9, 1939, "To all members of the Instructional and Administrative Staffs," Non-Instructional Committee, New York College Teachers Union
     The Board of Estimates is proposing to change legislation so that positions and salaries of non-intsructional staff can be eliminated and reduced, respectively.  The Union suggests actions to protest.
May 16, 1939, "To Members of the Staffs of the City Colleges," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     Members are urged to write Assemblypersons to support a tenure bill passed by the Senate.
June 20, 1939, "Bulletin," Non-Instructional Staff Committee, New York College Teachers Union
      The Board of  Higher Education is considering detrimental changes in the status of non-instructional staff.  Members should attend the BHE meeting discussing these proposals.
July 5, "To Members of the Non-Instructional Staffs," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
      The Union distributes to its members a three-page letter it sent to the Board of Higher Education, a letter setting forth the Union analysis of and stand on proposed by-laws concerning  "Administrative Staffs."
July 12, 1939, Letter to President Harry D. Gideonse, Alonzo B. Myers
     The Union president invites President Gideonse to be on a panel in a Union forum, "Scholarship and Democracy."  Attached is a three-page agenda and description of the forum.
July 31, 1939, Letter to Alonzo F. Myers, Harry D. Gideonse
      Responding to Myers' letter of July 12, President Gideonse graciously turns down the suggested topic and makes a counter offer.
September 5, 1939, "Toward Democratic Participation in Reclassification," New York College Teachers Union
      The Union reviews the previous year's accomplishments and defeats and outlines goals for the coming year.
September 15, 1939, "Special Bulletin #1," Salary-Promotion Committee
     The Committee reviews the previous year's experience with the new budget process and urges members to become involved in the process.
October 4, 1939, "Open Meeting of Clerical, Laboratory, and Library Assistants," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     Meeting announcement.
October 31, 1939, Letter to Mr. Harry D. Gideonse, from Abraham Edel
     The Union requests a meeting to a discussion which includes the budget, appointment, promotion, and non-instructional problems.
November 1, 1939, "To the Staffs of the City Colleges," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     Meeting announcement.  Topics of discussion are ambiguities in Board by-laws dealing with personnel actions.
November , 1939, Letter to Dr. Abraham Edel, Grace T. Skerritt
     Responding for President Gideonse to Edel's letter of October 31, his secretary sets a date to meet.
November 7, 1939, Letter to Dr. Harry D. Gideonse, David Driscoll
     The Union requests that qualified staff be allowed copies of his entire budget in order to make comments, not just budget reports from department chairpersons.
November 12, 1939, Press Release, National Advisory Council on Academic Freedom
     The Council urges educators to protect academic freedom in a time of threat, because of the European War and America's possible involvement.  The Council cites World War I patriotic hysteria which resulted in educators' being fired for exercising free speech and lists 6 actions to insure academic freedom.  The Chairman of the Council is Alonzo F.Myers, President of the New York College Teachers Union.
November 15, 1939, Letter to Dr. Harry D. Gideonse, Alonzo Myers
     Writing as a professional rather than as Union president, Myers continues a discussion from their conference; he argues about the necessity of a doctorate for most professors, despite Gideonse's successful career without one.  The press release of November 12 on academic freedom is enclosed.
November 16, 1939, Letter to Professor Alonzo F. Myers, Harry D. Gideonse
     President Gideonse responds to Myers' letter of November 15.
November 17, 1939, Letter to David Driscoll, Harry D. Gideonse
     Replying to Driscoll's letter of November 7, Gideonse simply says that the budget was finalized and department chairpersons have copies.
December 9, 1939, "Third Annual Educational Forum," New York College Teachers Union
      Announcement of "Scholarship and Democracy."  President Gideonse is participating.
December 9, 1939, "To the Members of the Board of Higher Education," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     The union briefly praises several resolutions adopted by the Board and then argues why otehr resolutions rejected by the Board should be adopted.
December 20, 1939, "Special Bulletin," Non-Instructional Committee, New York College Teachers Union
     The Committee reviews the status of efforts to reclassify titles and cut wages and recommends action.
January 6, 1940, "To the Members of the Board of Higher Education," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     After referring to by-laws passed without faculty/staff and Union input, the Union asks the Board of Higher Education to inform the Union and staffs of proposed by-laws and to distribute meeting agendas.  The Union is concerned about proposals to require faculty approval for permission to use the college name and to ban the American Student Union.
February 17, 1940, Press Release, New York College Teachers Union
      Concerned at efforts to deny the American Student Union access to campuses, the Union defends the ASU, based on the Union's support of student rights, on the connection between suppressing student rights and then faculty rights, and in opposition to a spreading campaign against freedom in schools and colleges.
March 29, 1940, Legislative Committee Bulletin, New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     The Union urges faculty to write Governor Lehman to sign the Coudert College Tenure Bill.
March 29, 1940, Letter to President Gideonse, from Abraham Edel
      The Union requests a meeting to discuss its nineteen-page report on reorganizating evening sessions. 
      The "Report and Program on Evening Session Reorganization" is enclosed with the letter.  The text in the report is fuzzy because it is a carbon copy typed on onion skin paper.
April 10, 1940, Letter to Ordway Tead, Charles J. Hendley
     The Union praises Tead's Board of Higher Education for supporting the appointment of Bertrand Russell and urges them to appeal Justice McGeehan's decision concerning Russell.
April 11, 1940, "Special Bulletin #2," Legislative Committee, New York College Teachers Union
     The Union focuses on the changes in the Mayor's budget that affect the city colleges, for the next and several following years, and suggests actions to protect the staffs.
April 16, 1940, "Special Bulletin," Legislative Committee, New York College Teachers Union
     The Board of Estimate hearings on the Mayor's budget indicates severe cuts to the 1940-41 budget.  Send telegrams to key political figures to change the budget.
April 16, 1940, Letter to Mr. Ordway Tead, Laurence E. Prendegast
      The Teachers Union of the City of New York informs the Chairman of the Board of Higher Education that President Harry Gideonse crosses a restaurant picket line every day.  Will Tead inform Gideonse of  his reaction to this?  Tead scrawls on the letter, which was forwarded to Gideonse, "this will acquaint you!"
May 8, 1940, "Special Bulletin of the Educational Policies Committee,"  New York College Teachers Union
     The Union asks colleges to recommend  deserving faculty for promotion in 1940-41, rather than limiting the number of recommendations in anticipation of cuts by the Board of Higher Education, as has been the college practice.
May 10, 1940, Election results, Brooklyn College Chapter
      The results of the election for top officers, the Executive Committee, and alternates.
May 15, 1940, "Civil Service News," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     The Union summarizes the ratings, procedures, and significance of the Ordway-Laffan Service Rating Plan, which applies to administrative staffs transferred to the Civil Service System.
May 28, 1949, "Open Meeting on the Coudert Investigation of the City Colleges," Teachers Union
     Meeting Announcement.  Speakers: E.B. Burgum and Walter Neff.
October 8, 1940, "Bulletin of the Evening Session Committee," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     The Board of Higher Education is using the equalizing and merging day and evening session an opportunity to make money, by cutting faculty and increasing the number of fee-paying students while diminishing the opportunity for working students to get bachelor's degrees.  The Board is denigrating the qualifications of both evening faculty and evening students.  Faculty and students must mobilize to fight down this plan.  All are invited to a meeting.  Note: page 1 is dated October 8; page 2 is  dated October 5.
October 16, 1940, "Edel Case 2," Grievance Committee, New York College Teachers Union
     The union charges that Dr. May Edel was not appointed to a full-time position for arbitrary and discriminatory reasons and asks readers to write Chairman Ordway Tead to support her, in the cause of staff security and of democracy.
October 18, 1940, "Chapter Sees Crucial Issues in Non-Appointment of Dr. M. Edel to Brooklyn College Staff," New York College Teachers Union
     The CCNY chapter supports Dr. Edel's appointment.
November 16, 1940, "Grievance Committee Bulletin--Edel Case," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     The Union rejects President Harry Gideonse's reason for not appointing Dr. May Edel (need for faculty variety) and considers the position as an "emergency appointment."
November 18, 1940, "Chapter Bulletin #3," Brooklyn College Chapter of the NY College Teachers Union
      The records of four faculty just subpoenaed by the Rapp-Coudert Committee are contrasted with Mr. Coudert's.  Readers are asked to contribute an hour's pay to the Fund for the Defense of Public Education.
December 3, 1940, "Education Defense Bulletin," Committee for the Defense of Public Education, Joint Committee of Locals 5 and Local 537
     The Union attacks the Coudert Subcommittee hearings as inquisitorial and Star Chamber proceedings whose purpose is to destroy the Union.  Witness Professor Bernard Grebanier of Brooklyn College is characterized as "nervous and emotionally unbalanced."  Readers are urged to take specified actions.
December 4, 1940, "Education Defense Bulletin," Committee for the Defense of Public Education, Locals 5and 537
     The Union continues its attack on Professor Grebanier as an unstable liar and on the Coudert Committee as undemocratic, admires Union President Charles J. Hendley's statement, and questions the motives of President Harry Gideonse, the next witness.
December 4, 1940, "Statement of Mr. Charles J. Hendley, President of the Teachers Union  of the City of New York, Local #5, at the Open Hearing of the Rapp-Coudert Legislative Committee"
      The rest of Hendley's statement which was not quoted in the December 4 "Education Defense Bulletin" is reproduced.  To see his full statement, you have to read this text and the "Bulletin."  He denies any group controls the Union or that it has any Communist connections.
December 4, 1940, "Save Brooklyn's Schools," Committee for the Defense of Public Education, Locals 5 and 537
       Announcement of  emergency meeting to protest the activities of the Rapp-Coudert Committee.  Speakers: Irwin Shaw, Dr. Margaret Schlauch, George B. Murphy, Jr., I. Kaufman, and Garibaldi Lapolla.  Sponsored by unnamed organizations.
December 4, 1940, Letter to Brooklyn College Staff, New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     To defend against President Harry Gideonse's charges of lying in the Dr. May Edel case and to protect democratic reforms, the Union responds with a one-page letter.  In a four-page attachment, the Union re-issues President Gideonse's letter defending his action to Chairman Ordway Tead in one column and the Union's "Corrections and Comments" in the second column.
December 5, 1940, "Education Defense Bulletin," Committee for the Defense of Public Education, Locals 5 and 537
     President Harry Gideonse's testimony is attacked for his intention to crush student organizations and thirst for more power.  Student denunciations of Professor Grebanier are reported; Charles Hendley's statement of summarized; Bella Dodd's protest against the highhanded methods of the Committee is quoted..
December 7, 1940, "Youth, Higher Education and the War," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     Announcement of forum.
December 9, 1940, College Newsletter, New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
      The four-page newsletter focuses on the Capp-Coudert investigation, plus an article on President Gideonse's rationalization in the Edel case and one on Negro Studies.
December 18, 1940, "Education Defense Bulletin," Committee for Defense of Public Education--Joint Committee of Locals 5 and 537
     The newsletter reproduces three texts relating to the Coudert investigation: a letter from Ordway Tead to Corporation Counsel Chanler concerning staff 's refusal to testify; four resolutions passed by the Board of Higher Education;  a letter from Bella Dodd for the Committee for the Defense of Public Education to Ordway Tead.
December 19, 1940, "Evening Session Reorganization," New York College Teachers Union
     The Union argues that offering an Associate of Arts degree in the evening session and not allowing evening students to matriculate limits educational opportunity for qualified students and questions the plan on other grounds.
December 19, 1940, "President Gideonse Attacks Teacher Tenure," New York College Teachers Union, Local 537
     An excerpt from President Harry Gideonse's testimony before the Rapp-Coudert Committee is analyzed to prove that he is seeking to do away with democratic procedures in bringing charges and to limit faculty academic freedom to statements made in the classroom.
Undated, 1941, "Educators Face a Difficult Year," New York College Teachers Union
     After citing powerful opponents, this four-page pamphlet identifies teachers' allies, reviews the tribulations of the past year, outlines a program of action of the new year, and appeals for members.
Undated, 1941, "It's No Secret," Committee for the Defense of Public Education
     This union committee offers quotations and facts to prove that the purpose of the Rapp-Coudert Committee is to cut education funds and to end f
January, 1941, "An End to the Inquisition," Committee to Defend Free Higher Education
     The Rapp-Coudert Committee continues its attack on free education. Students must resist by attending a meeting (speakers: subpoenaed students) and a mass picket and buying a button.
January 10, 1941, "Let's Defend Our Education," Committee to Defend Free Higher Education
     Notice of junior class open meeting (speakers: subpoenaed students) and picket line protesting Rapp-Coudert Committee.
March 6, 1941, "Danger Ahead!" Committee for Defense of Public Education , Locals 5 and 537, American Federation of Teachers
     Public education is threatened by proposals to  make some parents pay for their children's education and by the restructuring proposed by and redbaiting of the Rapp-Coudert Committee.  Rally, speakers: Hon. Vito Marcantonio, Joseph Curran, Dr. Harry F. Ward, Jack McMichael, and Charles J. Hendley.
March 15, 1941, "Protest Schappes Suspension!!" Committee for the Defense of Public Education, Locals 5 and 537, American Federation of Teachers
     Professor Morris. Schappes, City College, has been unfairly suspended.  Demand he be given a fair trial.
A mass delegation of the Teachers Union is approaching the Board of Higher Education tonight.
March 15, 1941, "Sham Implications," Committee for the Defense of Public Education, Locals 5 and 537, American Federation of Teachers
     The CDPE rejects charges that it improperly treated and advised witnesses appearing before the Rapp-Coudert Committee.  The CDPE's attorney gave witnesses wanting help advice consisting of six points, including to tell the truth.
December 14, 1941, "Victory Rally," Committee for Defense of public Education of the New York Teachers Unions, American Association of Scientific Workers, Greater New York Industrial Union Council, CIO, National Federation for Constitutional Liberties, National Negro Congress, New York Congress for Inalienable Rights
     Meeting announcement to celebrate the end of the Rapp-Coudert Committee, to reinstate the suspended Anti-Fascist teachers, and to preserve freedom and democracy in education.  Speakers and songs.
1942, "Another Moffat Bill!" New York College Teachers Union
     The Union opposes asking the State Legislature to change the salary schedule, which does need to be modified.  However, the Board of Education itself can make the changes.  The flyer's date is not indicated.
April 1942, "A New Approach to the Problem of the Colleges and the War," New York College Teachers Union
      In order for colleges to meet military and civilian wartime needs, a central planning agency must be established.  Administrators and staff members are asked to write Congressmen this effect.
May 15, 1942, Newsletter, Brooklyn College Chapter of the New York College Teachers Union
     The Union rejects President Gideonse's plan to fire faculty and offers suggestions for paying their salaries.  The Union asks members to send telegrams to stop funding for the Rapp-Coudert Committee (a model telegram is attached to the flyer).
May 20, 1942, "Kill Coudert's Appropriate and Stop Appeasing Vichy," New York College Teachers Union
     The Union quotes the ACLU and other organizations to stop funding the Courdert Committee and urges readers to write the governor.
May 25, 1942, "274 Teachers' Jobs Saved: It Can Be Done," Brooklyn College Chapter of the New York College Teachers Union
     The Union offers suggestions for staving off firing 19 faculty at Brooklyn College.
June 6, 1940, Letter to New York College and University Administrators, Bernard F. Rioss
      The New York College Teachers Union supports the Reverend Dr. Henry Sloane Coffin for his defense of academic freedom.
June 15, 1942, Letter to Members of the Board of Higher Education, New York College Teachers Union
     The Union argues that the war effort requires dismissals for budgetary reasons to be rescinded.
December 7, 1942, "Newsletter," Brooklyn College Chapter of the New York College Teachers Union
     Colleges are not meeting the needs of students in wartime.  The Union supports a central planning agency and offers five changes in the college curriculum and requirements.
1943, "Reorganization and the War," New York College Teachers Union
     The by-law changes proposed by the Board of Higher Education distract staff attention from the war; the Union asks the BHE to postpone changes till the war ends.  The date of the flyer is not indicated.
January 6, 1943, "All for Victory in 1943," Brooklyn College Chapter, New York College Teachers Union
     Defeatists are impeding the war effort with their disunifying stands, e.g., attacks on "red" teachers.  The Union has contributed significantly to victory.  Join the Union to save "our American way of education."
February 17, 1943, "The Board of Higher Education's Budget," New York College Teachers Union
     The Union disapproves of the Board of Higher Education's request to be allowed to change its budget and at a public hearing held by the BHE Finance Committee recommended 8 additions to the budget
April 8, 1943, Form Letter to "prominent individuals and organizations," Teachers Union of the City of New York
     Thus invitation to participate in the conference, Education for Victory in 1943, is probably addressed to President Boylan.  A twelve-page program is enclosed with the letter.
January 3, 1944, "Newsletter," New York College Teachers Union
     The newsletter consists of an excerpt from the NYU Bulletin consisting of a speech by President Roosevelt and an article on a threat to the tenure law and other tenure issues.

   March 15, 2010